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Financing Environment

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Title: Financing Environment


1
Financing Environment
  • General framework of EU funding for the
    Environment
  • For the period 2007-2013

Supported by the European Commission (DG ENV)
2
EUROPEAN COMMUNITY POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES
(2000-2006)
European Environment Policy
Social Economic Cohesion Policy
Common Agricultural Policy
Sectorial Internal Policies
6th Environment Action Programme
Structural Funds EAGGF, ERDF, ESF, FIFG
Transport Marco Polo Energy SAVE, ALTENER,
STEER RD 6th FPRTD Education-Youth Socrates,
Youth Employment Social affairs Leonardo,
Daphne,Tempus Culture Culture 2000,
MEDIA External relations MEDA, SMAP, PHARE,
TACIS, Asia-pro-Eco
LIFE - Nature - Environment - Third countries
Thematic Programmes Co-operation for Sustainable
Urban Development Marine Pollution Promotion of
NGOs Civil Protection Environmental
Emergencies Environment Developing
Countries Tropical Forest
Regulation Rural Development National Plan
Agri-environmental Measures Environmental
Protection Management of Natural Areas
Regional Single Programming Document (SPD)
objectives 1 2 National SPD objective 3
Community Initiative Programme (CIP) LEADER,
INTERREG III, EQUAL, URBAN Innovative Actions
ERDF, ESF
SAPARD, PHARE, ISPA
3
Reference documents
2007-2013 Period
  • COM(2004)29 Delivering Lisbon - Reforms for the
    enlarged Union
  • COM (2005) 192 Towards a new partnership for
    growth , jobs and cohesion
  • COM(2004)107 A new partnership for cohesion
  • COM(2004)101 Building our common future -
  • Policy challenges and Budgetary means for the
    Enlarged Union 2007-2013
  • COM(2005)299 Cohesion Policy in support of
    Growth and Jobs
  • Community Strategy Guidelines, 2007-2013

4
EC POLICIES and PROGRAMMES (2007-2013)
European Environmental Policy
Sectorial internal Policies
Social Economic Cohesion Policy
Common Agricultural Policy
Transport Marco Polo II Innovation
Enterprises Competitiveness and Innovation
framework Programme (CIP) RD 7th FPRTD-FP7
Education Culture Youth, Lifelong Learning,
MEDIA, Culture 2007 Employment Social Policy
Progress External relations European
Neibourghood Partnership, Development
Cooperation Instrument,… Justice, Security,
Citizenship,…
  • 3 objectives
  • Convergence
  • Competitiveness
  • Cooperation
  • ERDF, ESF, EFF, Cohesion Funds

EAGGF European Agricultural Guidance and
Guarantee Fund FEADER European Agricultural
Fund for Rural Development
LIFE
Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance (IPA)
5
Where does the money come from?
Budget 2007
Unspent amounts from previous year contribution
of EU staff
Customs duties agricultural duties and sugar
levies
A uniform rate applied on EU countries VAT basis
A uniform rate applied to gross national income
of EU countries
6
Sharing out of the Budget
Budget 2007
EUR 126 Billion for 2007
Structural Funds
Common Agricultural Policy
Internal Policy
Other Politics
Administration
7
Figures in Euros for 2007 according to Political
Area
Agriculture and Rural Development
EUR 54909 Million Regional
Policy
EUR 34694
Million UE as Global partner
EUR
6582 Million Research

EUR 3912 Million Energy and Transport

EUR 1808 Million Education and Culture

EUR 1222 Million Environment

EUR 353 Million
8
The EU Financial Instruments
9
Agricultural and Rural Development Common Policy
2 Funds The EAGF European agricultural guaranty
fund The EARDF European agricultural and
rural development fund
10
EARDF
For each Member State National Strategic Plan
- NSP REG (CE) 1698/2005 On support for rural
development by EAFRD 4 measures Improving the
competitiveness in the agricultural and forestry
sectors (at least 10 of the budget) Improving
Environment and the countryside - Rural
development (at least 25 of the
budget) Diversification of the rural economy
and quality of life (at least 10 of the
budget) LEADER heading (at least 5 of the
budget)
11
Regional Policy or Cohesion Policy
EUR 350 Billion
Community action aims to respond to the
challenges linked to economic social and
territorial inequalities, the acceleration of
economic restructuring and the ageing of the
population. They are concentrated on a limited
number of priorities
12
Cohesion policy
  • Three Objectives
  • Convergence
  • Regional Competitivity and Employment
  • European territorial Cooperation

