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'the process of integrating and transforming the aspirations ... Kofi Annan. Secretary-General of the United Nations. New York. 1 March 1999. Global Public Goods ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: www.GreenTravel.org

  • www.GreenTravel.org

  • The Vision Mission
  • To foster the global movement towards a just
    society that embraces nonviolence, free media,
    multiculturalism, biodiversity, sustainable
    development, ecological restoration, appropriate
    technology, and human rights by providing an
    educational travel service dedicated to helping
    people find opportunities to undertake socially
    conscious travel.

  • Considerations
  • Language learning
  • Volunteer placement
  • Eco-impact reduction
  • Travel insurance
  • Transportation
  • Informative resources
  • Weather worldwide
  • Housing options
  • Travelers health
  • Fundraising
  • Documents
  • Community involvement

Development Then
  • Traditionally, development was equated
  • with economic production and the optimization of
    profits for the
  • corporate sector.

Development Now
  • Development has now come
  • to represent a process of
  • world-building.

  • "the process of integrating and transforming the
    aspirations of collectivities at all levels of
    social organization toward those that advance the
    development of people everywhere.
  • (Estes 1992 33)

Key Concepts
  • Conscientization
  • Profound insight into the source(s) of their
    oppression combined with a willingness to act
    collectively in bringing about solutions to those
    oppressions (Estes 1992 28).
  • Institution-building
  • The process of establishing new, or extending
    existing, resources to larger numbers of persons
    in need of such services (Estes 1992 33).
  • Globalization
  • The intensification of a worldwide social
    relations which link distant localities in such a
    way that local happenings are shaped by events
    occurring many mile away and vice versa (Morrow
    Carlos Torres 2000 27-28).
  • Counterglobalization
  • The influence exerted by the rise of some new
    social movements and the role of local and
    international nongovernmental organizations
    (Burbules Torres 2000 18).

Alan Fowler (2002)
  • Diaspora channels can be more reliable because
    responsibility and accountability back home
    increase vulnerability to the consequences of
    globalization. (18)
  • peoples individual and collective capacity to
    cope with exploit opportunities created by change
    becomes the core feature of anti-poverty
    interventions. (6)

Service Learning
  • Links to academic content and standards.
  • Involves people in helping to determine meet
    real, defined community needs.
  • Is reciprocal in nature, benefiting both the
    community the service providers.
  • Can relate to any subject area so long as it is
    appropriate for assessed needs.
  • -- National Commission on Service Learning

Service Learning
  • Service-learning combines service objectives
    with learning objectives with the intent that the
    activity change both the recipient and the
    provider of the service. This is accomplished by
    combining service tasks with structured
    opportunities that link the task to
    self-reflection, self-discovery, and the
    acquisition and comprehension of values, skills,
    and knowledge content.
  • --www.servicelearning.org
  • Service-learning is a form of experiential
    education where learning occurs through a cycle
    of action and reflection as students work with
    others through a process of applying what they
    are learning to community problems and, at the
    same time, reflecting upon their experience as
    they seek to achieve real objectives for the
    community and deeper understanding and skills for
  • --Eyler Giles, 1999
  • A primary goal of service learning is to get
    students to place their volunteer work in a
    larger social context and to give them an
    opportunity to explore that connection through
    reflection activities.
  • --www.idealist.org

Transnational Advocacy
  • As global civil society tries to compensate for
    the failures of the market and state under
    current forms of globalization, NGOs have been
    restructuring their own work in the context
    created by globalization by forming transnational
  • (Thompson, 2001)
  • Examples of a well-known transnational advocacy
    campaign include the campaign to stop the
    promotion of Nestles infant formula to women in
    the South, and the 1997 treaty to ban land mines,
    which 122 countries signed, largely due to the
    support of 300 NGOs worldwide.
  • (Keck Sikkink, 1998)

Boomerang Pattern Strategy
  • This strategy bypasses the weakened or corrupt
    state when civil society-to-state channels have
    been blocked in order to invoke change either in
    the same state or in a corporation that the state
    of origination could potentially regulate or
    pressure into reform.
  • The boomerang is thrown to foreign states and
    international institutions through collaboration
    with global civil society.
  • The state of origination, as a result, receives
    ever increasing external pressure from the global
    allies of civil society to implement the desired
    policy change, and, thus, the boomerang is

