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MODERN STATE, DEMOCRACY AND ORGANIZED VIOLENCE

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War major aspect of consolidation = fewer and fewer power centers controlling ... Has complex bearing on phenomena affecting solidity, security of established states. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: MODERN STATE, DEMOCRACY AND ORGANIZED VIOLENCE


1
MODERN STATE, DEMOCRACY AND ORGANIZED VIOLENCE
  • Complexities in their relations
  • Prof. Gianfranco Poggi
  • University of Trento, Italy

2
Earliest phase of state development
  • War major aspect of consolidation fewer and
    fewer power centers controlling larger and larger
    territories.
  • However, pacification effects in internal affairs
    reduction in quantum of actual violence
    through increase in potential violence (Hobbes
    paradox).
  • War perhaps less frequent, certainly more
    murderous given technological advances

3
Later phases
  • Rationalization of domestic organized violence
    through reliance on law and bureaucratization,
    professionalization of state agents. Effects
    emergence of civil society and marketization of
    economic processes. Durkheim / Foucault effects
    on punishment.
  • Some rationalization effects also in external
    relations (Westphalia,Grotius)

4
Democracy (1)
  • Ambivalences in relationship with violence, war.
  • See Tocqueville, both Démocratie (reluctance to
    go to war, great popular commitment when engaged
    career aspirations of officer class incline it
    to war) and Ancien Régime (paradoxical increase
    in intensity of wars with missionary intents as
    in revolutionary, Napoleonic wars but already in
    Islam)

5
Democracy (2)
  • Some aspects of democratic development (widening
    of suffrage, some welfare policies) are
    associated with military phenomena.
  • Awkward association between entry of the masses
    into politics and nationalism.
  • Countertendencies associated with cultural
    changes individualism materialism
    consumerism prevalence of economic concerns
    civilizing effects of the market.
  • Growing aspirations to collective security.

6
Impact of World War Two and prospects of nuclear
war.
7
Contemporary democratization.
  • Has complex bearing on phenomena affecting
    solidity, security of established states.
  • Widespread notion that democracies do not make
    war on one another.
  • Persistent nationalism obstacle to transnational
    developments and inspires secession movements.
  • But major threats to continuity, security of
    states come from movements denying democracy as
    legitimacy formula.

8
One major question for today
  • Does increasing economic interdependence make
    states more or less secure?
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