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Students as Directors of Their Own Learning

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Undoing Changes. Choose Edit Undo to remove your last change. ... Choose File Revert to Saved to undo all of the changes made to a project since ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Students as Directors of Their Own Learning


1
Students as Directors of Their Own Learning
  • using iMovie to create truly authentic learning

2
Basic Vocabulary
  • Get to know the basics

3
Video Clips
  • Video clips are segments of footage that you
    select and manipulate in iMovie HD as you build
    and edit your movie.
  • If you copy a section of video, or separate the
    audio from one piece of your footage and paste it
    elsewhere, those pieces are also called clips.??
  • Information about a clip is shown at the top of
    each clip in the clip viewer and the Clips pane.
    The number in the top-left corner of the clip
    indicates its length in minutes secondsframes.

4
Frames
  • A single still image in a video clip is called a
    "frame."
  • Movies are made up of a series of frames.
  • When you move the playhead to a frame, the
    frame's location in the movie is displayed above
    the playhead.
  • The location 010815 shows that the frame occurs
    1 minute, 8 seconds, and 15 frames into the
    movie.??
  • The number of movie frames (or images) that flash
    across the screen each second as you watch a
    movie is called the frames per second (fps), or
    "frame rate."

5
Clip Viewer
  • The clip viewer below the iMovie monitor displays
    clips in the order that they will appear in your
    movie.
  • It gives you a simple, straightforward view of
    the clip sequences and transitions used in your
    movie.
  • You can easily drag clips to rearrange them or
    add clips to the clip viewer by dragging them
    from the Clips pane.
  • You can also drag video files from the Finder
    desktop into the Clip viewer.

6
Clip Viewer
7
Timeline Viewer
  • The timeline viewer below the iMovie monitor
    displays the movie's video track and two audio
    tracks.
  • Use the timeline viewer to position and edit
    audio and video.
  • The three tracks allow you to add and manipulate
    multiple layers of sound, including the sound
    contained in the video clips.

8
Timeline Viewer
9
Scrubber Bar
  • The scrubber bar below the iMovie monitor
    represents the total length of a selected clip.
  • A playhead appears at the top of the scrubber
    bar.
  • You can drag the playhead along the scrubber bar
    to browse the frames, or "scrub," in your movie. ?

10
Scrubber Bar
  • When you hold the pointer under the scrubber bar,
    crop markers appear.
  • You use the crop markers to select frames in a
    clip.
  • The selected frames are represented by a yellow
    shaded area in the scrubber bar.?

11
Playhead
  • The triangular control that appears in the
    scrubber bar and at the top of the timeline
    viewer is called the "playhead." Its position
    corresponds to the frame in the clip that is
    displayed in the iMovie monitor.
  • As you play a movie, the playhead moves along the
    scrubber bar and timeline indicating the frames
    being displayed.?

12
Crop Markers
  • Crop markers appear under the scrubber bar
    whenever you select a clip and hold the pointer
    just under the scrubber bar.
  • You use crop markers to select part of a video
    clip.
  • Drag them left or right to mark the beginning and
    end of the part that you want to crop, copy, or
    trim.
  • You can also select and apply video effects to a
    portion of a clip.
  • You can use the crop markers to select video in a
    single clip or across several clips. ?

13
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14
Clip Information
  • The Clip Info window appears when you choose Show
    Info from the File menu. You can use the Clip
    Info window to
  • Change the name of the clip
  • Find out how much disk space the clip takes up
  • Find out the date and time the clip was captured
  • See the duration of a clip

15
Clip Information
16
Clips Pane
  • When you first import video, your footage appears
    in the Clips pane.
  • You can select and play clips in the Clips pane
    to initially review the footage you have.
  • You can easily delete unwanted clips by dragging
    clips to the iMovie Trash or selecting them and
    pressing Delete.
  • You can also split clips and do initial trimming
    and cropping of footage in the Clips pane to
    prepare the footage for finer editing later in
    the clip viewer or timeline viewer.
  • You can rename clips and rearrange them to
    organize them as you plan your project.

