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FOOD SECURITY

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Title: FOOD SECURITY


1
National Conference on Agriculture Rabi 2008-09
24-25 Sep. 2008
2
Area under Kharif Crops
Kharif assessment 2008
Area in lac ha
3
Production under Kharif Crops
Kharif assessment 2008
Production in lac Mt/ lac bales
4
Productivity Kharif Crops
Kharif assessment 2008
Productivity in kg/ha
5
Rajasthan Rainfall As on 19th Sept. 2008
Ganga Nagar
Hanumangarh
Churu
Jhunjhunu
Bikaner
Alwar
Sikar
Bharatpur
Nagaur
Jaisalmer
Jaipur
Dausa
Dholpur
Karauli
Jodhpur
Sawai madhopur
Tonk
Ajmer
Pali
Barmer
Bundi
Bhilwara
Raj samand
Baran
Jalore
Kota
Chittor garh
Rainfall in 20 to 60 - 20 to 2 - 20 to 60

Sirohi
Jhalawar
Udaipur
Excess 13 Distt. Normal 13 Distt. Deficit 7
Distt.
Pratap garh
Dungarpur
Banswara
6
Rabi Prospects 2008-09 Area
lac Ha.
5 yrs Average 21.21 1.97 9.39 26.40 2..04
Ach. 2007-08 25.92 2.49 12.31 24.58 0.38
Target 2008-09 26.00 3.50 13.00 27.00 1.40
WHEAT BARLEY GRAM MUSTARD TARAMIRA
7
Rabi Prospects 2008-09 Production
lac MT
Ach. 2007-08 71.25 5.39 5.74 23.52 0.10
Target 2008-09 78.00 9.29 10.39 34.49 0.73
5 yrs Average 60.16 4.64 6.35 31.76 0.74
WHEAT BARLEY GRAM MUSTARD TARAMIRA
8
Rabi Prospects 2008-09 Productivity
Kg per Ha
5 yr. avg (10th Plan) 2836 2355 676 1203
2007-08 Ach 2749 2165 466 957
2008-09 Target 3000 2654 800 1277
WHEAT BARLEY GRAM MUSTARD
9
National Food Security Mission
Rabi 2007-08
  • Wheat- 15 districts, Pulses -15 districts
  • SFSMEC DFSMECs have been constituted
  • consultants hired
  • 75000 qtls extra seed of Wheat distributed as
    compared to last year
  • Progress 2007-08

Rs. in lacs
  • Issues
  • Inclusion of coarse cereals for more
    comprehensive food security
  • Inclusion of more districts in NFSM
  • Wheat-9 districts, Rabi Pulses-11, Rice- 4,
    Kharif Pulses-5
  • Additional subsidy on seeds, micronutrients, etc
    to be extended to non NFSM districts so as to
    have common pricing of these inputs throughout
    the State

10
National Food Security Mission
11
National Food Security Mission
12
National Food Security Mission
13
National Food Security Mission
14
Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
  • Rs. 55.7588 crores released during 2007-08 .
  • For the year 2008-09 GOI has allocated Rs. 233.75
    crores under RKVY. Out of which GOI has also
    released 1st installment of Rs. 24.95 crores
  • SLSC constituted- 3 meetings held so far ( 1st
    March, 22nd July 18th Aug.)
  • Department-wise projects sanctioned in 2007-08

 
15
Rastriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
  • Department-wise projects sanctioned in 2008-09

Progress Against released amount of Rs. 8070.88
lacs (5575.882495.00 lac), financial sanction of
Rs. 6007.75 lacs has been issued. Out of this,
an amount of Rs. 17 crores has been utilized so
far.
Issues Against sanctioned projects of Rs
23847.105 lacs, GOI has released only Rs 2495.00
lacs. Therefore, GOI may kindly consider early
release of funds under stream I
16
Extension System Reforms ATMA
Status of ATMA scheme in Rajasthan in 2008 09
  • SREP of 22 districts has been approved by GOI
  • SREP of remaining 10 districts has been vetted
    and approved by MANAGE and is under final
    printing
  • Partial SEWP of 3.66 crores for organizing the
    Agriculture and Farmers Development Workshop -
    cum - Exhibition has been approved by GOI
  • Final SEWP of about 13.00 crores is under
    preparation and would be sent to GOI before the
    end of September 2008
  • Proposed out lay for 2008-09 by GOI is 12.5
    crores
  • Expenditure incurred Rs. 50.00 lacs (upto 15th
    September 08)
  • No fund has been released by GOI in 2008 09