13
Cohesion policy
Three financial instruments - the structural
funds Regulation 1828/2006 setting out rules
for the implementation of Council Regulation
1083/2006 laying down general provisions on the
instruments European Regional Development Fund
ERDF Regulation 1780/2006 on the European
Regional Development Fund The European Social
Fund ESF Regulation 1081/2006 on the European
Social Fund Cohesion Fund CF Regulation
1084/2006 establishing a Cohesion Fund
14
The Convergence objective
Objective to help the least developed member
states and regions of EU to catch up quickly the
EU average GDP by improving growth and
employment .
  • Fields of activities
  • Physical and human capital
  • Innovation
  • Knowledge-based society
  • Adaptability to change
  • Environment and administrative effectiveness
  • Two types of regions
  • Region where capita GDP is below 75 of the
    community average
  • Regions where capita GDP has risen above 75 of
    the Community average due to the statistical
    effect of enlargement will benefit from
    transitional, specific and degressive financing

15
The Convergence objective
ERDF and ESF
Types of activities according to financial
instruments ERDF To support sustainable
integrated economic development and the creation
of sustainable jobs To modernise and diversify
regional economic structures in Education,
energy, environment, culture, tourism, research,
health, transport ESF To invest in human capital
To reform education and training system,
lifelong learning To develop human potential
through research and innovation To boost
institutional capacity and effectiveness to
improve governance
16
The Convergence objective
COHESION FUND
EUR 70 Billion
Objective to foster balanced sustainable
economic and social development in the Community,
to reduce the gap between the level of
development It will support the Convergence
objective for Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech
Republic, Estonia, Greece, Hungary, Latvia,
Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Portugal, Romania,
Slovakia and Slovenia
  • Two fields of activities
  • The environment (within the context of the
    European Environnemental policy priorities) and
    all the field that encourage sustainable
    development as energy…
  • The trans-European transport networks especially
    the priority projects of European interest
  • Types of activities
  • Contribute to preliminary studies
  • Technical support
  • Monitoring
  • Publicity and information campaigns

17
The  Regional competitiveness and employment
objective
Objective to strengthen competitiveness and
attractiveness as well as employment.
  • Two priorities
  • Economic change
  • More and better jobs

Types of regions Region where capita is GDP is
above 75 of the community average 168 eligible
regions in EU 27
18
Regional competitiveness and employment
objective Economic change
ERDF
Priorities
Innovation and knowledge economy
Environnent and risk prevention Restoring
contaminated land Infrastructures linked to
biodiversity and NATURA 2000 Energetic
efficiency and Aternative Energy Public and
urban clean transports Formulating plans to
anticipate and manage natural and technology
related risk.
Transports and communication services
accessibility
19
Regional competitiveness and employment
priority More and better jobs
ESF
Priorities Increasing adaptability among
workers and businesses Improving access to
employment for jobseekers Reduce social
exclusion Create partnerships
to manage reforms in employment and to combat
social exclusion
Formulating plans to anticipate and manage
natural and technology related
risk
20
Convergence objective
Regional competitiveness and employment objective
21
European territorial cooperation priority
ERDF
  • Developing economic and social cross-border
    activities 74 (ex INTERREG IIIa)
  • Development of SME, tourism, culture and
    cross-border trade
  • Protection and common management of the
    environnent
  • Best access to transport information,
    communication networks and services
  • Common use of health, culture and education
    infrastructures
  • Transnational cooperation 21 (ex INTERREG IIIb)
  • Water management
  • Accessibility to European transport network
  • Risk prevention
  • Scientific and technologic networks
  • Interregional Cooperation 5 (ex INTERREG IIIc)
  • To promote networks between regional and local
    public authorities
  • Making regional policy more effective
  • Regions, actors of the economic change
  • Environment and risk prevention

22
Cross border cooperation
23
Transnational cooperation
Northern Periphery Baltic Sea North West
Europe North Sea Atlantic Coast Alpine
Space East-Centra-Europe South West
Europe Mediterranean South East
Europe Caribbean Area Açores-Madeira-Canarias I
ndian Ocean Area
24
Implementation scheme
EUROPEAN STRATEGY FOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Community Strategic Guidelines  Earmarking
Lisbonne 
NATIONAL STRATEGY FOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT Nationa
l Strategic Reference Framework
REGIONAL OPERATIONNAL PROGRAMMES With
environmental assessment
25
Figures
26
Figures (current prices)
Bulgaria EUR 6,853 Billion Convergence
objective EUR 6,674 Billion ERDF EUR 3,206
Billion ESF EUR 1,185 Billion CF EUR 2,283
Billion Territorial cooperation objective EUR
179 Million
France EUR 14,3 Billion Convergence objective
EUR 3,2 Billion Regional competitiveness and
employment objective EUR 10,26
Billion Territorial cooperation objective EUR
0,9 Billion
Greece EUR 20 420 million Convergence
objective EUR 19 575 million Regional
Competitiveness and Employment objective EUR 635
million Territorial Cooperation objective EUR
210 million
27
Sectorial programmes 2007-2013
28
Sectorial programmes
LIFE The 7th framework programme for
technological research and development
(FP7) Competitiveness and innovation programme
(CIP) The PROGRESS programme The integrated
programme  EDUCATION AND LIFE LONG
LEARNING  EU as global partner
policy Citizenship programme Marco polo II
programme
29
  • LIFE

