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Middle East

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SAT3/WASC/SAFE is the major subsea artery circling the ... ADSL, cable, 3G, Wi-Fi, Wi-Max provide the always-on. 21. IPv6 Forum. What drives IP Convergence? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Middle East


1
Middle East Africa v6 Efforts
  • Feb 2006
  • Latif Ladid

Thanks to Yves Poppe for his excellent work in
Africa Dir. IP Strategy Teleglobe
2
IPv6 Forum Chapters MEA (3)
Morocco
UAE
UAE
Nigeria
Bangladesh
under formation
under formation
Uganda, Kenia, South Africa
Uganda, Kenia, South Africa
Uganda, Kenia, South Africa
3
Political Goodwill
Itidal Hasoon
Co-chair
MEA IPv6 Task Force
United Arab
Emirates Feb
2001 Mar 2005
Crown Prince Sheikh Ahmed Bin Saeed Al Maktoum
4
Political Goodwill
Adel Gaaloul
Chair
Tunisian IPv6 Task Force
Tunisia April 2004
Minister of Communications
5
Political Goodwill
Baher Esmat
Chair
Egyptian IPv6 Task Force
Egypt Sep 2004
Minister of Communications Dr. Tarek Kamel
6
Political Goodwill
Adiel A. Akplogan CEO
AfriNIC Ltd
7
Political Goodwill
Dr. Tarek Kamel
Honorary Chair
MEA IPv6 Task Force
M E A IPv6 Task Force
Co-Chairs

AFRICA May 2005
8
International subsea Cable capacity
SAT3/WASC/SAFE is the major subsea artery
circling the continent design capacity of 120gb
on SAT3 The missing link has been the African
Eastcoast. This will be
solved with EASSy EASSy will connect into
Seamewe4 SAS-1 will connect Port Sudan and Jeddah
9
EASSy the missing link
Currently US200 million confirmed from 26
investors including Teleglobe
8840 km 2 fiber pair collapsed ring Design
capacity 640Gb RFS Q2 2007 See
http//eassy.org/
10
Regional terrestrial cables systems
  • Comesa Comtel project
  • 21 national telecom operators
  • Comafrica Com-7 project
  • SADC SRII project

11
Easier via satellite?
  • Canadas IDRC recent studies indicate
  • Prohibitions on VSAT hamper the roll out of
    telecom infrastructure, and high license
    fees make VSAT inaccessible for
    most of the smaller institutions
    which comprise 90 of the private and
    non- governmental sector in
    Africa.
  • Paren report IP bandwidth in Africa up to
    50 times more
    expensive than in America

12
Internet in Africa
  • Healthy growth in percentage terms

13
Internet in Africa
  • Healthy growth in absolute terms

Internet bandwidth connected to African locations
across international borders Data as of mid 2005
Top  overseas  connectivity
14
Fast growth in number of internet users
Source ITU updated nov 2005
15
Internet exchanges in Africa
An increasing number of internet exchanges is
essential to the growth of the internet in Africa
and to prepare the continent for the upcoming IP
convergence Too much African content is hosted
outside the continent. IXs would be ideal
locations for initial deployment and support of
both IPv4 and IPv6
Source nsrc status june 2005
16
Africa goes mobile
67 million mobile phones
31 million fixed line phones
Mobile and fixed subscribers per 100 inhabitants
source ITU
17
Africa started on the path to 3G!
Source GSMA number of WCDMA connections Note
that ITU estimates 67 million mobile phone users
for Africa by end 2005 up from 61.2 million year
before
18
Africas routes to WLANs
  • Wi-fi?
  • Knysna, S.A. Africa's first Municipal Wi-Fi
    Broadband Network offers VoIP and Internet Access
    (allAfrica.com nov 7th)
  • Wifinder (see http//www.wifinder.com/ ) lists
    African wi-fi hotspots for Egypt, Ghana, Morocco,
    Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, Tunisia
  • WiMax?
  • ZTE to install a 3 city Wi-Max for Angolas
    Mundostartel
  • Alvarion to install Wi-max in Kinshasa
  • Telkom SA trial Wi-Max
  • Intel, is expanding to Nigeria and Kenya to beef
    up its African business and hopes WiMax wireless
    technology will be launched commercially on the
    continent this year.

