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Networking Vigilance Committee Best Practices

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Title: Networking Vigilance Committee Best Practices


1
(Networking/ Vigilance Committee ) - Best
Practices -
  • Presentation by
  • Vasudha Mishra
  • Secretary
  • DWCD
  • Govt. of Andhra Pradesh

2
Overview- Andhra Pradesh
  • 17 Districts-Vizianagaram, Vishakhapatnam, East
    Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur,
    Prakasam, Chittoor, Kadapa, Anantapur, Kurnool,
    Hyderabad, Medak, Nalgonda, Khammam, Nizamabad
    and Warangal

3
Overview- Andhra Pradesh
  • Routes and Destinations of Trafficking

DELHI
Daund
DELHI
Anantpur
Bangalore
Hyderabad
Cuddapah
Guntakal
DELHI
Warangal
Tirupati
Chittoor
Vijayawada
DELHI
Warangal
Kurnool
Warangal
DELHI
East Godavari West Godavari
DELHI
Vizag
Hyderabad
DELHI
4
(No Transcript)
5
(No Transcript)
6
(No Transcript)
7
Response to the Problem
  • Rehab Strategies
  • - Integration of rescued/
  • vulnerable girls/ women
  • through SHGs
  • - SWADHAR
  • - Grant In Aid
  • - Linkages to DRDA/
  • APSACS etc.
  • Prevention
  • Strategies
  • Community
  • Vigilante groups
  • Balika Sanghas
  • Kala Jathas
  • Training of
  • Stakeholders

GOMS No.1
Prevention
Rehabilitation
FOCUS AREAS
Rescue
  • Rescue Strategies
  • Promoting rescue through information/surveillance
    of CVGs
  • Linkages with police in destination areas
  • Motivation and Preparation of communities by
    awareness generation

8
Response to the Problem- Overview
  • Formation of Community Vigilant Groups (CVG)
  • 25006 CVGs formed across the state at community
    level
  • CVG consists of CDPO, Supervisor, Anganwadi
    Worker, Mothers Committee Member, Adolescent
    Girls, Sarpanch, Revenue Official (Village
    Secretary), Kulapeddalu (2 No.s), Police
  • CVGs trained as Anti-trafficking Committees
  • Role of CVG
  • Monitoring and surveillance of communities
  • Linkages to Police, DWCD, DRDA (SHGs)

9
Adolescent girls organized in Vigilant groups
awakened on issue of trafficking
10
Response to the Problem- Overview
  • Formation of Balika Sanghas
  • 9315 Sanghas formed
  • Balika Sanghas formed with out-of-school
    adolescent girls
  • Also represented in the CVGs
  • Nearly 30,000 girls trained on social issues,
    health, and nutrition

11
Response to the Problem- Overview
  • Formation of State and District Coordination
    Committees for prevention of trafficking as per
    G.O.Ms.No.1
  • Formation of Anti-trafficking squads in every
    district headed by Deputy Superintendent of
    Police and supported by WCD officials, Juvenile
    welfare officials and NGOs by the police
    department
  • Formation of Anti-trafficking cells at District
    Head quarter and Mandal Head Quarter by the
    Department of WCD involving the WCD Officials
    NGOs

12
Response to the Problem- Overview
  • Initial relief to rescued victims was enhanced to
    Rs.5000/-to Rs.10,000/-
  • SWADHAR Scheme- 26 Shelter homes have been
    sanctioned by Government of India under the scheme

13
  • The Department is conducting various workshops
    and reviews as follows
  • District level workshops were conducted in
    collaboration with UNICEF in every district (23
    districts) from March to July 2005 all over
    Andhra Pradesh to promote inter departmental
    linkage, police trainings organized with Women
    Development Child Welfare Department/ local
    NGOs on ITPA, Anti-trafficking issues

14
  • A 3 days training workshop from 4-7-2005 to
    6-7-2005 in collaboration with UNICEF was
    conducted at, Hyderabad for field functionaries
    working with child victims of trafficking and
    commercial sexual exploitation. The training
    module developed by Nirmala Nikethan, School of
    Social Work, Mumbai was translated into Telugu
    Language. Trainings were conducted to Instructors
    of Anganwadi Training Centers and also to
    sensitize caregivers of children homes, state and
    service homes including 26 NGOs

15
  • A workshop from 28th to 29th September 2005 was
    conducted in the Directorate with the assistance
    of UNICEF to develop the modules to Anganwadi
    workers and Anti-trafficking committees on Key
    messages on the prevention of trafficking and
    activities to be taken-up by the Adolescent Girls
    and Balika Mandals with field functionaries and
    related departmental staff
  • Training module has been developed for NGOs and
    field level functionaries all over AP on social
    issues like trafficking, child marriages, dowry
    etc., in collaboration with NIPCCD. Trainings
    have been conducted at Bangalore and Hyderabad.
  • Social issues were included in the curriculum of
    refresher course being given to CDPOs /
    Supervisors and AWWs at field level and also to
    instructors of MLTCs and AWTCs.

