Whats the Point of Getting the Flu Shot - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Whats the Point of Getting the Flu Shot

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October to April is generally considered flu season in Canada.The ... Severe muscle aches. and pain. Extreme fatigue and. weakness. Chills. Dry cough. Sweating ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Whats the Point of Getting the Flu Shot


1
Whats the Point of Getting the Flu Shot?
2
Its That Time of Year Again
  • October to April is generally considered flu
    season in Canada.The flu is easy to catch and
    easy to spread during this time.Thats because we
    spend more time indoors where we work and live in
    close proximity to one another.

3
What Is the Flu?
  • The flu, or influenza, is an infection in the
    upper respiratory tract caused by the influenza
    virus. While most people recover fully, it can
    lead to more severe and life-threatening
    illnesses, such as pneumonia.

4
Flu Symptoms
Typically, the flu causes the following symptoms
  • Sudden high fever (38 40 C)
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Severe muscle aches and pain
  • Extreme fatigue andweakness
  • Chills
  • Dry cough
  • Sweating
  • Sometimes a sore throat,runny nose, nasal
    congestion and sneezing (not to be confused with
    having a cold)

5
How Can You Prevent the Flu?
  • Although having a healthy lifestyle, such as
    eating well, being active, and getting adequate
    sleep all help to protect you, it may not be
    enough to prevent you from catching the flu.

6
How Can You Prevent the Flu?
  • The best way is to receive an annual vaccination.
    A different flu vaccine is developed every year
    because the common flu virus changes over the
    course of a year.

7
Protect Yourself and Protect Others
  • As more people are vaccinated, the influenza
    virus has less chance to multiply and circulate.
    Protecting yourself can also benefit those around
    you who may be at risk of severe complications
    from influenza.

8
Flu Vaccine Safety
  • The flu vaccine is very safe. But, like any
    medication, there can be side effects. Some may
    have soreness, redness, or swelling where the
    shot was given. Less common side effects are
    headaches and muscle pains.
  • As a precaution, people are asked to remain at
    the clinic for 20 minutes following vaccination
    to assess any side effects that may occur.

9
Flu Vaccine Effectiveness
70-90
  • The flu shot is very effective. As with any
    vaccine, vaccination may not protect 100 but it
    has been shown to prevent illness in
    approximately 70-90 of healthy adults and
    children.

10
Does the Flu Vaccine Cause the Flu?
  • The flu vaccine cannot cause the flu because the
    vaccine contains inactive virus. However, some
    vaccinated people may still get the flu but
    usually with milder symptoms, or they might get
    another strain of influenza that the vaccine was
    not made to protect against.

11
Who Should Get the Flu Shot?
  • The flu shot is recommended for almost everyone.
    It is especially important for persons who have
    or fit the following conditions
  • Chronic heart or lung disease
  • Diabetes or other metabolic disease, cancer,
    kidney disease, or a weakened immune system

12
Who Should Get the Flu Shot?
  • Six months to 18 years on long-term treatment
    with acetylsalicyclic acid (ASA)
  • Lives, works, or volunteers in a nursing home,
    chronic care facility, retirement home, or other
    healthcare setting (including children)
  • Emergency service workers
  • Travelling to places where the flu virus is
    likely present

13
Important Notes
  • Anyone over the age of 6 months can be
    immunized.
  • The flu vaccine is safe for women who are
    pregnant or breastfeeding.  

14
Who Should NOT Get the Flu Shot?
  • People who have had an anaphlylactic reaction to
    a previous dose.
  • People who have a severe allergy to eggs (chicken
    eggs are used to produce this vaccine). A
    reaction can be hives, swelling of the mouth and
    throat, difficulty breathing, low blood pressure,
    and shock.
  • Children under 6 months of age because the
    vaccine does not work well in this age group.
  • People who have a fever on the day scheduled for
    a flu shot should wait until the fever has gone.  

15
Flu Shots in Windsor-Essex County
  • In Ontario, flu vaccines are free to all
    residents.
  • To receive your free flu shot, contact your
    physician or attend one of the community flu
    clinics that will take place in late Fall 2006
    in Windsor-Essex.
  • The schedule for flu vaccine community clinics
    will be posted on the Windsor-Essex County
    Health Unit website in the near future.
  • www.wechealthunit.org

16
  • In addition to getting an annual flu shot and
    staying healthy,you can play an active role in
    preventing the spread of the flu virusas well as
    many other germs, by doing the following

17
Wash Hands Frequently
  • Fifteen to twenty seconds of handwashing with
    warm water and soap helps remove germs.
  • Remember to wash
  • before and after eating
  • after using the bathroom
  • after coughing or sneezing
  • after touching surfaces that may have been
    contaminated by other people.

18
Cover up When Coughing or Sneezing
  • Use a tissue or cough and sneeze into your elbow
    or arm, not your hand.
  • This significantly reduces the number of airborne
    droplets and helps keep your hands clean.

19
Keep Shared Surfaces Clean
  • Regular cleaning and disinfecting of these
    surfaces at home and at work can help reduce the
    spread of germs
  • Telephones
  • Keyboards
  • Desk surfaces
  • Kitchen and bathroom counters
  • Doorknobs
  • Light switches

20
  • For more information on the flu vaccine
    (including the differences between the seasonal
    flu and the avian or bird flu), immunization, and
    reducing the spread of disease-causing germs,
    visit the following websites

21
Key References
  • Public Health Agency of Canada. (2002). Canadian
    immunization guide, 6th edition. Retrieved August
    30, 2006, from http//www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publica
    t/cig-gci/index.htmltoc)
  •  
  • Canadian Coalition for Immunization Awareness and
    Promotion. (2006). Influenza. Retrieved September
    26, 2006, from http//www.immunize.cpha.ca/english
    /influen.htm

22
  • Latest HealthIssues newsletter
  • Infection Protection
  •  
  • Latest brochure
  • Washing Your Hands of Germs
  • Other electronic presentation
  • Misconceptions About Vaccine Safety

23
Windsor-Essex County Health Unit 360 Fairview
Ave. West, Suite 215 Essex, Ontario N8M
3G4 519-258-2146 x 3100 www.wechealthunit.org Win
dsor Office 1005 Ouellette Avenue, Windsor,
Ontario N9A 4J8 Leamington Office 215 Talbot
Street East, Leamington, Ontario N8H 3X5
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