17
Extension System Reforms
  • Kharif Abhiyan 2008 pre Kharif Panchayat level
    campaign to reach out to farmers with special
    focus on productivity enhancement
  • Kheti Ri Batan a live daily Radio program with
    farmer-friendly format-phone-in, success stories,
    farmers interviews etc.
  • Agro ecological situation wise PoP prepared and
    distributed
  • Inter-state 165 exposure visits are being
    organized
  • Beneficiary trainings ( Software ) included in
    implementation of components ( hardware ) viz.
    seed production, agri. implements, sprinkler,
    drip, pipe line etc.
  • Kisan Call Centre 2nd highest calls in the country

18
ExtensionNew Initiatives
  • Action Research Project prepared for Drip in
    Cotton
  • 95 Trials laid out
  • (Ajmer-17, Jodhpur-15, Bhilwara-3, Chittore-6,
    Banswara-6, Ganganagar-30, Hanumangarg-18)
  • During kharif 2008, projects prepared and
    executed for analysis, estimation and enhancement
    of the following productivity determinants
  • - Bio Fertilizer Use Rate
  •  - Bio Agent Use Rate
  • - Bio Pesticides Use Rate
  • - Micro Nutrient Use Rate
  • - Gypsum Use Rate
  • This will help in popularizing low cost inputs
    among farmers leading to sustainable development
    of agriculture.

19
Seed Enhanced Production Distribution
  • Increased lifting of Breeder Seed Rabi
  • Year 2004-05 05-06 06-07 07-08
    2008-09 (tgt)
  • in Qtls 601 1416 3186 4533 6435
  • Increased Certified Seed Distribution Rabi
  • Year 2004-05 05-06 06-07 07-08
    2008-09 (tgt)
  • lac Qtls 4.22 5.39 6.30 8.55 11.99
  • Increased Certified Seed Distribution Total
  • Year 2004-05 05-06 06-07 07-08
    2008-09 (tgt)
  • lac Qtls 4.22 7.61 8.72 11.80 17.99
  • New Seed Scheme Involvement of Private Sector
    in Seed Production and distribution
  • Minikit distribution scheme refined as seed
    production scheme for self-use
  • Quality control measures enforced strictly

20
Seed Arrangements Rabi
in lac Qtls.
21
Seed Replacement Rate in rabi crops (SRR)
Mustard
85.00
81.50
60.10
47.81
44.55
35.00
wheat
Barley
25.98
19.42
19.12
28.57
15.86
12.42
20.30
10.00
11.69
15.13
Gram
5.25
3.96
3.91
3.13
2008-09
2004-05
2005-06
2006-07
2007-08
22
National Horticulture Mission
23
Initiatives PHM MARKETING
  • Food Processing training centre at Kota through
    SIAM for developing technologists, managers
    entrepreneurs in food processing through courses
  • Terminal market
  • o be set up in the State through collaboration
    with SOI and private sector.
  • Capacity building of all categories of
    agricultural personnel through NIAM for
    upgradation and attitudinal change for PHM
    Marketing
  • Capacity building for price risk management for
    selected crops by promotion of futures trading
    through MCX NCDEX.
  • Kishan Bhawan has been proposed at each district.
    H.Q.

