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Family Types

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Family ... Extended Family ... Family (la familia) is a system of kinship affiliation, one in which people are ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Family Types


1
Family Types
  • Latino/as at Home

2
Terminology
3
Authority
  • The right to command or act

4
Gentrix
  • Biological mother of child.

5
Mater
  • Socially recognized mother of the children, but
    not necessarily the gentrix.

6
Genitor
  • Biological father of child.

7
Pater
  • Socially recognized father of child, but not
    necessarily the genitor.

8
Lineage
  • A corporate group who claim descent from a common
    ancestor and can trace genealogy through known
    links to that ancestor.

9
Patrilineal Descent
  • Decent traced through the male line for purposes
    of group membership.

10
Matrilineal Descent
  • Decent traced through the female line for
    purposes of group membership.

11
Unilineal Descent
  • Established kinship exclusively through either
    the mother or the fathers line

12
Family
  • A complex concept that entail at least the
    structure of the kin group, the function of
    family/kin members to one another, its
    sentimental or emotional dimensions, and its
    durability through time.

13
Nuclear Family
  • A normally co-residential family unit made up of
    a heterosexual couple and their children.

14
Extended Family
  • A large household group, related by ties of
    descent, marriage, or other durable
    relationships.
  • A set of mutually dependent and obligated kin
    that extends beyond the nuclear family.

15
Bilateral Family
  • A system in which a person relates to close
    relatives on both mother and fathers side.

16
Blended Family
  • Families formed through combining the children of
    two or more marriages (or other sexual
    relationships).

17
Neolocal Resident
  • Residence of a couple after marriage in which the
    married couple forms a household in an
    independent location.

18
Patrilocal Residence
  • Residence of a couple after marriage in which the
    married couple lives in the locality associated
    with the husbands relatives.

19
Matrilocal Residence
  • Residence of a couple after marriage in which the
    married couple lives in the locality associated
    with the wifes relatives

20
Monogamy
  • The taking of a single spouse in marriage

21
Serial Monogamy
  • The taking of more than one spouse in ones
    lifetime, but dissolving one monogamous marriage
    before beginning another.

22
Dysfunctional
  • Not operating as it should.
  • When applied to social relations, they use of
    this term assumes that norms, roles, and/or
    actions cause relations to not work as they
    should.

23
Rights of Passage
  • An event which marks important changes in the
    status of individuals or age-sets, such as birth,
    adulthood, marriage, or death.

24
Family, Marriage and Kinship
  • Family formation varies among Latino families.
  • Different from undocumented workers than those
    born in the U.S.

25
  • Embodied within these identities are such
    concepts as respeto (respect), especially for
    elders, for motherhood, and for male heads.
  • Also related in this context are ideas of
    machismo (masculinity) and responsibility.

26
la casa and la familia
  • Household (la casa) is a residential unit with a
    varied membership.
  • It includes people who live together and is the
    unit of genetic reproduction, economic
    production, sharing and/or consumption.

27
  • Family (la familia) is a system of kinship
    affiliation, one in which people are related on a
    real or fictive kinship basis and distinguished
    from non-kin.
  • Members of la familia may be located in another
    country.
  • Made up of nuclear and extended families

28
Mexican-American Families
  • The ease of communication between the U.S. and
    Mexico, the economic ties which exist, the
    transfer of money and other factors have led to
    creation of sub-groups.
  • This has also changes the Mexican-American family
    in many ways.

29
Positive
  • The familia has been of great service to new and
    old migrants.
  • Information, monies, cultural events.

30
Negative
  • Young people find la familia structure to
    structured and hard to conform to American
    Standards.
  • Different standards change the resepto of la
    familia roles
  • Elders or parental roles.

31
  • Resources gained through an American nuclear
    familia system (individualistic norms) are not
    being shared with with the extended familia.

32
Cuban Families
  • The strong political and economic status of
    Cubans in America has resulted in the
    re-enforcement of a strong family unit and
    ideology.

33
  • The Cuban American household is more likely to
    include and extended family.
  • This means that there is an older relative
    present on a full time basis who is significant
    in passing on language and traditional cultural
    patterns.

34
Dominican Family
  • Little as been written on the la familia because
    e most are undocumented workers.
  • As with many Latino familia, Dominican familia
    are extended familia systems and friends.

35
  • Dominicans send more money home to support
    relatives.
  • Because most men from the republic work in the
    U.S. the familia system has changed in their home
    country.
  • Women take on head of household roles.
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