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Wild beasts (flies) Blight (cattle disease) Boils. Hail. Locusts. Darkness ... free the Israelites, God intended to kill the first born of both man and beast. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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  • What is it? How is it celebrated?

  • Passover is the eight day observance
    commemorating the freedom and exodus of the
    Israelites (Jewish slaves) from Egypt during the
    reign of the Pharaoh Ramses II.
  • Moses, a simple Jewish shepherd, was instructed
    by God to go to the Pharoah and demand the
    freedom of his people.

  • Moses pleaded with the Pharaoh saying, Let my
    people go!
  • Moses warned the Pharoah that God would send
    severe punishments to the people of Egypt if the
    Israelites were not freed.
  • The Pharaoh ignored Moses plea and warning.

  • In response, God unleashed a series of ten
    terrible plagues on the people of Egypt
  • Flood
  • Frogs
  • Lice
  • Wild beasts (flies)
  • Blight (cattle disease)
  • Boils
  • Hail
  • Locusts
  • Darkness
  • Slaying of the First Born

  • The holidays name Pesach, meaning passing
    over or protection in Hebrew, is derived from
    the instructions given to Moses by God.
  • In order to encourage the Pharaoh to free the
    Israelites, God intended to kill the first born
    of both man and beast. To protect themselves, the
    Israelites were told to mark their homes with
    lambs blood so that God could identify and pass
    over their homes.

  • The Pharoah was unconvinced and refused to free
    the slaves until his own first-born son was
  • When the Pharoah finally agreed to freedom, the
    Israelites left their homes so quickly there
    wasnt time to bake their bread. So they packed
    the raw dough to take with them on their journey.
    As they fled through the desert, they would
    quickly bake the dough in the hot sun into hard
    crackers called matzohs.

  • Although the Jews released, the Pharaohs army
    chased them through the desert towards the Red
    Sea. When the Jews reached the sea they were
  • It was then that a miracle occurred. The waves of
    the Red Sea parted and the Israelites were able
    to cross to the other side. As soon as they all
    were safe, the sea closed, trapping the Pharaohs
    army as waves closed upon them.
  • As the Red Sea sweep away the army, the
    Israelites realized they were finally free!

  • Passover celebrates this history. The first two
    nights of the eight day holiday are celebrated
    with lavish meals called Seders in which the
    stories and history of Passover are remembered
    and told. Special foods, plates and silverware
    are all a part of the Seder.
  • This year Passover began at sunset on Wednesday,
    April 8th and will continue until Wednesday,
    April 15th.

  • What is it? How is it celebrated?

  • Taking place the first two nights of the eight
    day holiday, the Seder is the most important
    event of Passover. Family and friends gather to
    celebrate long-held traditions and customs.
  • There are many strict rules to be followed at
    Passover. Only special foods, utensils, and
    dishware are allowed.
  • The home is cleaned and cleared of all yeast
    foods, called hametz. Special dishes and utensils
    are taken out of storage.

  • Only foods that are Kosher for Passover are
    allowed. No leavened (containing yeast) foods or
    grains are eaten.
  • The Seder table is set different from the regular
    dinner table. The centerpiece is the Seder plate,
    a special plate containing the five foods in
    remembrance of the Israelites struggle and
    journey to freedom.

  • The Seder plate contains foods that have special
    meaning for the holiday
  • Haroseth a mixture of chopped walnuts, wine,
    cinnamon, and apples that represents the mortar
    the Jewish slaves used to assemble the Pharaohs
  • Parsley symbolizing springtime, it is dipped in
    salt water to represent the tears of the Jewish
  • Egg another symbol of spring
  • Shank bone symbolizes the sacrificial lamb
    offering (can be the bone from whatever the
    family is eating for dinner)
  • Bitter herbs freshly grated horseradish to
    reflect the bitter affliction of slavery

(No Transcript)
  • Three pieces of matzoh are placed in a Matzoh
    Cover (a cloth napkin or envelope) and placed in
    the center of the Seder table. Before the meal
    begins the middle matzoh is removed and broken in
  • One half is returned to the Matzoh Cover, the
    other half (the Afikomen) is hidden to be hunted
    by the children at the end of the Seder meal. The
    child who finds the Afikomen wins a special

  • During the Seder, four glasses of wine are poured
    to represent the four stage of the exodus of the
  • Freedom
  • Deliverance
  • Redemption
  • Release
  • A fifth cup of wine is then poured and placed on
    the Seder table. This is the Cup of Elijah, an
    offering for the Prophet Elijah. During the Seder
    the door to the home is opened to invite the
    prophet Elijah in. It is considered a privilege
    to be the one to open the door.

  • It is important for Jewish children to feel
    involved in the celebration of Passover
  • At the Seder the Haggadah, the Book of Exodus, is
    read and the history celebrated with its stories,
    songs, and prayers.
  • A child is picked to read from the Haggadah and
    to ask the Four Questions asked at Passover
  • Why do we eat only Matzoh on Pesach and not all
    kinds of breads and crackers like other nights?
  • Why do we eat bitter herbs or Maror at our Seder?
  • At our Seder, why do we dip the parsley in salt
    water and the bitter herbs in Charoset?
  • Why do we lean on a pillow while eating tonight
    and do not sit straight like other nights?

  • The Seder meal

  • After the Seder is celebrated, the family will
    then eat a traditional dinner.
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