Violent Crimes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Violent Crimes

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Offences know to the police. Traditional forms vs. new forms' of violence ... Abduction: Kidnapping and hostage taking (ss. 280-283, & 179.1. Rate stable (3-4/100,000) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Violent Crimes


1
Violent Crimes
  • To all of us crime seems like violence K.
    Menninger, 68157.

2
Introduction
  • Media a barometer of public interest
  • Violent crime a type of conventional crime
  • Offences know to the police
  • Traditional forms vs. new forms of violence
  • Involves emotional and/or physical harm of
    another person

3
  • Violent crime (VC) increase or decreasing? (Table
    9-1)
  • Internationally VC rates generally
  • Lower, but WHY?
  • Demographics, economics, homogeneity, legislation
    (guns), and social structures

4
Homicide
  • S. 222 and four sub-categories
  • 1st degree
  • 2nd degree
  • Manslaughter
  • Infanticide
  • Rates vary little 1.25 66 vs. 3.02 75
  • Etiology escalating manslaughter rate vs.
    increasing number of males?

5
Why do people kill?
  • Social interaction and conflict vs.,
  • Social disorganization and inequality, vs.
  • Psychiatric disorders on the increase, vs.
  • Biological factors.
  • Need to recognize complexity of human behaviour

6
Patterns, Trends, and Characteristics
  • Nearly 80 solution rate
  • Nearly 90 by someone known to the victim
  • Nearly 50 of homicides involved
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Domestic violence
  • Males commit 2/3 of all homicides, but
  • Women and infanticide (Ch. 13)

7
Homicide and Method
  • Your answer is
  • Stabbing and beating
  • ? Role of gun control legislation (Marc Lepine)
  • Role of capital punishment. What do you think?

8
Other facts
  • Homicides by youth fluctuating
  • Represent approx. 11 of all homicides
  • Explanations unclear
  • Regional variations
  • British Columbia vs. Newfoundland
  • Why?
  • Role of economic deprivation and inequality?

9
Sexual Assault
  • S. 266 and three levels
  • Common assault
  • Degree of force or threatened force
  • Aggravated assault
  • Level 1 up while levels 2 and 3 down why?
  • Social, economic, political status reporting
    patterns Lobby groups, etc.

10
  • Role of alcohol
  • Women under 18 yrs of age
  • Date rape and date drugs (Box 9.9)
  • casual acquaintance
  • Influence of social attitudes and social policies
  • Data still requires refinement

11
  • Does violence breed violence
  • Parents and their off-spring?
  • Role of social learning model
  • Biological predisposition
  • Varied explanations
  • Social policy!?
  • New forms elderly abuse date rape adolescent
    sex offenders, etc.

12
Robbery
  • one of the most feared crimes common to large
    urban centres
  • S. 343 violence or property?
  • Declining in recent years
  • Popular target
  • Commercial establishments
  • Private residence
  • Role of a weapon

13
Etiology
  • High unemployment
  • Reduced opportunities
  • Opportunistic vs. impulse robberies
  • Rational choice theory
  • Regular alcohol and/or drug use
  • Robbery double edged sword loss of property
    and risk of injury
  • Robin Hood phenomena

14
New Forms of Violence
  • Abduction
  • Kidnapping and hostage taking (ss. 280-283,
    179.1.
  • Rate stable (3-4/100,000)
  • Contravening custody orders
  • Divorce and social problems
  • Hate crime
  • Ss. 318-320
  • Thrill-seeking vs. reactive hate vs. mission hate
    crimes

15
  • culture conflict
  • Stalking
  • S. 423(1) as of 1993
  • Types of stalkers
  • Celebrity to scorned and political
  • ? Cyberstalkers
  • 1997 proposed new legislation

16
  • Terrorism
  • NO specific section in the Criminal Code
  • Relative and evolutive concept
  • convictional criminal
  • Typologies
  • Dichotomous vs. three-tiered model
  • Control!? (FLQ, IRA, PLO, etc.)

17
Summary
  • Wide and varied in their methods and means
  • Common denominator element of violence
  • Descriptive information must be met with
    theoretical understanding
  • Single disciplinary perspectives and legalistic
    approaches - limited

18
Bye for now.
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