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Research and Education eInfrastructures:


To enhance the quality and the deliverables of research and education in the region ... e-business, growth in e-learning, evolvement of Arabs as leading IT ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Research and Education eInfrastructures:

Research and Education e-Infrastructures The
Development Enabler Damascus 5-6 September
2007 Efforts Towards Establishing a PAN
Arab Network for Research and Education Yousef
Torman Executive Director Jordanian Universities
Why Regional Network?
  • To provide collaboration space and tools for the
    research and education communities
  • To enhance the quality and the deliverables of
    research and education in the region
  • Join efforts and encourage team work
  • Utilize and make use of resources in the
    different networks and countries

Example from Jordan
  • INTERNET Consolidation Project
  • Before consolidation each University had its own
    connection the internet (total speed was 60 Mbps
    with cost of 1.8 MJD)
  • After Consolidation One common Internet gateway
    for all Universities and distributed to the
    Universities through the JUNet network (155 Mbps
    for 1.4 MJD)
  • Benefits
  • More redundancy and backup lines
  • Speed burstability
  • 65 savings for the Internet cost
  • Better utilization of the internet link

Example from Jordan
  • Integrated Library Management System
  • One application providing services to all the
    Libraries in the Public Universities through one
    Center of Excellence providing the support and
    training for all Universities
  • Benefits
  • One common application and interface for all
    students and staff in all Universities
  • Cost reduction in terms of hardware, software,
    licenses, upgrades and support

PAN Arab Research Network
  • In 2005 and based on Jordans Experience with
    JUNet, The Ministry of ICT of Jordan initiated a
    project to study the feasibility of using the
    optical fiber of the power distribution grid in
    the Arab Countries for the purpose of building
    the PAN Arab Research and Education Network
  • The project was funded by the Government of
    Jordan and the Canadian International
    Development Agency (CIDA) and Cisco Systems
  • The first phase of the feasibility study covered
    Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Jordan,
    Palestine Authority, Lebanon and Syria

PAN Arab Research Network
  • Except Libya, The Team visited these countries
    and interviewed
  • Ministries of ICT HE
  • Universities and research institutes
  • NRENs
  • Telecom Regulatory Authorities
  • Power Companies
  • The main focus during the study was on the
  • Policy
  • Regulatory
  • Technical
  • Economy

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PAN - Results
  • There team found that there will be no major
    obstacles regarding policy, regulatory, fiber
    availability in most of the countries except
    Libya (there were some plans to build fiber on
    the power grid in Libya)
  • The initial cost estimate was in the range of
    32M to 42M depending on the type of network to
    be implemented, in addition to 3.5 M annual cost

PAN Next (last) Steps
  • The feasibility was presented to the ICT
    Ministers in WSIS in Tunisia in September 2005,
    and then forwarded to the Arab League
  • The issue was triggered again by JUNet and MoICT
    of Jordan with the Arab League in June 2006 at
    the level of the General Secretariat
  • The ICT Committee of the Arab League which is
    responsible for formulating the ICT Strategy in
    the Arab States, discussed the PAN in their
    meeting 11-13 September 2006, they requested more
    information and justification from MoICT of
  • New initiative then was introduced ….

NAP Arab States Network Access Points
  • In line with the Global Summit on Knowledge
    societies, one pillar of the General Arab
    Strategy for Communication and Information
    Technology / Building an Information society
    2007-2012 was
  • Achieving universal access and improving quality
    of services for the Arab citizen, utilizing
    information and communication technology
  • Based on this pillar, the International
    Telecommunication Union (ITU) / Arab Regional
    office adopted the NAP in the Arab states

NAP Proposed Locations
  • Western Arab NAP located in Morocco to cover
    Algeria, Mauritania, Libya and Tunisia
  • Middle East NAP located in Egypt to connect
    Sudan, Somalia, Djibouti and Comoros.
  • GCC NAP located in Dubai to connect Kuwait ,
    Saudi Arabia , Qatar, Oman, Bahrain, UAE and
  • Cham NAP in located Jordan to connect Syria
    ,Iraq, Palestine Authority and Lebanon .