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Global Public Goods
  • "It is not beyond the powers of political
    volition to tip the scales towards more secure
    peace, greater economic well-being, social
    justice and environmental sustainability. But no
    country can achieve these global public goods on
    its own, and neither can the global marketplace.
    Thus our efforts must now focus on the missing
    term of the equation global public goods".
  • Kofi Annan Secretary-General of the United
    Nations New York 1 March 1999

Global Public Goods Framework
  • Global public goods are "public goods with
    benefits that are strongly universal in terms of
    countries, peoples, and generations".
  • The types of global public goods fall under the
    following categories equity and justice, peace
    and security, environment and cultural heritage,
    knowledge and information, health, and market
  • By definition of a pure public good, they must
    be nondepletable, nonrivalrous, and
    nonexcludable, as well as intragenerational and
  • They are either overused, such as the ozone
    layer underused, such as knowledge and
    information or undersupplied, such as peace,
    health, market efficiency, and equity.
  • Their overuse, underuse, and undersupply are a
    result of the free-rider problem running rampant
    under globalization, and the public bads that
    globalization has left in its wake.
  • (Kaul, Grunberg Stern, 1999)

Promotion of Global Public Goods
  • Global public goods are already being promoted by
    socially responsible businesses, NGOs, and
    intergovernmental organizations.
  • The UNDP is the main advocate for this new
    framework, but it is a framework that has been
    readily adopted by NGOs and businesses alike that
    feel cross-sectoral collaborations and this
    adoption of a common framework, or language so to
    speak, are essential to sustainable development.

What the Framework Offers
  • 1) Simple explanations of global social problems
    brought on by the imperfect market and
  • 2) How individual states can work alone and
    together to expand their responsibility of
    providing public goods to the world
  • 3) Corporations and other sectors clear economic
    incentives to implement the solutions it
  • 4) NGOs a uniform mission to successfully network
    and communicate with other sectors
  • 5) A clear presentation of the current weaknesses
    in their provision and
  • 6) An explanation and set of solutions that all
    sectors and cultures can agree on.

The Fourth Position
  • Aid Architecture Reflections of NGDO Futures
    and the Emergence of Counter-Terrorism by Alan
    Fowler (2002)
  • The issue is how to ensure fairness, justice,
    efficiency and effectiveness in development
    relationships that are set to become even more
    complex as government, different businesses,
    various types of civil society organization and
    donors try to collaborate. Each actor has
    combinations of incentives, motivations,
    resources and forms of power that are often at
    odds with those of the others. It is therefore
    difficult to envisage how to bring them together
    to find common and equitable grounds for
    collaboration. (18-19)
  • The essential idea is to draw on but move beyond
    a too-simple three-sector view of society, to a
    more complex understanding of an NGDOs
    grounding, principles of operation, roles and
    embedding in society, a fourth position. In
    other words, while bonded to civil society, they
    use their value-base as a springboard to
    interact with state, market and civil society
    itselfwhich is far from homogenous and is not
    inherently civil or conflict free. They would
    have the competence to speak different sector
    languages and to engage across diverse
    institutional boundaries and foster
    interorganizational linkages. In doing so, the
    challenge is to help others to see how NGDO
    values, expressed through human rights, are
    relevant to everyone in terms of responsible
    global change, long-term institutional viability
    and local to global stability and
    sustainability. (20-21)

Tri-Sectoral Forums
  • The UNDP calls for the increase in tri-sectoral
    forums that include civil society, corporations,
    and states.
  • The UNDP encourages the continuous development of
    concepts and instruments necessary to bolster
    collective action, such as the internalization of
    externalities and to deal with potentially
    contagious phenomena at the source, before they
    spill across borders.
  • (Kaul, Grunberg Stern, 1999)

The Fourth Position at the UN
  • From politics to security to public health,
    from crime to the environment, a growing agenda
    of development issues can no longer be managed
    within the boundaries of any single nation.
    Global, regional and national coalitions for
    action are emerging centred around the United
    Nations indispensable role. The UN can bring
    together governments, civil society,
    multinational corporations and multilateral
    organizations coming together around particular
    issues of concern and looking for innovative ways
    to address them.
  • Mark Malloch Brown, Administrator of UNDP

  • E.N.G.A.G.E.
  • The Educational Network for Global and Grassroots
  • www.Engage-Humanity.org
  • Uses the energy of former study abroad students
    to link communities globally in grassroots action
    for social justice.