24
Marketing Reforms
  • Terminal Market at Muhana - Completed and
    developing also for flower Mandi
  • By inserting a new section 14 A in the Raj.
    Agriculture Produce Marketing Act 1961 provision
    of single licence in the State has been inserted.
    By which a trader can trade in more than one
    market with a single licence.
  • The reservation of 10 shops/ plots for
    Agriculturist increased to 20 on 01.04.2008 has
    been reserved only for agriculturist women. Out
    of them 30 reservation for SC/ST agriculturist
    women.

25
Marketing Reforms..
  • Development of 20 Commodity - Specific mandis
    e.g. Henna (mehendi) in subyard Sojatcity (Sojat
    Road) flower mandi in Pushkar Ajmer (F V),
    Cumin (Jeera) mandi in Jodhpur (Grain) and
    Mertacity, Pea(Matar) mandi in Basedi total
    Project cost Rs. 24.82 Crores.
  • Agri Export Zones for Coriander and Cumin
    established -
  • Activities for improving quality enhancing
    productivity started.
  • APMC Act amended (21st Nov, 2005) for contract
    farming, direct purchase private mandies.

26
Fertilizer Arrangements Rabi
in lac M.T.
  • Continuously wide spread rains in whole state
  • Rabi area production likely to be high
  • All time high demand of DAP/ Urea expected
  • Demand of DAP for Oct.08 is 1.50 lac MT whereas
    allocation by DOF is only 0.60 lac MT
  • Advance procurement of 1.50 lac MT DAP from IPL
  • As per DOF instructions till to date, no
    placement of DAP for rabi 08-09 by IPL
  • Buffer stock of 50000 MT of urea has not been
    replenished by CFCL till date.

27
Soil Health Enhancement through INM
  • Massive increase in distribution of soil health
    cards
  • - 3.50 lac in 2007-08, 1.55 lac soil samples
    analyze and 1.28 lac distributed during 2008-09
    (till Aug. 2008)
  • Micro nutrient testing facility available in 32
    labs - Micronutrient testing done for 59876
    samples in 2007-08 and 25852-samples analyzed
    in 2008-09 so far
  • Special software being used to generate
    Computerized soil health cards recommendations
    in terms of fertilizer materials for 4-8
    important crops.
  • 28.04 lac village soil health cards of 27698
    villages were distributed for the first time in
    2007-08.
  • 32.07 lac village package of practice soil
    health cards were distributed and villge-wise
    trainings were organized in 35889 villages as
    special campaing from 10th April to 25th May,
    2008, 13.98 lac farmers benefitted.
  • Block-wise fertility maps prepared
  • Fertility maps on GIS Maps of 09 districts
    displayed on GIS. Rest to be completed by
    2008-09.
  • Stress on Precision Farming - PoP as per Agro
    Ecological Situations have been prepared in Rabi
    2007 and Kharif 2008.
  • Large scale (4 lac ha area) use of Gypsum in
    Oilseeds and Pulses as source of nutrient

28
Best Practices - Kharif Campaign- 2008
Kisan Mahotsava campaign from 15th May to 30th
June 2008
  • Convergence of Agri. services at the door step
  • Disseminate appropriate technology practices
    for Kharif crops
  • Arranged availability of inputs for Kharif
    through Beej Raths
  • Coverage -all 9189 Gram Panchayat H.Q
  • Encouraging peoples participation- 6.08
    lac farmers
  • Major Achievements
  • Soil samples collected- 0.62 lac
  • Soil Health Cards distributed- 0.43 lac
  • Village Soil Health Cards distributed- 6.43 lac
  • Seed minikits distributed- 2.40 lac
  • Applications prepared- 0.70 lac
  • Farmer Friendly literature dist.- 4.98 lac
    booklets, 12.11 lac pamphlets

29
Best Practices District and crop specific
projects Kharif - 2008
  • Projects for Productivity Enhancement
  • Operation 150 for Pulses , Castor, Til
  • Target 20 for Soybean
  • Projects for Increasing SRR
  • Target 35 Castor, Til Target 28 Moong
  • Target 20 Urd Target 10 Moth
  • Target 25 Arhar Target 18 Guar
  •  Target 25 Soybean Target 30 Maize
  • Seed Treatment- Target 100