3 Priorities Nature and biodiversity - at least
50 of the budget Governance and environmental
politics health and environment, greenhouse
gas, natural resources Information and
dissemination
20 for european projects 80 for projects from
national priorities plan
EUR 300 Million per year
30
The 7th framework programme for technological
research and development - FP7
  • 4 STRATEGIC PROGRAMMES
  • Cooperation
  • Ideas
  • People Marie-Curie Programme
  • Capacities SME programme, Regions of knowledge,
    Research Potential (REGPOT) programme

EUR 50,5 Billion
31
FP7
STRATEGIC PROGRAMME COOPERATION 10
priorities Health Food, agriculture et
biotechnologies Technologies of information and
communication Nanosciences et nanotechnologies Ene
rgy Environment and climate change Transport Socio
-economic and human sciences Space Security
32
FP7
Details of the Environmental priority
EUR 1,9 Billion for 2007-2013
Climate change, pollutions and natural risks
Including environment and health Sustainable
use of resources Natural resources and
man-made resources Marine environment Environme
ntal technologies Earth Observation and
assessment tools
Other Topics International commitments of the EU
Kyoto, biodiversity Conventions, World summit
for sustainable development Contribution to IPCC
and Global Earth Observation Initiative European
Politics 6th EAP, WFD, ETAP, SCALE, Maritime
strategy
33
COMPETITIVENESS AND INNOVATION PROGRAMME - CIP
3 SPECIFIC PROGRAMMES Innovation and
entrepreneurship programme Strategic in matter
of information and communication technologies
programme Intelligent Energy- Europe programme
EUR 3,6 Billion
Including EUR 433 Million for Eco-Innovation
And EUR 727 Million for Energy intelligent
Europe (Save, Altener et Steer)
34
THE PROGRESS PROGRAMME
5 PRIORITIES Employment Social protection and
inclusion Work condition Fight against
discrimination and encourage diversity Woman
Equality
3 types of actions Analyse Common
learning Assistance to stakeholders
EUR 700 Million
35
EDUCATION AND LIFE LONG LEARNING INTEGRATED
PROGRAMME
Gathering former programmes as Comenius (schools
et colleges) Erasmus (universities) Leonardo Da
Vinci (professional teaching and
learning) Gruntvig (adults education) A
transversal programme (politics cooperation,
languages learning, CIT, dissemination) And a
new programme Jean Monnet (European
integration)
EUR 6,970 Million
36
CITIZENSHIP PROGRAMME
This programme encourages activities promoting
active European citizenship
  • Main objectives


  • To give citizens the opportunity to interact
    together in building an ever closer Europe
  • which is democratic, united in and enriched
    through its cultural diversity.
  • To develop a sense of European identity based on
    common values, history and culture
  • To foster a sense of ownership of the EU among
    citizens
  • To enhance tolerance and mutual understanding
    between European citizens respecting and
    promoting cultural and linguistic diversity,
    while contributing to intercultural dialogue.

Budget EUR 215 millions
37
CITIZENSHIP PROGRAMME
Main priorities themes Future of the European
Union and its basic values Active European
citizenship participation and democracy in
Europe Inter cultural dialogue Peoples well
being in Europe employment social cohesion and
sustainable development Impact of EU policies in
societies Annual priorities for 2007 Equal
opportunities for all (2007 European
year) Enlargement, getting to know the two new
member states Bulgaria and Romania
General selection procedures Application
forms Two types of grants Grants for
projects Grants for the operating budget for a
body promoting European citizenship.
38
Beneficiaries Local authorities and
organisations European public policy research
organisations (think-tanks) Citizens groups
Civil society organisations Non-governmental
organisations Trade unions Educational
institutions Organisations active in the field
of voluntary work Organisations active in the
field of amateur sport etc
Participating countries Member states countries
of the European Free Trade Association Countries
which are candidates for accession to the
European Union Countries from the Western
Balkans
39
MARCO POLO II PROGRAMME
Regulation (CE) 1692/2006 establishing the
second Marco Polo programme for the granting of
Community financial assistance to improve the
environmental performance of the freight
transport system
Objective to shift freight from the roads to
more environmentally friendly modes
To reduce congestion To improve environmental
performance of the transport system To enhance
intermodal transport
Modal shift actions (subsidy rate up
30) Catalyst actions (subsidy rate up
35) Common learning actions (subsidy rate up
50) Traffic avoidance actions (subsidy rate up
35) Motorways of the sea (subsidy rate up 35)
EUR 400 Million
40
UE as Global Partner policy
COM(2004) 626 On the instruments for External
Assistance under the future financial perspective
2007-2013.
  • Four main instruments
  • Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance (IPA)
  • European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument
    (ENPI)
  • Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)
  • European Development Fund (EDF)