Impact Management
  • Transportation Arrangements
  • Learning the Language
  • Community Involvement
  • Cultural Understanding

Transportation Arrangements
  • Routes International - http//www.routesinternatio
  • Environmentally-Friendly Transportation -
  • The Trail Database - www.traildatabase.org
  • Global Gazetteer Version 2.1 - http//www.fallingr
  • Sunrise, sunset, dawn/dusk times - www.gaisma.com
  • Fox Car Rentals - www.foxrentacar.com
  • Carbon Emissions Offset Directory
  • www.ecobusinesslinks.com/carbon_offset_wind_credit
  • Crooked Trails
  • www.crookedtrails.com/carbon.htm
  • Carbon Neutral Travel
  • www.carbonfund.org
  • National Carbon Offset Coalition
  • www.ncoc.us/
  • MyClimate Carbon Offsets
  • www.my-climate.com
  • Carbon Offset Programs
  • www.mongabay.com/10offset.htm

Community Involvement Volunteering
  • Action Without Borders - www.idealist.org
  • AFS - www.afs.org
  • Border Links - www.borderlinks.org
  • BRIDGES - www.grassrootsbridges.org
  • Cosmic Volunteers -www.cosmicvolunteers.org
  • Domoz open directory project - volunteering
    opportunities - http//dmoz.org/Society/Philanthr
  • Domoz open directory project - specialty travel
    volunteering - http//dmoz.org/Recreation/Travel/
  • Institute for International Cooperation and
    Development (IICD) - www.iicd-volunteer.org
  • International Foundation for Education and
    Self-Help (IFESH) - www.ifesh.org
  • International Partnership for Service and
    Learning (IPS-L) - www.ipsl.org
  • International Volunteer Expeditions (IVEX) -
  • Our Developing World - www.magiclink.net/odw
  • SCI-IVS USA (Service Civil International-Internati
    onal Voluntary Service) - www.sci-ivs.org
  • Visions in Action - www.visionsinaction.org
  • Voluntary Service Overseas (VSO) -
  • World Capitals Program of American University -
  • World Neighbors - www.wn.org
  • World PULSE - www.worldpulse.org

Human Rights Calendar
  • February 21 - International Mother Language Day
  • April 7 - World Health Day (WHO)
  • May 1 - International Workers Day
  • May 3 - World Press Freedom Day (UNESCO)
  • May 15 - International Day of Families
  • June 5 - World Environment Day (UNEP)
  • June 20 - World Refugee Day
  • August 7 - Transgender International Rights and
    Education Day
  • August 9 - International Day of Indigenous People
  • September 16 - International Day for the
    Preservation of the Ozone Layer
  • October 17 - International Day for the
    Eradication of Poverty
  • November 9 - Kristallnacht, International Day
    Against Fascism Anti-Semitism
  • November 11 - International Day of Science and
  • November 20 - Universal Childrens Day
  • December 1 - World AIDS Day (WHO)
  • December 2 - International Day for the Abolition
    of Slavery
  • December 3 - International Day of Disabled
  • December 5 - International Volunteer Day for
    Economic and Social Development
  • December 10 - Human Rights Day
  • December 29 - International Day for Biological

United Nations Human Rights information
Linguistic Human Rights
  • Edward T. Hall--A Great-Grandfather of NLP by
    Brian Van der Hor -www.cs.ucr.edu/gnick/bvdh/edwa
  • Journal of Intercultural Communication -
  • Intermundo - http//intermundo.net/
  • CorpusEye - www.corp.hum.sdu.dk
  • Corpus Linguistics - www.athel.com/corpus.html
  • Endangered Language Fund - http//sapir.ling.yale.
  • Ethnologue Database - www.sil.org/ethnologue
  • Ethnologue Languages of the World Online -
  • Foreign Languages and Culture -
  • The Human-Languages Page - http//ilovelanguages.

Sustainable Travel
  • Nature Conservancys Ecotourism Publications
  • http//nature.org/aboutus/travel/ecotourism/resour
  • National Geographic
  • www.nationalgeographic.com/travel/sustainable/
  • Tourism Concern
  • www.tourismconcern.org.uk
  • Sustainable Travel International
  • www.sustainabletravel.com/
  • International Society of Travel Medicine
  • www.istm.org/
  • Educational Travel Community
  • www.travelearning.com/rsp_tourism/responsible_tour
  • Manaca
  • www.Manaca.com
  • Business Enterprises for Sustainable Travel
  • www.sustainabletravel.org/
  • Envirolink
  • www.envirolink.org/index.html
  • The International Ecotourism Society
  • http//ecotourism.org/index2.php?home
  • Responsible Travel
  • www.responsibletravel.com
  • Ecological Footprint Network
  • www.footprintnetwork.org
  • International Centre for Responsible Travel
  • www.icrt.org