17
Clips Pane
  • Drag clips from the Clips pane to the clip viewer
    to add them to your movie.
  • You can also Option-drag a clip from the Clips
    pane to copy the clip into your movie, leaving
    the original still available in the Clips pane.
  • You can remove clips from your movie by dragging
    them from the clip viewer back to the Clips pane
    or into the iMovie Trash.
  • You can also drag clips to your desktop for use
    in other applications or to copy them into
    another iMovie HD project.

18
Clips Pane
19
Direct Trimming
  • You can use direct trimming in the timeline
    viewer to trim audio and video clips quickly and
    with fewer steps.
  • When you place the pointer near one end of the
    clip and drag toward the center, you trim the
    clip with one move.
  • The trimmed video is still present, but hidden,
    so you can drag the end of the clip in and out
    until you have it exactly as you want.
  • The trimmed part of the clip is preserved.?

20
Direct Trimming
  • You can also trim adjacent clips in a similar
    way.
  • If you place the pointer near the center of the
    clip, you can drag the clip without trimming any
    of it.
  • As you drag toward an adjacent clip, all the
    adjoining clips move (or "ripple") along with it.
  • But, if you hold down the Command key as you
    drag, you overwrite the adjacent clip with the
    clip you're moving.
  • In this way, you can extend or move a clip and
    remove adjoining footage in the same move.?

21
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22
Getting Started
23
iMovie
  • When you open iMovie HD, three options appear
  • Create a new project
  • Open an existing project
  • Create a Magic iMovie

24
Starting a New Project
  • In most cases, when you start a new project, you
    don't need to choose a video format.
  • iMovie HD can automatically detect whether you're
    importing footage from a standard definition
    (DV), high definition (HDV), or Apple iSight
    camera.
  • However, if you need to, you can choose the
    appropriate format for your video. ?

25
Importing Media
  • Importing video, audio, and still images

26
Importing Video, Audio, Images
  • You can import audio, video, and still images to
    use in your movie.
  • Importing an image or clip can be as easy as
    dragging it into your movie from the desktop.
  • Or you can use the Import command to select and
    import clips and images.
  • You can also copy and paste clips between movies.?

27
Using the Import Command
  • Choose File gt Import
  • Select the file you want to import
  • Click Open

28
Supported Formats
  • iMovie HD supports importing video in common
    formats, such as standard definition and wide
    screen formats (NTSC and PAL), high definition
    formats (HDV 720p and 1080i), MPEG-4, and clips
    from Apple's iSight camera.
  • Audio files must be in AIFF format or another
    format that works with QuickTime.

29
Importing a Clip from Another iMovie Project
  • Open the project you want to copy clips from
  • Select the clips and choose Edit gt Copy
  • Open the iMovie presentation you want to copy the
    clips into
  • Choose Edit gt Paste

30
Supported Video Formats
  • DV NTSC
  • DV PAL
  • DV NTSC Widescreen
  • DV PAL Widescreen
  • MPEG 4
  • iSight
  • HDV 720p
  • HDV 1080i

31
To Specify a Video Format
  • Choose File gt New Project or click the Create New
    Project button in the Project window
  • In the Create Project dialog, click the Video
    format triangle to display format options
  • Choose the video format options you want
  • Click Create

32
Setting a Default Frame Rate
  • Different video formats may use different frame
    rates.
  • For example, standard definition video in NTSC
    format uses a frame rate of 29.97 frames per
    second, whereas PAL format uses a frame rate of
    25 frames per second.
  • High definition video may use 29.97 or 25 frames
    per second depending on the specific format of
    the video camera.

33
Setting a Default Frame Rate
  • Choose iMovie HD gt Preferences
  • Click on the General icon
  • Select a frame rate from the New Project frame
    rate pop-up menu

34
Setting a Default Frame Rate
35
Adding Photos from iPhoto Library
  • Click the Photos button
  • Choose and album from the pop-up menu
  • Select a photo from the photos displayed in the
    Photos pane and drag it

36
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37
Working with Clips
  • Editing video clips

38
Selecting Part of a Video Clip
  • Select the clip (or clips).
  • Drag the crop markers below the scrubber bar to
    mark the beginning and end of the section you
    want to select.
  • To move the crop marker one frame at a time,
    select a crop marker by Shift-clicking or
    dragging it and then press the Left or Right
    Arrow key.
  • To move the marker ten frames at a time, hold
    down Shift as you click the arrow keys.