16
  • A.P.Police academy has conducted workshops for
    police officials on trafficking in persons Role
    of police as follows
  • Resolutions passed at Vijayawada workshop in
    November 2005 on amendment of G.O.Ms.No.1
  • Resolutions some suggestions made in Anantapur
    on October 2005
  • Resolutions passed in the workshop on strategies
    to deal with gender violence at Hyderabad in
    March 2006
  • The Toll free help line at Hyderabad is 1800,
    425, 2908

17
Regional Anti-Trafficking Network Anantapur Chitt
oor Kadapa
18
Andhra Pradesh
19
Trafficking from the Rayalaseema Region- An
Overview
  • Trafficking predominantly in three districts
  • - Anantapur, Chittoor, Kadapa
  • Trafficking of minors and women linked to
    migration, debt bondage, and socio-cultural
    tolerance of trafficking
  • Girls in socially and economically disadvantaged
    groups are especially vulnerable to trafficking

20
Origins of the Network
  • DWCD/ UNICEF started a pilot project with STHREE
    (NGO) for prevention of trafficking from
    Anantapur district
  • In order to check the operations of traffickers
    in the region across 3 districts, the project
    expanded to cover Kadapa and Chittoor districts
    by formation of the Regional Network with
    participation of three District Collectors
  • The same networking is replicated in coastal
    regions covering 6 districts Guntur, Prakasam,
    Nellore, Krishna, East Godavari and West
    Godavari

21
Objectives of the Regional Network
  • Identification of vulnerable communities
  • Capacity building of CVGs and Adolescent girls
  • Enhanced Law enforcement /data base on
    traffickers
  • Convergence with Income Generation Programmes,
    Judiciary and other frontline agencies
  • Standardization of approach and strategy

22
Organizational Structure of the Regional Network
Regional Network
Collector- Anantapur
Chairperson- Collector- Kadapa
Collector- Chittoor
District Resource Person
District Resource Person
District Resource Person
Mandal Resource Persons
Mandal Resource Persons
Mandal Resource Persons
CVGs Balika Sanghas Civil Society Organizations
Community at large
CVGs Balika Sanghas Civil Society Organizations
Community at large
CVGs Balika Sanghas Civil Society Organizations
Community at large
23
Key strategies
  • Community mobilization
  • Law enforcement
  • Rehabilitation
  • Convergence

24
Key Messages
  • Key messages focus on Prevention of trafficking
    by way of vigilance, awareness, encouraging
    reportage and law enforcement

25
Key messages for Police
  • The police should be on a vigil in locations
    prone to trafficking
  • Should monitor the movements-of strangers in the
    villages
  • Look out for suspicious movement of girls at
    places such as, highways, dhabas, railway
    stations, and bus stations
  • Police must register and FIR under section 5 or 6
    of the Immoral Traffic (prevention) ACT, 1956 and
    336, 366A, 367, 370 to 373 of the Indian Penal
    code

26
Inter state Anti trafficking Initiatives with
DWCD-Police-NGOs
27
  • Key messages for Family
  • Check background of people offering jobs,
    incentives, marriages proposals
  • Families should take good care of their children
    in terms of clothing food their concerns, and
    take their points of view seriously
  • The family should ensure that their daughters are
    safe and not exposed to potential traffickers
  • All marriages in the village should be
    registered, and at least one photograph of the
    married couple be kept safely
  • The girls family must keep safely the correct
    address and contact of the grooms family
  • Watch out for deceit and resist sale of girls
  • Calling child line, Help line and the Police in
    case of suspicion
  • Training girls to be more vigilant and aware
    (Balika Mandals)

28
Key messages for Community
  • The Panchayat can appoint a group of women and
    men from the village, and can assign the SHGs
    with the responsibility of keeping track of
    strangers who may be visiting the community the
    frequency and purpose of such visits and the
    households that they visit
  • Monitor the marriages with outsiders, they can
    ensure that the visitors are not traffickers
  • Keep a close watch on the movement of girls and
    young women from the villages
  • On visitors to the villages and follow up on any
    such visitors who frequently visit a particular
    house

29
Community Mobilization
  • Wide publicity and campaigns through Kalajathas,
    Workshops and meetings
  • Communities are provided with information on
    trafficking, CSE, human rights, child rights,
    law, Consequences of HIV/ AIDS and Other aspects
  • Skills on how to prevent trafficking, skills in
    reporting, and effectively using the enforcement
    system (police) to tackle the problem.