41
EU AS GLOBAL PARTNER
Part of the different instruments
The EDF is not part of the EU budget
42
INSTRUMENT FOR PRE ACCESSION ASSISTANCE (IPA)
Regulation 1085/2006 Establishing an Instrument
for Pre accession assistance.
43
EUROPEAN NEIGHBOURHOOD AND PARTNERSHIP INSTRUMENT
(ENPI)
Regulation 1638/2006 Laying down general
provisions establishing a European Neighbourhood
and Partnership Instrument
44
EUROPEAN NEIGHBOURHOOD AND PARTNERSHIP INSTRUMENT
  • 29 cooperation areas among them
  • To promote environmental protection ,nature
    conservation and
  • sustainable management of natural resources
  • including fresh water and marine resources
  • To pursue regional and local development efforts
    in both rural and
  • urban areas to reduce balances and improve
    regional and local capacity

Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Egypt Georgia
Israel Jordan Lebanon Libya Moldova Morocco the
Palestinian Authority Syria Tunisia and Ukraine
45
European Neighbourhood and Partnership map
46
DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION INSTRUMENT (DCI)
Regulation 1905/2006 Establishing a financing
instrument for development cooperation
47
DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION INSTRUMENT
Objective to encourage development, economic,
financial, scientific cooperation and all the
other forms of cooperation with countries and
regions partners to help them to reach the
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) contributing
to reduce poverty
  • Priorities
  • To encourage sustainable development
  • To reinforce democracy, human rights,
    constitutional state…
  • To contribute to environment protection,
    biodiversity, climate change… at
  • international level.
  • To reinforce partnerships between EU and the
    different areas.

Eligible countries Asia , Latino America,
Central Asia, Middle East, South Africa.
48
THEMATIC PROGRAMME FOR ENVIRONMENT
COM 20/2006 External Action - Thematic
programme for environment and sustainable
management of natural resources including energy
Under the different external financial
instruments Geographical programmes Asia,
Latino America… ( DCI), Mediterranean Partner
Countries (ENPI), Candidates and potential
candidates countries ( IAP). Thematic programmes
human rights and democracy, investment in human
resources, the environment and sustainable
management of natural resources (including
energy), food safety, the participation of
non-state actors in the development process,
migration and asylum, and cooperation with the
industrialised countries.
  • General Objectives for thematic programme for
    environment
  • To promote EUs policies abroad
  • To address the environmental dimension of
    development and other external policies

49
THEMATIC PROGRAMME FOR ENVIRONMENT
  • Priorities
  • To achieve Millennium Development Goal 7 (Ensure
    Environmental Sustainability),
  • To promote implementation of EU initiatives and
    commitments at international level,
  • including in the areas of sustainable
    development, climate change …
  • To improve the integration by the EU of
    environmental questions, particularly as
  • regards combating poverty, by expanding the EU's
    responsibilities and through cooperation and
  • specialist aids.
  • To improve international governance as regards
    the environment and the EUs driving role
  • especially by supporting international
    organisations and helping to implement
    multilateral
  • agreement
  • To promote options for renewable energy,
    particularly through institutional support
  • and technical assistance

Eligible countries All the partner countries
including ACP countries OCTs countries
European neighbourhood countries,DCI countries…
but except IAP countries
50
EUROPEAN DEVELOPMENT FUND (EDF)
EUR 22,7 Billion
Instrument based on the Cotonou Agreement
between UE and ACP countries
  • Objective
  • Cooperation focusing on poverty reduction
  • To improve financial cooperation
  • Develop news economic and trade partnerships
  • Financial instruments Grants, Venture capital,
    Loans to the private sector
  • EDF fundings Member states ( not in the
    community budget), Part of community
  • budget for OCTs, European Investments Bank own
    contribution

Eligible countries African Caribbean and Pacific
countries (ACP) and OCTs
51
EUROPEAN DEVELOPMENT FUND (EDF)
This instrument finances all the projects
contributing to economic social and cultural
development
  • Fields of application
  • Commercial promotion
  • Social and cultural development ( education,
    health..)
  • Infrastructures development ( transport ,
    communication…)
  • Production diversification and development (
    rural production, industry,
  • energy resources)
  • Thematic actions ( health, hygiene, drought…)
  • Emergency humanitarian actions ( refugees,
    disasters, aids…)
  • All the project must integrate horizontal
    questions as struggle against poverty,
  • the equality of treatment man woman,
  • the environment, the sustainable development..

52
ACP countries map
53
OTHERS PROGRAMMES
solidarity and management of migration flows
Culture 2007
Security and liberties protection
Fundamental rights and Justice
Health and Consumer Protection
Sustainable fisheries
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