Etc, etc..
19
The IPv6 factor
  • Toward IP converged telecommunications
  • First opportunity for upgrade to a new and
    improved protocol version and address scheme
    since 01/1983
  • Prerequisite to make IP Convergence and related
    service and revenue opportunities a reality.
  • Inflexion point in the evolution of
    telecommunications
  • Early mover advantage in the foodchain.
  • IP Governance was major issue at recent WSIS.

20
What does IPv6 bring to the table?
  • Neighbour discovery
  • Ad-Hoc networking
  • Home networks
  • Plug and play
  • Auto configuration
  • Permanent addresses
  • Identity (CLID)
  • Traceability (RFID)
  • Sensors and monitoring
  • Solves address shortage
  • Restores p2p
  • Mobility
  • Better spectrum utilization
  • Better battery life!
  • Security
  • Ipsec mandatory
  • Multicast

ADSL, cable, 3G, Wi-Fi, Wi-Max provide the
always-on
21
What drives IP Convergence?
  • Application domains
  • Mobile IP and 3G
  • Voice, radio, TV over IP
  • Grid, Infiniband
  • Massive multiplayer games
  • RFID, control and sensor networks
  • Microsoft
  • Critical mass of
  • digital communicating end-user devices
  • high speed always on access
  • National policies
  • Research and Education networks
  • National Defense
  • National/regional policies and economic weight

Disruptive on most existing carrier business
models
22
Should Africa start to move now?
  • Yes!
  • IP convergence will impacts many aspects of human
    activities and practically all industries
  • Periods of rapid change give a chance to leapfrog
    to new technologies and close development and
    economic gaps.
  • Transition to IPv6 is one of the essential
    ingredients to reap the economic benefits of this
    new converged world.
  • The continent started the transition already
  • The Research and Education Community and some
    progressive carriers show the way

23
Egypts RE Community will be ready
  • September 26th
  • Juniper announces that MCIT (Egyptian Ministry of
    Communication and Information Technology) has
    selected them to build a nationwide IPv6 network
    for the EUN and National Research Centers.

24
African RE Community
  • Virtual University Concept
  • Ideal in very distributed geographies
    such as Africa or Canada
  • Dependent on quality end to end
    telecommunications
  • Perfect use of RE networks
  • AFUNET initiative should consider
    dual stack IPv4/IPv6 networking
    from the start
  • AFUNET will connect to their IPv4/IPv6 enabled
    counterparts Géant, Internet2, APAN

25
v6 Trial Networks
Khawarizmi-v6
Morocco
UAE
UAE
Nigeria
Bangladesh
under formation
Uganda, Kenia, South Africa
Uganda, Kenia, South Africa
Uganda, Kenia, South Africa
26
Khawarizmi and 6Mandela projects
  • The Khawarizmi concept was first presented at the
    Egyptian IPv6 Summit in May 2005 and suggested to
    expand it to Africa with 6Mandela
  • The main idea was
  • Negotiate consensus and approval of
    carriers/ISPs involved, this under the auspices
    of national and regional IPv6 fora, with support
    of national Ministries of Information
    Technologies
  • Set up a budget for the acquisition of tunnel
    brokers where required
  • Start with a core of two, preferably three
    countries to demonstrate ease of feasibility and
    trigger a domino effect.
  • Consider some applications (i.a. mobile IPv6 push
    service )

27
M6BONE
28
Tunnelbroker IPv6 connectivity in the Arab World
as catalyst for
Khawarizmi project
Other Tier 1 IPV6 networks
Teleglobe IPV4 network
Teleglobe IPV6 network
Teleglobe IPV4 router(s)
Teleglobe 6PE router(s)
IPV6 over IPV4 tunnels
Planned connectivity to
Yemen Telecom (PTC)
KACST
29
Path to IPv6 Teleglobe case study
  • Major points of consideration
  • Speed of transition to pervasive IPv6? major
    unknown
  • Need for a positive customer IPv6 experience.
  • Customer exposure to IPv6 from nil to advanced.
  • Approach minimizing investment and operational
    risk
  • Quality native peering with the IPv6 world using
    dedicated routers at multiple sites in
    North-America, Europe and Asia.
  • MPLS transport through the core
  • Customer access
  • Teleglobe provided IPv6 over IPv4 Hexago tunnel
    broker using TSP (Tunnel Set-up Protocol) with
    AAA
  • Native IPv6 access to Teleglobe Cisco 6PE enabled
    dual-stack access routers.
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