30
Kalajatha Parakuvandlapalli Village Tanakal Mandal
Kishora Balikala Mela, Kadiri
31
Balika Sangha Training on Trafficking and
Commercial Sexual Exploitation(CSE)
  • Girls from Balika Sanghas Trained on
  • Social and gender issues
  • Trafficking and CSE
  • How to address the problem at community level
  • Skills to protect themselves from traffickers and
    trafficking
  • Life skills

32
Girls engaged in social mapping on the issue of
Trafficking
33
Work with Adolescent Girls
  • Campaign with more than 6000 Adolescent Girls
  • School and College going girls covered in the
    Campaign
  • Focus on Trafficking of Girls, Early Marriages
  • Adolescent girls were informed about
  • Their rights
  • Severity of the problem of trafficking, and its
    effects
  • Skills to address the problem at community level

34
Work with Government Officials
  • Training of Government functionaries-frontline
    staff of various Government departments
  • - Department of women and child
    development
  • - District rural development authority
  • - Medical Health
  • - Police

35
Work with Police
  • Training on Trafficking and CSE
  • - CIs, SIs, Constables Trained on trafficking
    and related issues
  • - Impact
  • Appointing special officer and staff- working on
    trafficking
  • Promotion of Community friendly police concept
  • Focus on prosecution and conviction of brokers
    and traffickers

36
Work with PRIs
  • Sarpanchs, ZPTC, MPTC Members trained on
  • Trafficking and CSE
  • Addressing the problem at community level
  • Active participation in prevention of trafficking
  • Monitoring and surveillance
  • Impact
  • Suggestions by the participants for action
  • Registration of marriages
  • Identification of and punishment to Brokers

37
Community Participation
  • Rendered counseling to the village elders
    Adolescent girls
  • Constituting committee consisting of NGO, Doctor,
    Legal advisor, WD CW Department Officials
  • Involving the male youth members of the community
    for obtaining information well in advance on
    traffickers to take stringent action
  • Exchanging information periodically among the
    three districts for uniform and common line of
    action by organizing Workshops
  • Training to the police personnel and women
    constables in dealing with these cases

38
Rehabilitation activities taken up in Regional
Network
  • A Regional Network was set up in July 2004 with
    three District Collectors, Superintendent of
    Police, Project Directors of DRDA and WDCW, CPO
    of UNICEF,Medical and Health consultants, and
    NGOs to get information about traffickers and
    their chain.
  • Example An overview of Anantapur District
    interventions are placed below

39
Beneficiary VOCSETs in kafe khushi a food center
established as economic rehabilitation unit
40
  • Self Help Groups formation
  • Out of 62 people who returned from Pune/Mumbai,
    are formed into 5 - Self Help Groups (SHGs) and
    Rs.1.20 lakhs was sanctioned as a Revolving Fund

41
Income Generating Activities
  • 62 victims who returned from Pune and Mumbai were
    sanctioned Community Investment Fund to a tune of
    Rs. 5.16 lakhs under Income Generating
    Activities.
  • Rs.3.20 Crores under Indira Kranthi Patham budget
    wherein Rs.47.90 lakhs was earmarked under
    Institutional and Capacity Building component and
    Rs.271 lakhs for Community Investment Fund for
    Income Generating Activities in which 50 of the
    amount is earmarked exclusively for S.C., S.T.,
    women members of the Self Help Groups.

42
Preference to all Government Schemes
Housing Pattas
  • In Anantapur two spells of assignment of land
    programme was taken up during January 2005 and
    August 2005 in which 346 ST women beneficiaries
    were provided land pattas to a tune of 766.05
    acres of land to take up cultivation
  • 618 destitute /single women were sanctioned
    housing under Indira Awash Yojana in 2004-05

Home guards
  • 9 Women home guards were selected

43
Education
  • Two bridge course residential schools were
    established through Indira Kranti Padam
  • Below 9 years (Dropouts) were admitted in to
    schools by tying up with residential schools

Health
  • One VCTC is opened for dealing AIDS cases to
    extend treatment to positive cases
  • 3 Gynaec camps conducted in 5 trafficking
    mandals. Selected and trained 160 community
    health activists at village level to create
    awareness on health issues

44
Kadiri Mandal trafficked girls receiving Pattas
N.P.Kunta girls receiving pattas from MRO
45
BCRS Girl Child Education
Kadiri
STHREE girls learning crafts at skill centre,
Kadiri
46
Rescue
  • Two Swadhar Shelter Homes were sanctioned in
    Kadiri area with the sanctioned strength of 100
    for difficult circumstances women by Government
    of India. One Shelter Home was proposed for
    STHREE voluntary organization which is working
    in Kadiri area pertaining to anti-trafficking
    activity through the District Collector to
    APSACS. (Andhra Pradesh State AIDS Control
    Society), A.P., Hyderabad and sanction is
    awaited.