39
Cropping Video Clips
  • You can crop a clip by selecting it in the Clips
    pane, clip viewer, or timeline viewer and
    dragging the crop markers below the scrubber bar
    to indicate where you want your clip to begin and
    end.
  • Next, choose Edit gt Crop to delete the unselected
    portions of the clip from the video.??
  • Tip To precisely adjust the crop marker
    position, click a marker to select it and press
    the Left or Right Arrow key to move the crop
    marker one frame at a time.
  • To move the marker in 10-frame increments, hold
    down the Shift key while pressing the arrow key.

40
Cutting, Copying, Pasting
  • To copy a clip to a new position in the movie
  • Select the video clip or frame range you want to
    cut or copy, then choose Edit gt Cut or Copy.
  • Move the playhead where you want the chosen clip
    to appear.
  • Choose Edit gt Paste.

41
Cutting, Copying, Pasting
  • When you position the playhead within a clip and
    choose Paste, the clip is split at the playhead
    and the pasted video, along with its soundtrack,
    appears as a new clip at that point (pushing the
    remaining portion of the split clip back in the
    timeline.)
  • You can also have the the pasted clip replace
    footage in the timeline.
  • Position the playhead where the pasted clip
    should start and choose Advanced gt "Paste Over at
    Playhead".
  • The pasted clip replaces an equal duration of
    clip in the timeline.

42
Deleting Segments
  • To trim a video clip using direct trimming
  • Select the clip you want to edit in the timeline
    viewer.
  • Position the pointer over the end of the clip
    until you see the pointer change.
  • Drag the end of the clip to remove the frames
    that you want trimmed.
  • If you trim too much from the clip, you can drag
    the end of the clip again to lengthen it. The
    trimmed frames are not lost.
  • Repeat the procedure on the other end of the
    clip, if you want.

43
Splitting a Clip
  • Select a clip and position the playhead where you
    want to divide the clip.
  • Choose Edit gt "Split Video Clip at Playhead" or
    "Split Selected Audio Clip at Playhead."

44
Adjusting the Length of an Image
  • Double-click the clip in the clip viewer or
    timeline viewer.
  • Type the duration you want in the Duration field.
  • Click Set.

45
Changing Direction Speed
  • Select the clip or clips in the clip viewer or
    timeline viewer.
  • Click Effects.
  • Select the Fast/Slow/Reverse effect and choose
    the options you want.
  • Click Apply.

46
Creating a Color Clips
  • To change a black clip to color
  • Select the black clip in the clip viewer.
  • Choose File gt Show Info.
  • Click the Color box and choose a color for the
    clip.
  • Click Set.

47
Adding Motion to an Image
  • To pan or zoom during the display of a photo, you
    apply the Ken Burns Effect in the Photos pane.
  • You can use the Ken Burns Effect to resize or
    crop an image without adding motion.
  • The photograph appears as a clip at the end of
    your movie in the timeline.
  • You can drag the clip to where you want it to
    appear in your movie.

48
Adding Motion to a Photograph
49
Adding Motion to an Image
  • Click the Photos button and click the Ken Burns
    Effect checkbox if it's not selected.
  • Select a photograph from your iPhoto library and
    click Start.
  • Use the Zoom slider to move to the starting point
    for a zoom.
  • Hold the pointer over the image in the preview
    monitor until a hand appears, then press the
    mouse button and drag to the spot in the
    photograph where you want to begin the pan.
  • Click End.

50
Adding Motion to an Image
  • Use the Zoom slider to move to the ending point
    for the zoom.
  • Hold the pointer over the image until a hand
    appears, then press the mouse button and drag to
    the point at which you want to end the pan.
  • Move the Duration slider to set the length of
    time you want the pan and zoom action to take.
  • Click Preview to see the overall effect, and
    repeat the above steps to make adjustments.
  • Click Apply when you have the effect you want.

51
Copying Pan Zoom Settings
  • To copy the starting settings to the ending
    settings
  • Click the Photos button and make sure the Ken
    Burns Effect checkbox is selected.
  • Select a photograph from your iPhoto library and
    click Start.
  • Set up the pan and zoom effect you want.
  • Press the Option key and click End.
  • Make the final pan and zoom changes your image
    needs.

