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CLS 1113 Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Sciences

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Accreditation. Accreditation is the approval of a 'place' or 'thing' ... Joint Commission on Accredited Health Care Organizations (JCAHO) ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CLS 1113 Introduction to Clinical Laboratory Sciences


1
CLS 1113 Introduction to Clinical Laboratory
Sciences
  • Unit 8
  • Fundamental Concepts

2
Certification Vs. Licensure
  • Certification
  • NOT required by law
  • Non-governmental agency acknowledges that
    predetermined standards have been met.
  • Licensure
  • Required by law
  • Currently Montana, Tennessee, Florida, California
    and others require a license to practice as a
    Clinical Laboratory Scientist.

3
Accreditation
  • Accreditation is the approval of a place or
    thing. Evaluation process wherein a program or
    facility meets predetermined standards.For
    example
  • The CLS program at WSU is accredited.
  • A laboratory is accredited.

4
Professional Societies
  • American Society for Clinical Pathologists (ASCP)
  • Governed by Pathologists
  • Offer national exams
  • MLT(ASCP)
  • MT(ASCP)
  • They do not require Continuing Education

5
Professional Societies
  • American Society for Clinical Laboratory Science
    (ASCLS)
  • Governed by Clinical Laboratory Personnel
  • Offer a national exam through the National
    Certifying Agency (NCA)
  • CLT(NCA)
  • CLS(NCA)
  • Require Continuing Education

6
Laboratory Regulation GOVT
  • CLIA 88
  • Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act of 1988
  • HCFA
  • Health Care Financing Administration

7
Clinical Laboratory Improvement Act (CLIA 88)
  • Sets predetermined standards for laboratories.
  • Personnel
  • Proficiency Testing
  • Quality Control

8
Health Care Financing Adm.
  • Regulatory
  • Financing
  • Enforcement requirements

9
Laboratory Regulation Private Agencies
  • College of American Pathologists (CAP)
  • Joint Commission on Accredited Health Care
    Organizations (JCAHO)

10
JCAHO
  • Joint Commission on Accredited Health Care
    Organizations (JCAHO)
  • Non-governmental organization that inspects all
    healthcare facilities.
  • 3 year cycles

11
CAP
  • College of American Pathologists
  • Inspect Laboratories
  • Set standards of operation and personnel
  • Send out proficiency testing
  • Documents the quality of a laboratory
  • Laboratories must pass in order to maintain their
    accreditation and receive financial reimbursement
    for lab tests.

12
Different Types of Laboratories
  • Hospital Labs
  • Reference Labs
  • State Health Departments
  • Physician Office Labs
  • HMO Labs

13
Payment for Lab Services
  • Prospective vs. Retrospective Payment
  • Diagnostic Related Groups (DRGs)
  • Insurance Providers
  • Medicare and Medicaid
  • HMOs
  • Private Health Insurance

14
Negligence vs. Malpractice
  • Malpractice
  • Doing that for which you have not been trained
  • Negligence
  • Acting in an unprofessional manner (Not
    performing your duties adequately)
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