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Pandemic H1N1 Influenza

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Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Vaccine. Details: Injection or nasal # of ... Seasonal vaccines are ... Get an H1N1 vaccine when it becomes available if you are in a ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Pandemic H1N1 Influenza


1
Pandemic H1N1Influenza
2
Influenza Protection is a Shared Responsibility.
  • Everyone has a role
  • You
  • Your Family
  • School
  • Public Health
  • Workplace
  • Church
  • Healthcare Provider
  • Businesses
  • Childcare Provider
  • Your health department and school are working
    together to keep healthy children and staff in
    school, and sick students and staff at home.

3
What is Pandemic H1N1 Influenza?
  • The Virus
  • Combination of swine, bird and human influenza
    viruses
  • Spreads from human to human
  • Still learning about virus
  • Immunity
  • Humans have little to no immunity to virus
  • Vaccine
  • Vaccine will be available this fall.
  • This years seasonal flu shot does not protect
    you from H1N1

4
InfluenzaSeasonal vs. Pandemic
  • Seasonal Influenza
  • Caused by a virus
  • Causes mild to severe illness
  • Influenza (the flu) is different than the common
    cold.
  • Occurs annually and causes an average of 36,000
    deaths each year in the U.S.
  • Pandemic Influenza
  • Caused by a new virus
  • Can cause serious illness because there is little
    to no immunity in humans
  • Spreads easily from person to person
  • Can happen any time of year and is a global
    pandemic

5
H1N1 UpdatePublic Health Predictions
  • Seasonal
  • 36,000 deaths in U.S. per year
  • More than 200,000 hospitalized in U.S. per year
  • H1N1
  • Could strike up to 50 of U.S population
  • Estimated 100,000 deaths or more
  • New at-risk groups
  • Pregnant women
  • Young persons
  • 6 months24 years
  • Minority populations
  • Four times more likely to be hospitalized

6
SymptomsLike the seasonal flu
  • Fever
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Body aches
  • Headaches
  • Chills
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea and vomiting in some cases

7
Spread
  • H1N1 spreads like the seasonal flu through
  • Respiratory droplets (coughing, sneezing or
    talking)
  • Touching contaminated surfaces
  • Infected people spread the flu.
  • People are contagious 1 day prior to symptoms and
    for a minimum of 7 days after symptoms begin.
  • Incubation is about 1-4 days.
  • Children normally shed more virus than adults.

8
VaccinesInfluenza Vaccines 2009-2010
  • Seasonal flu shot will not protect against H1N1.
  • H1N1 shot will not protect against seasonal flu.
  • H1N1 Vaccination Effort
  • Scheduled for mid/late October.

9
VaccinesSeasonal Influenza Vaccine
  • Available now get a shot as soon as possible!
  • Will decrease your risk of getting seasonal flu.
  • You cannot get the flu from the flu shot.
  • Recommended groups
  • Children 6 months18 years
  • Adults 50 years or older
  • Pregnant women
  • Anyone with chronic medical conditions
  • Those who live with or care for people at high
    risk
  • Anyone who wants to decrease the risk of flu
    should be vaccinated.
  • Needs to be repeated every year.

10
VaccinesPandemic H1N1 Influenza Vaccine
  • Priority Groups
  • Healthcare workers and emergency personnel
  • Pregnant women
  • Household contacts of children less than 6 months
  • Children and young adults 6 months24 years
  • Non-elderly adults 25-64 with underlying
    conditions
  • Approximately 160 million total Americans

11
Vaccines Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Vaccine
  • H1N1 Vaccination Effort
  • First, is to secure vaccine for priority groups.
  • Many ways to receive the vaccine, including
  • Healthcare provider
  • Community clinics
  • Clinics focused on priority group
  • Other options
  • The sooner you receive the vaccine, the sooner
    you will be protected.

12
Vaccines Pandemic H1N1 Influenza Vaccine
  • Details
  • Injection or nasal
  • of doses needed
  • Immunity in about 2 weeks
  • Possible side effects
  • Sore arm
  • Mild symptoms for a day

13
What Can You Do?
  • Wash your hands.
  • Cover your cough.
  • Stay home if youre sick.
  • Get your flu shots.

14
What Can You Do?
  • Make a backup plan for childcare.
  • Stay informed.

15
To prevent getting and spreading the fluWash
Your Hands
  • Wash your hands often, especially after coughing
    or sneezing.
  • Show kids how to wash their hands the right way.
  • Use soap and warm water.
  • Rub hands under running water for at least 20
    seconds or as long as it takes to sing the Happy
    Birthday song twice.
  • Turn water off with towel or elbow.
  • Use an alcohol based (at least 60) sanitizer if
    water isnt available.

16
To prevent getting and spreading the fluCover
Your Cough
  • Cough or sneeze into your sleeve or shoulder, not
    into your hands.
  • Cover mouth and nose with a tissue, throw it away
    and then wash your hands.
  • Teach kids how to cover their coughs the right
    way.

17
To prevent getting and spreading the flu Stay
Home If Youre Sick
  • Dont send your kids to school if they are sick
    with flu symptoms fever, cough, muscle aches,
    headache, and in some cases vomiting and
    diarrhea.
  • Keep them home until at least 24 hours after they
    are free of fever without the use of
    fever-reducing medicines.
  • Call your healthcare provider about your childs
    symptoms. Antiviral treatments can prevent
    complications if taken in time.
  • Isolate sick family members if possible.

18
To prevent getting and spreading the flu Stay
Home If Youre Sick
  • Dont Send Your Kids to School with a Fever!
  • If they have a fever or signs of a fever such as
    flushed face, shivers, sweating or chills, they
    can spread the flu.
  • Wait 24 hours after his/her temperature returns
    to normal without the use of any fever-reducing
    medicines before sending them back to school.

19
To prevent getting and spreading the flu Get
Your Flu Shots
  • Seasonal vaccines are available now. Get one as
    soon as possible to protect yourself and your
    kids.
  • Get an H1N1 vaccine when it becomes available if
    you are in a priority group.
  • Children ages 6 months to 24 years are at high
    risk for severe illness, so they are in the
    priority groups.

20
To prevent getting and spreading the flu Make a
backup plan for childcare
  • Have a backup plan in case your child cannot go
    to his/her usual place, the provider becomes sick
    or there is wide-spread illness.
  • Have two people you can count on for backup.
  • Make sure your childs school has multiple
    contact numbers.

21
To prevent getting and spreading the flu Stay
Informed
  • Local
  • www.columbuspandemicflu.org
  • Contains comprehensive information for central
    Ohio and supplemental resources such as handouts,
    brochures, etc.
  • www.publichealth.columbus.gov
  • www.franklincountyohio.gov
  • Facebook Twitter - ColumbusFluInfo
  • Become a fan to get immediate updates on H1N1 and
    more
  • National
  • www.cdc.gov/h1n1flu

22
Keeping Kids Healthy and Safe
  • Keeping kids healthy and safe from H1N1 and
    seasonal influenza is a shared responsibility.
  • We want you to practice flu prevention at school,
    home, church, work, sports or wherever you go.

23
Keeping Kids Healthy and Safe
Contact your school nurse if you have any
questions or concerns.
24
(No Transcript)
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