  • Informative Resources
  • Independent Media Resources
  • Media Resources by Country
  • Monitoring Agencies

Independent Media Resources
  • Alternative Radio - www.alternativeradio.org
  • Alternet - www.alternet.org
  • Centre for Research on Globalization -
  • Common Dreams - www.commondreams.org
  • Consortium for Independent Journalism, The -
  • Envirolink Network - http//envirolink.netforchang
  • Environmental Media Services - www.ems.org
  • Foreign Policy in Focus - Institute for Policy
    Studies - www.foreignpolicy-infocus.org
  • Global Issues - www.globalissues.org
  • Global Spin - www.globalspin.org Inequality.org -
  • International Action Center - www.iacenter.org
  • IPS (Inter Press Service) - www.ips.org
  • New Internationalist - www.newint.org
  • Progressive Response - www.foreginpolicy-infocus.o
  • PR Watch - www.prwatch.org
  • Radio for Change - www.workingforchange.com
  • TruthOut.com- www.truthout.com
  • ZNET - www.zmag.weluser.htm

Media Resources by Country
  • NewsLink - www.newslink.org
  • ABYZ News Links - www.abyznewslinks.com
  • NewsMax.com - www.newsmax.com
  • News and Newspapers Online - http//library.uncg.e
  • The Flying Inkpot presents Inkternational News
    Links - http//inkpot.com/news/
  • Yahoo! News Directory by Countries -
  • Nettizen.com Newspaper Directory -
  • Worldpress.org - www.worldpress.org/
  • OnLineNewspapers.com - www.onlinenewspapers.com/
  • Harvard College Library Newspapers on Microfilm
    Collection - http//hcl.harvard.edu/libraries/wide
  • Progressive Exchange - www.progressiveexchange.com
  • Tourism Offices Worldwide Directory -
  • Worldwide Free Travel - http//desteo.dotlogix.com

Monitoring Agencies
  • US State Department Travel Info -
  • United Nations Commission on Human Rights -
  • United Nations Development Programme -
  • United Nations Millennium Project Development
    Goals - www.unmillenniumproject.org/reports/index.
  • Human Rights Watch - www.hrw.org
  • Earth Rights International - www.earthrights.org
  • Amnesty International - www.amnesty.org
  • Footprint Network - www.footprintnetwork.org
  • World Wildlife Fund - www.wwf.org
  • KnowMore - www.knowmore.org
  • Earth Watch Institute - www.earthwatch.org
  • Womens International League for Peace and
    Freedom (WILPF) - www.wilpf.org

Recommended Literature
  • Alternatives to the Peace Corps A Directory of
    Third World and U.S. Volunteer Opportunities
  • 9th Edition, edited by Joan Powell (Food First
    Books, 2000)
  • Global Citizen A Guide to Creating an
    International Life and Career for Students,
    Professionals, Retirees, Families
  • By Elizabeth Kruempelmann (Ten Speed Press, 2002)
  • How to Live You Dream of Volunteering Overseas
  • by Joseph Collins,Stefano Dezerega, Zahara
    Heckscher, Anna Lappe (2002)
  • So, You Want to Join the Peace Corps…What to Know
    Before You Go
  • Dillon Banerjee (Ten Speed Press, 2000)
  • The Back Door Guide to Short-Term Job Adventures
    Internships, Extraordinary Experiences, Seasonal
    Jobs, Volunteering, Work Abroad
  • by Michael Landers (Ten Speed Press, 2000)
  • The International Directory of Volunteer Work
  • 7th Edition by Louise Whetter and Victoria Pybus
    (Vacation Work, 2000)
  • Volunteer Vacations Short-Term Adventures that
    Will Benefit You and Others
  • 7th Edition, by Bill McMillon Edward Asner
    (Chicago Review Press, 1999)

Program Choices
  • General Resources
  • IDEALIST (Action Without Borders)
  • www.idealist.org
  • International Volunteer Programs Association
  • www.volunteerinternational.org
  • Volunteer Abroad
  • www.volunteerabroad.com
  • Global Exchange
  • www.globalexchange.com
  • Education Travel Seminar to Two-Thirds World
    Center for Global Education at Augsburg College
  • www.augsber.edu/global

Program Choices
  • Archeology Options
  • Council on International Educational Exchange
  • www.ciee.org
  • University Research Expeditions Program (UREP)
  • http//urep.ucdavis.edu
  • Business and Economic Development
  • Citizens Democracy Corps (CDC)/MBA Enterprise
  • www.cdc.org
  • The International Executive Service Corps (IESC)
  • www.iesc.org
  • United Nations Volunteer Program (UNV)
  • www.unv.org