52
Removing Pan Zoom
  • To remove the pan and zoom effect from a rendered
    image
  • Select the image in the clip viewer.
  • Click the Photos button to open the Photos pane.
  • Deselect the Ken Burns Effect checkbox.
  • Click Update.

53
Capturing a Still Image
  • To save the image as a file to export to another
    application
  • Display the image you want to export in the
    iMovie monitor.
  • Choose File gt Save Frame and save the file with
    the format and name you want.
  • JPEG or PICT format

54
Playing Your Whole Movie
  • To see your whole movie play
  • Choose Edit gt Select None.
  • Move the playhead to the beginning of the movie,
    or click Rewind.
  • To quickly rewind, you can press the Home key on
    your keyboard.
  • Click Play.

55
Restoring a Clip
  • Select the clip in the timeline viewer or clip
    viewer.
  • Choose Advanced gt Revert Clip to Original

56
Deleting Unwanted Footage
  • To delete footage
  • Select the audio or video clips you want to
    delete.
  • To select multiple clips, hold down the Shift key
    (or the Command key for discontiguous clips)
    while you click the clips.
  • Choose Edit gt Clear or press the Delete key.

57
Transitions, Titles, Effects
58
Transitions Between Clips
  • Click the Transitions button and select a
    transition style in the Transitions pane.
  • Set the duration of the transition using the
    Speed slider.
  • Set the direction you want the transition to
    start from using the arrow buttons (if
    applicable).
  • Click Preview to see how the transition looks.
  • Drag the transition from the list to where you
    want it in the clip viewer.

59
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60
Titles Text
  • Click the Titles button to open the Titles pane.
  • Select a title style from the titles list.
  • Click an arrow button to choose the direction the
    text moves (if applicable).
  • Type the text you want in the text field.
  • Select Over Black if you want the title to appear
    over a black clip.

61
Titles Text
  • To change the color of the text, click the Color
    box to select a color.
  • Choose a font style for the title from the pop-up
    menu, and drag the text size slider to make the
    text larger or smaller.
  • Drag the Speed slider and Pause slider to change
    the duration of the title.
  • Click Preview to see how the title will look.
  • When the title is ready, drag it into the clip
    or timeline viewer, or, if the clip already has
    a title, select a clip and click Update.

62
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63
Video Effects
  • Select the clip or clips you want to alter.
  • To apply an effect to a section of a clip, drag
    the crop markers to select the frame range you
    want.
  • Click the Effects button and select a video
    effect.
  • Move the Effect In and Effect Out sliders to
    indicate when you want the effect to begin and
    end.

64
Video Effects
  • Adjust the effect with any other available
    sliders (some effects have more options).
  • Click Preview to view the effect in the iMovie
    monitor.
  • Repeat any of the above steps until you have the
    effect the way you want it.
  • Click Apply.

65
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66
Undoing Changes
  • Choose Edit gt Undo to remove your last change.
    Continue choosing Undo to cancel your previous
    changes one by one.
  • Choose Advanced gt Revert Clip to Original to undo
    all of the changes made to a selected clip.
  • Choose File gt Revert to Saved to undo all of the
    changes made to a project since the last time you
    saved it.

67
Edit Existing Effects
  • Select the clip or transition icon that you want
    to change in the clip viewer.
  • If you want to select all your transitions at
    once, select a transition and choose Edit gt
    Select Similar Clips.
  • Click the Titles, Effects, or Transitions button.
  • Make your modifications in the pane you selected.
  • Click Update.

68
Working with Sound
69
Adding Sound
  • Move the playhead in the timeline viewer to the
    frame where you want to hear the sound effect.
  • Click the Audio button.
  • Choose iMovie Sound Effects from the pop-up menu.

70
Adding Sound
  • Click the arrow next to the sound effect
    collections to see more effects, then click a
    sound effect to listen to it.
  • Click "Place at Playhead.
  • Choose Advanced gt "Lock Audio Clip at Playhead"
    if you want to lock the sound effect to a
    specific frame (if you reposition the video clip,
    the locked audio clip moves with it).

71
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72
Trimming Audio Tracks
  • Select the audio clip in the timeline viewer.
  • If volume level bars appear in your clips in the
    timeline viewer, choose View gt Show Clip Volume
    Levels to hide them.
  • Position your pointer at one end of the audio
    clip until it changes shape, then drag to where
    you want the audio clip to start or end.