NAP Layout
NAP Expected Benefits
  • Increase in internet usage.
  • Savings on the utilization of bandwidth between
    connected countries and the USA, which is a major
    cost of Internet services. Hence it will reduce
    Internet usage costs and provide benefit to the
    end user
  • Increasing Arab Digital content.
  • Reduce the cost of the international calls
    between the Arab countries by using voice over IP
    technology through the connectivity available.
  • Ensure uninterrupted connection between Arab
    countries if any of the international routes

NAP Expected Benefits (continued)
  • Improving quality of service, reduce bottlenecks,
    and accelerate access to various applications
  • Allowing for the optimal use of available
    infrastructures and capacities.
  • Enhancement the Economic status for the
    participating countries due to the expected
    increase use and utilization of internet, ease in
    carrying out e-business, growth in e-learning,
    evolvement of Arabs as leading IT professionals,
    better e-governance facilities and
    telecommunication vibrancy

NAP - Actions and Status
  • Four task forces are working for each NAP, the
    task forces include Telecom Providers, ISPs,
    Telecom Regulatory, and Governments.
  • the task forces report to the ITU of Arab region
  • Task forces conducted many meetings and surveys.
  • No clear plan is finalized yet.

NAP and (or) PAN?
  • As the PAN was not adopted by the Arab League,
    JUNet addressed the NAP project through the task
    force of Cham point.
  • The request was to take this opportunity to build
    the PAN on top of or in parallel with the NAP
  • The request was welcomed and discussed by the
    Arab League ICT Policy Committee meeting in Amman
    (28-30 Sept 2007)
  • The committee requested more details to be
    discussed in the next meeting in December 2007

Rome Declaration
  • After several meetings and discussions, the
    representatives of the Arab Mediterranean NRENs
    recognized that
  • The importance for the academic and research
    community in the Mediterranean region to count on
    a regional infrastructure for data communication
    to improve cooperation in the area of academic
    research and investigation and education within
    the region and globally.
  • The importance for the academic and research
    community in the Mediterranean region to count on
    a regional consortium to support the development
    and implementation of a regional infrastructure
    for data communication based on advanced
  • The importance for the academic and research
    community in the Mediterranean region to count on
    a regional consortium to support applications and
    e-services that assist research, education and
    learning in these countries.

Rome Declaration (September 2006)
  • Therefore the representatives of the Arab
    Mediterranean NRENs Declared that
  • The necessity for the existence of national
    research and education networks
  • The desire to further develop and consolidate the
    Mediterranean EUMEDCONNECT network .
  • That it is desirable to establish a Mediterranean
    research and education network based on the
    existing research networks in several countries.
  • To cooperate in the development and consolidation
    of national research and education networks in
    those countries in the Mediterranean region,
    where they do not yet exist or where they have
    recently been founded
  • To create a Mediterranean coordination space for
    the integration and regional coordination of the
    national research and education networks.

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  • Consortium of Arab Mediterranean
  • Research and Education Networks
  • (CAMREN)
  • The consortium was introduced as an action point
    for the Rome Declaration

  • Currently the CAMREN proposal include the NRENs
    of the following Countries
  • Syria
  • Palestine
  • Jordan
  • Egypt
  • Algeria
  • Morocco
  • Other countries Libya, Lebanon and Tunisia are
    also invited

  • A draft consortium agreement was prepared by the
    directors and representatives of the NREN of
    these Countries
  • The draft consortium agreement is under study by
    the different countrie
  • Amman was sellected to host the consortium
  • Algeria generously will host the consortium
    signature ceremony once finalized
  • The agreement is expected to be signed in
    November 2007

Major Concerns
  • Financial support
  • Technical Support
  • Applications
  • Promotion

  • Thank You