Program Choices
  • Community Development
  • Council on International Educational Exchange
  • www.ciee.org
  • Cross Cultural Solutions
  • www.crossculturalsolutions.org
  • Global Routes
  • www.globalroutes.org
  • Service Civil International International
    Voluntary Service (SCI-IVS USA)
  • www.sci-ivs.org
  • Cultural Programs
  • Amizade
  • www.amizade.org
  • Global Citizens Network
  • www.globalcitizens.org
  • Kibbutz Program Center
  • www.kibbutzprogramcenter.org

Program Choices
  • Environmental Protection Research
  • Coral Cay Conservation (CCC) Expedition
  • www.coralcay.org
  • Earthwatch Institute
  • www.earhtwatch.org
  • Global Service Corps/Earth Island Institute
  • www.globalservicecorps.org
  • Health Programs
  • Doctors Without Borders/Medecins Sans Frontieres
  • www.doctorswithoutborders.org
  • Health Volunteers Overseas (HVO)
  • www.hvousa.org
  • Peaceworks Medical Volunteer Program
  • www.peacework.org

Program Choices
  • Humanitarian Relief Service
  • Concern America
  • www.concernamerica.org
  • Habitat for Humanity International (HFHI)
  • www.habitat.org
  • Heifer Project International (HPI)
  • www.heifer.org
  • Interaction American Council for Voluntary
    International Action
  • www.interaction.org
  • United Nations Volunteers
  • www.unv.org/unvols
  • Volunteers for Peace, Inc. (VFP) International
  • www.vfp.org
  • Volunteering Online
  • Netaid.org Foundation
  • www.netaid.org
  • Volunteers in Technical Assistance (VITA)
  • www.vita.org
  • Global Genie
  • www.greentravel.org
  • globalgenie_at_aol.com

Fundraising Possibilities www.fundraising-ideas.or
  • Cookie Dough
  • Candy, Chocolate, Etc.
  • Candles, Soaps, Scents Lotions
  • Catalogs Brochures
  • Holiday Items Collectibles
  • Discount Cards Books
  • First Aid Safety Products
  • Cookbooks
  • Sell Used Computers
  • Special Events
  • Spirit, Logo Personalized Items
  • Car Wash
  • Yard Work
  • Painted Tiles
  • Sell Used CDs
  • Flowers, Bulbs, Trees Plants
  • Stationery Calendars
  • Magazines Books
  • Bake Sale
  • Garage Sale
  • Religious Group Collaboration
  • Snacks, Gourmet Foods, Etc.
  • T-Shirts Other Apparel
  • Paint Houses
  • Give a Class or Seminar
  • Store Donations
  • Airlines Discounts

Raising Funds
  • Sources
  • Campus Groups
  • Civic Groups
  • Local Companies
  • Heritage Groups
  • Alumni Associations
  • Media Organizations
  • Sister Cities
  • Friends, Family, Neighbors, and Colleagues
  • Tips for Letters
  • Be Direct, Personal, and Courteous
  • Explain Clearly How the Funds Will Be Used
  • Offer Something Valuable to the Recipient
  • Include a Photo of Yourself in Your Letter
  • Stay Persistent, Determined, and Positive

Accumulate Frequent-Flier Miles
  • 1. Sign up to be a member on every airline that
    you fly.
  • 2. Try to book your ticket on the airlines
  • 3. Get a mileage earning credit card.
  • 4. Utilize financial institutions offers to
    earn miles.
  • 5. Use a long-distance company linked with an
  • 6. Buy online with companies linked to airlines.
  • 7. Track your miles through www.maxmiles.com.
  • 8. Watch Internet for bargains.
  • 9. Use your frequent-flier credit card to
    purchase tickets.
  • 10. Manage your miles with www.webflyer.com.

All Aboard!
  • Food Drink
  • Wayside Shelter
  • Money to Go
  • Travel Papers
  • Telecommunications
  • Travel Gear
  • Travelers Health
  • Weather Worldwide
  • Fundraising for Travel
  • Discounts
  • Study Options
  • Work Options

  • Rub the Lamp! Contact Us…
  • Global Genie, Inc.
  • PO Box 58595
  • Nashville, TN 37205
  • www.GreenTravel.org
  • globalgenie_at_aol.com
  • 1.800.94.GENIE
  • Fuel the Lamp! Make a Donation…
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