47
Rehabilitation trough training, Bank Linkage and
Federation
  • Under convergence programme 50 Adolescent girls
    were sanctioned Rs.5.00 lakhs under Community
    Investment Fund for Incoming Generating
    activities. 65 Adolescent girls identified
    through village organizations (Women Federations
    of SHGs) were trained in Tailoring, Hand
    Embroidery, Mirror work and Appliqué work in
    collaboration with WAKEUP-NGO. Another 50 girls
    were identified in Kadiri area were given above
    training in collaboration with Priya Mahila
    Mandali.
  • One special action plan have been prepared
    exclusively for S.T. (Sugali) people in Kadiri
    area of Anantapur District to a tune of Rs.270.94
    lakhs and submitted to the Commissioner, Tribal
    Welfare Department, A.P., Hyderabad for release
    of funds through District Collector.

48
  • 3 family counseling centers are established in
    Nallacheruvu, Gandlapenta and Talupula mandals of
    Kadiri block through social Community Investment
    Fund (CIF) sub projects to a tune of
    Rs.3.57 lakhs
  • 170 Destitute women were identified in Kadiri
    erstwhile taluk and provided training and loan to
    a tune of Rs.5.91 lakhs to take up non-form
    activities under the programme called
    Development of Women Through Area Programme
    (DEWTHA) through Sree Anantaha Grameena Bank,
    Anantapur. The 170 destitutes consist of all
    communities including S.T. women.

49
Best practices in coastal Regional Network
  • Prevention focused Action plan is being
    implemented in Guntur and Prakasam districts from
    December 2005
  • Mapping of vulnerable areas is being carried out
    in both districts (Guntur and Prakasam)
  • Workshop on trafficking and CSE have been
    conducted with police and DECD personnel in
    Guntur district and planned for June 2006 in
    Prakasam
  • More than 50 Kalajathas were conducted in the two
    districts in the initial stages in March 2006
  • 150 Adolescent girls are being trained on
    cultural activities and Kalajathas and will
    conduct more than 2000 programmes in 100 villages
    in the two districts in June-July 2006

50
Kalajatha outcomes
  • Communities at large and especially women and
    young girls understand trafficking CSE and the
    impacts thereof
  • Adolescent girls and women have started reacting
    strongly to the violation of their rights in
    trafficking and have started participating
    actively in anti trafficking activities through
    Community Vigilant Groups and Balika Sanghas
  • Adolescent girls who have witnessed Kalajathas
    have become more cautious and aware about dangers
    posted by the problem of trafficking

51
Womens Groups and Anti-trafficking work
  • Womens groups (SHGs) are a part of CVGs in the
    village and SHG leaders represent the womens
    group in Community Vigilant Groups
  • They have not only started participating actively
    in prevention related activities, but have also
    started involving victims and vulnerable women in
    livelihood activities for rehabilitation and
    prevention by providing them access to loans,
    land and other alternatives

52
SUPPORT FROM UNDP
  • UNDPTAHA (Prevention of trafficking and HIV/AIDS
    in women and girls) Project is suggested to
    support for effective implementation,
    documentation and reporting of the various
    activities which would entail district level
    workshops for development of action plan field
    assignments state level sensitization of NGOs,
    TOT for ICDS centers (MLTC, AWTC) training of
    PDS, CDPOs, Training of field functionaries on
    Anti-trafficking Cells in 9 districts needs
    assessment and planning workshops with SWADHAR
    homes, Networking and exchange programmes, main
    streaming of issues in Police and strengthening
    of regional network

53
NATSAP
  • Network of 22 NGOs working with VOCSET (Victims
    of Commercial Sexual Exploitation Trafficking)
  • Forming of Community Based Organization with
    VOCSET
  • Active participation in Anti-trafficking
    committees at District level
  • Counselling, Health care running STD clinics
  • Prevention of second generation trafficking
    working for children of sex workers
  • Para legal counselling for VOCSET
  • Lobbying and advocacy

54
CACT (Campaign Against Child Trafficking)
  • CACT is a net work of 50 NGOs campaigning against
    child trafficking in Andhra Pradesh covering all
    the districts
  • Awareness generation on
  • Campaigning Lobby Advocacy
  • Forming Vigilant groups with Adolescent girls
    SHGs
  • Involving PRIs in prevention of trafficking in
    children
  • Establishing economic rehab units for VOCSET
  • Employment opportunity for VOCSET through
    corporate social responsibility
  • Ex Employing VOCSET in petrol filling stations

55
Impact
  • No of adolescent girls trained 36000
  • No of Police Officials trained 300
  • No of CVG members trained 1500
  • No of Kalajathas performed 700
  • No of victims rescued 37
  • No of arrests made 25
  • No of cases pending in courts 7
  • Total no of victims and vulnerable girls
    undergoing livelihood programs 83 (Till March
    2006)
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