Remark-Impact assessment of crop specific
projects undertaken during kharif 2008 through
ME unit by organizing crop cutting experiments
and analyzing the yield increase.
30
Best Practices Quality control
  • Targeted Sampling - ABCD analysis of PP
    chemicals, Fertilizers Seed producers on the
    basis of past quality performance. Targeted
    sampling with more samples drawn from poor
    performers
  • Sampling at manufacturing units - Control at
    source
  • Special Campaign to draw samples from dealers
    from whom no samples taken in last 5 years or
    with dubious track record
  • Pre season Quality Control Campaigns
  • of failed samples decreased
  • Active ingredient increased in failed samples
  • Year wise samples taken
  • Year 2003-04 04-05
    05-06 06-07 07-08 08-09
  • Fertilizers 4671 4026 4965 4989 7113
    2780
  • Pesticides 1396 1284 1470 2038 2602 1405
  • Seed 3796 3616 4659 4790 5792 2921
  • Total Samples 9863 8926 11094 11817
    15507 7106

31
Best Practices- Women Empowerment
  • Sanction in the name of women women
    beneficiaries likely to increase from 9
    (2002-03) to about 70 during c.f.y
  • To encourage girl students to choose Agriculture
    as subject the Stipend started --- Rs.3000/- for
    102, Rs.5000/- for Post graduation and Rs.
    10000- for Ph. D Students
  • Special training for women farmers - a State
    effort
  • Popularization of drudgery reduction equipments
    for women farmers.
  • Distribution of seed minikits to women farmers

32
New Initiative Pesticide Residue Testing
Laboratory
  • One Pesticide Residue Lab established and become
    operational
  • Standard operating procedures for cumin,
    coriander, wheat, moong has een prepared and 15
    samples analysed so far.
  • Trial testing for vegetables other agricultural
    comodities are under process.

33
Best Practices- Rabi 2008-09Efficient extension
delivery system
  • Krishi Yojanaen Apke Dwar ( Pre-Rabi Campaign)
  • Period- 15 th Sep. to 15th Oct. 2008
  • Camps in all Gram Panchayats
  • Service delivery at doorstep of farmers i.e.
    availability of inputs, transfer of latest
    technology through trainings literature etc.
  • collection of soil samples, Soil Health Cards
    distributed for already collected samples.
  • Applications are prepared for individual
    beneficiary activities.
  • Minikits distributed.
  • Easy transparent execution of schemes with
    peoples participation (PRIs/ input
  • manufacturers/public etc)
  • On the spot processing of applications of
    individual beneficiary schemes.
  • Disbursement of subsidy for already processed
    applications.
  • Discussions on productivity enhancement, quality
    improvement,cost reduction etc.
  • Distribution of farmer friendly literature-
    Capacity Building of farmers
  • Social Audit of beneficiaries of previous years /
    season.

34
Issues for Consideration
  • Agriculture-
  • Settlement of claims under National Agriculture
    Insurance Scheme (NAIS)- Release of balance
    amount of crop compensation by GOI for Kharif
    2005 (Rs. 26.13 crore ) and Rabi 2005-06 (Rs.
    6.48 crore) total amounting to Rs. 32.61 crore.
  • NFSM-
  • 1.Inclusion of coarse cereals for more
    comprehensive food security
  • Inclusion of more districts in NFSM
  • (Wheat-9 districts, Rabi Pulses-11, Rice-
    4, Kharif Pulses-5)
  • Advance stock building of DAP avoided crisis.
    But, this system placed an huge burden on the
    state finances. GOI should provide assistance for
    advance stock building.
  • Propositioning of DAP for rabi 08-09 as per DOF
    instructions
  • Horticulture-
  • Expansion of National Horticulture Mission in
    all the districts
  • Inclusion of all horticultural crops including
    vegetable under NHM
  • Change in cost norms of green house, flower area
    expansion
  • Credit link Projects
  • Increase the subsidy upto 50 under PHM
    activities

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