New Testament Survey: First Corinthians - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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New Testament Survey: First Corinthians


Carnally minded, making spiritual understanding and reception impossible ... be perfected together in the same mind and same judgment.' The 1 Corinthian Letter ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: New Testament Survey: First Corinthians

New Testament SurveyFirst Corinthians
The Author
  • External evidence clearly shows that the apostle
    Paul authored the book.
  • Internal evidence of Pauls authorship is also
    very strong.
  • 13 1621-24

The Date
  • A letter that preceded the first letter contained
    no additional needed truth.
  • 1 Corinthians 59
  • Paul, while in Ephesus in 55 AD, learned of
    serious problems in Corinth.
  • Divisions existed in the church.
  • The Corinthian church sent Paul a letter
    requesting answers to several questions.

The Date
  • Paul answered with this epistle dispatched by
  • 1 Corinthians 417
  • Had Paul paid them a personal visit after his
    first letter?
  • 2 Corinthians 1214 131,2
  • Did the letter accomplish its intended purpose?
  • 2 Corinthians 24 78
  • Paul wanted to know the effect of the letter. He
    waited for Titus to come from Corinth with
  • 2 Corinthians 213 75,13

The City
  • Corinth was geographically situated at the center
    of the Grecian peninsula.
  • Built upon an isthmus, it was strategically
    important in the defense and conquest of the
    Grecian peninsula.
  • The city was fortified by a wall.
  • Citadel rising 2,000 feet above sea levelthe
    view from the summit to the sea, from both east
    and west, is magnificent.

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The City
  • A lower-level harbor made Corinth a city of
    east-west trade.
  • In 46 B.C., Julius Caesar established a Roman
    colony in Corinth.
  • The new city grew, attracting both Jews and
    Greeks, who were more numerous than Romans.
  • Dishonesty, suspicion, speculation, egotism,
    profligacy, and vice ruled the city.
  • The temple to the goddess Venus supported 1,000
    temple prostitutes!

The Church
  • Established by Paul
  • Acts 188
  • After Paul, Apollos met with unusual success in
    preaching the gospel.
  • Division arose when men started following other
    men instead of Christ.
  • Their licentious character was evidenced by some
    of the sins committed by Gods people.
  • 1 Corinthians 611

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • The letters address is significant.
  • 11,2
  • Its first four chapters deal with division.
  • Trusted in human wisdom
  • Gloried in men rather than Christ
  • Carnally minded, making spiritual understanding
    and reception impossible
  • Failure to distinguish between holy and profane
    thingsending in defilement of Gods temple

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Prescription for remedying the division (110)
  • Speak the same thing.
  • That there be no more divisions among you.
  • That you be perfected together in the same mind
    and same judgment.

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Paul dealt with the corrupt influence of heathen
  • Chapters 4 and 5
  • The Church was harboring a man who was living in
    open adultery with his fathers wife!
  • Public withdrawal
  • 55
  • Have no company with himmake him ashamed!
  • 59

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Engaged in commerce and industrysometimes with
    one another.
  • Some were having financial disputes and
  • They sought to settle the matter before heathen
    courts and judges.
  • Paul condemned this and told them to settle these
    matters among themselves.
  • 1 Corinthians 61-11

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Moral laxity had made it difficult for them to
    honor their marriage commitments.
  • A chapter is devoted to answering their questions
    about this relationship.
  • Certain rules and applications were to be used
    because of the present distress.
  • 1 Corinthians 726-32
  • Marriage was to be honored, even when a Christian
    was married to an unbeliever.
  • 1 Corinthians 710-24

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Some were eating for food the remnants of the
    bodies of animals offered in heathen services.
  • Some of the Jewish brethren questioned this
  • Paul taught that this matter was a case of
    personal liberty.
  • The practice was not to be exercised
    at the expense of a weaker brothers conscience.
  • 1 Corinthians 810

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Paul next discussed the local churchs
  • The church was to support and sustain those who
    made their living by preaching and teaching the
  • 1 Corinthians 9

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Abuses during the worship assembly
  • Gods order of authority and the place of women
  • Praying and prophesying
  • Refusing to wear the veila custom of the day
    showing subjection and the mans authority
  • 1 Corinthians 111-16

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Having a feast before observing the Lords
  • Glutting themselves with food and drinknot
    spiritually discerning the meaning of the Lords
  • They came together to worship.
  • They had houses in which to eat and drink to
    nurture their physical bodies.
  • 1 Corinthians 1119-34

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Due to their exaltation of selfish ambitions and
    fleshly values, they had serious disputes about
    spiritual gifts.
  • Pitting the importance of one gift against
  • The nature and purposes of the gifts.
  • 1 Corinthians 12
  • The better waylove
  • Temporal nature of the gifts
  • 1 Corinthians 13
  • Each member working together for the whole!
  • 1 Corinthians 14

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Questions concerning the resurrection
  • Christ has risen
  • 151-11
  • Meaning of the resurrection
  • 1512-57
  • Universality of the resurrection
  • 1520-22
  • The Christians new body
  • 1542-49
  • Inheriting the kingdom of God
  • 1550,51

The 1 Corinthian Letter
  • Question concerning the collection for the poor
    saints in Jerusalem
  • Divine plan for church finances
  • 161,2
  • Benevolence to be raised by its own contribution
  • Church to select its own messengers
  • 163,4
  • Limited to the needy saints.
  • Acts 1127-30
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