73
Splitting an Audio Clip
  • Select a clip and position the playhead where you
    want to divide the clip.
  • Choose Edit gt "Split Video Clip at Playhead" or
    "Split Selected Audio Clip at Playhead."

74
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75
Recording a Voiceover
  • Click the Audio button.
  • Click the Record button next to the input meter
    and speak into your microphone.
  • Speak clearly. While you are speaking, the input
    meter should be yellow. If it turns red, you are
    speaking too loudly.
  • Click the button again to stop recording.

76
Positioning Audio with Video
  • To position an audio clip with a specific video
    frame
  • Select the audio clip in the timeline viewer.
  • Move the audio clip until the frame you want
    appears in the iMovie monitor.
  • Choose Advanced gt "Lock Audio Clip at Playhead"
    if you want to make sure that the audio clip
    doesn't get moved (you can unlock it later if you
    change your mind).

77
Fade In Fade Out
  • Choose View gt Show Clip Volume Levels.
  • A volume level bar appears in each clip in the
    timeline viewer.
  • Click a point on the volume level bar where you
    want the volume to change, then drag the marker
    up or down to adjust the volume.
  • You can click the volume level bar multiple times
    to adjust volume up and down at multiple points
    during the length of a clip.
  • Move the markers until you have the amount of
    fade you want.

78
Adjusting Volume
  • To make fine adjustments to the volume level of a
    clip
  • Choose View gt Show Clip Volume Levels.
  • Click a point on the volume level bar where you
    want to adjust the volume, then drag the marker
    that appears up or down to make the sound louder
    or softer at that point.
  • Click the beginning point of the marker and drag
    to adjust how abruptly the volume changes. (You
    can use this adjustment to make the clip fade in
    or out.)

79
Adjusting Volume
80
Separating Sound from Video
  • To extract sound from a clip
  • Select a video clip in the timeline viewer.
  • Choose Advanced gt Extract Audio.

81
Inserting with Running Audio
  • Choose iMovie HD gt Preferences.
  • Click General.
  • Select the "Extract audio when using 'Paste Over
    at Playhead'" checkbox.
  • Select the video or image that you want to
    insert.
  • Choose Edit gt Cut or Copy.
  • Position the playhead at the first frame to be
    replaced, or use the crop markers to select the
    video frames to replace.
  • Choose Advanced gt "Paste Over at Playhead."

82
Removing Audio When Pasting
  • To change the default
  • Choose iMovie HD gt Preferences.
  • Click General.
  • Deselect the "Extract audio when using 'Paste
    Over At Playhead'" checkbox.

83
Turning Audio On and Off
  • You can play one or both audio tracks at a time
    to preview your audio effects, or turn off the
    audio in the video track of your movie. For
    example, if you notice sound problems coming from
    your video track, you might mute the video track
    to eliminate them.
  • To turn the audio in a track on or off, select or
    deselect the checkbox on the right side of the
    track.

84
Locking Audio to Video
  • Move the playhead in the timeline viewer to the
    point at which you want the audio to start.
  • Drag the audio clip so that its starting point is
    lined up with the playhead.
  • Choose Advanced gt "Lock Audio Clip at Playhead.
  • Pins in the audio and video clips indicate that
    the audio is locked to the video. To unlock the
    audio, select the clip and choose Advanced gt
    Unlock Audio Clip.

85
Sharing Your Movie
86
Saving as a QuickTime Movie
  • Choose File gt Share.
  • Click QuickTime and choose a movie format from
    the pop-up menu.
  • Click the "Share selected clips only" checkbox if
    you only want to share clips you selected.
  • Click Share.
  • Name your movie, select a location for the file,
    and click Save.

87
Exporting to iDVD
  • Click the iDVD button to open the iDVD pane.
  • Click Create iDVD Project.
  • iDVD opens and your movie appears in a new
    project in iDVD.

88
Setting Chapter Markers for iDVD
  • Move the playhead to the point at which you want
    to start a new chapter.
  • Click the iDVD button and click Add Chapter.
  • To quickly add a chapter marker, you can also
    choose Markers gt Add Chapter Marker.
  • Type a chapter title next to the thumbnail that
    appears in the iDVD pane.
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