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TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN SPAIN

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REVIEW OF NATIONAL EDUCATIVE SYSTEM IN THE LAST 3 DECADES. TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION, TRACE IN SPAIN ... TECNOLOGY AND EDUCATION: Technology Education at University ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN SPAIN


1
TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN SPAIN
  • STEP
  • PROF. JUAN MANUEL ANGUAS
  • Dr. FERNANDO LÓPEZ NOGUERO (PABLO DE OLAVIDE
    UNIVERSITY)
  • RESEARCH. PILAR AGUILERA
  • (SPAIN)

Modular-te Report Spain
2
CONTENTS
  • DEFINITION OF TECHNOLOGY
  • REVIEW OF NATIONAL EDUCATIVE SYSTEM IN THE LAST
    3 DECADES
  • TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION, TRACE IN SPAIN
  • PRIMARY SCHOOL
  • SECONDARY SCHOOL
  • BACCALAUREATE (HIGH SCHOOL)
  • VOCATIONAL TRAINING
  • UNIVERSITY
  • TEACHER TRAININING IN TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION)
  • AREAS COMPLIMENTED BY TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN
    SPAIN

Modular-te Report Spain
3
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION IN SPAIN
  • Technology is defined in Spain as a meeting
    point between different nature knowledge (Based
    in scientific, empirical fundaments) that are
    related to each other to solve a problem emerged
    from a necessity.

Modular-te Report Spain
4
LOGSE (1990) It recovers the importance of the
Technological formation
Lack of information, Few teachers interested
in Technology Education, Short presence of it
in the curriculum…
Vocational Training and Technology not enough
valued (1970-1990)
TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION TRACE IN SPAIN
Few importance of it in the Educative System
LGE (1970-1990)
Traditionally, education focused on humanistic
formation
Modular-te Report Spain
5
TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN SPAIN
6
TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN SPAIN

7

8
VOCATIONAL TRAINING Importance of the Technology
Education, specially in certain professional
families (Mechanical manufacture, Electricity
and electronics, Information and
Telecommunication, etc)
UNIVERSITY There is no Technology
Teacher.Existence of CAP (Pedagogical
Aptitude Certificate for future teachers)
BACCALAUREATE (High School) Technology
itineraries Electrotechnia, Technology Industria
l
SITUATION OF THE TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN SPAIN
PRIMARY EDUCATION (lack of importance, not very
extended specific initiatives, but relevant in
the case of ICTs)The weight of the Technology
Education falls over the ESO, High School and
Vocational Training)
ESO (more presence of it, specific subjects and
possibility of technological itineraries.
Importance in the use of ICTs)
9
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION PRIMARY EDUCATION
  • Education courses to prepare the students for the
    secondary education.
  • Generalistic character, non too much perspective
    technical/technological, in this times have maked
    importants changes in the courses.
  • Introductions to the ICTs
  • Enviromental Knowledge
  • Professionals families
  • Smalls experiments…

10
UNIVERSITY There is not a specific Technology
Teacher.Just one Teacher training course CAP
(Pedagogical Aptitude Course for postgraduated)
VOCATIONAL TRAINING Importance of the Technology
education, specially in certain professional
families (Mechanical manufacture, Electricity
and electronics, Information, telecommunication)
BACCALAUREATE High School (Technological
Itineraries Electrotechnica Technology Industrial
i
SITUATION OF THE TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN SPAIN
PRIMARY EDUCATION (little importance, not
very Specific initiatives, but relevant in the
case of ICTs). Real contact with technology
education inthe ESO, High school and Vocational
Training eduacation.
ESO (relevance of it, specific subjects and
possibility of technological itineraries.
Importance in the use of ICTs)
11

12
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Secondary Obligatory
Education (ESO)
  • Technology is present in these four years of the
    education
  • First and Second course The technology subject
    is compulsory.
  • Third and fourth course The subjects are divided
    in common and specific subjects that will
    constitute the following educative itineraries
  • THIRD COURSE Technological Itinerary and
    Scientific-Humanistic Itinerary
  • FOURTH COURSE Technological Itinerary,
    Scientific Itineraty and the Humanistic itinerary.

13
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Secondary Compulsory
Education
  • Aims of the Technology subject
  • To foment the learning of knowledge and the
    development of skills to understand both,the
    technical objects and how to operate on them.
  • To promote the use of the new Information
    Technologies as tools to explore, analyze,
    interchange and to display the information.
  • To develop the necessary capacities to foment the
    innovated attitude in the search of solutions to
    existing problems.

14
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION COMMON SUBJECTS 1st AND
2nd COURSES ESO
1st ESO Enviromental Sciences Physical
Education Plastic Education Geography and
History Spanish Language and Literature depend
of the case, also the regional language and
literature Foreign Language Maths Technology
Society, Culture and Religion. 2nd ESO
Enviromental Sciences Physical Education
Plastic Education Geography and History Spanish
Language and Literature depend of the case, also
the regional language and literature Foreign
Language Musical Education Maths Technology
Society, Culture and Religion.
15
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION COMMON SUBJECTS 3rd AND
4th COURSES ESO
3rd ESO Biology and Geology Classical Culture
Physical Education Geography and History
Spanish Language and Literature depend of the
case, also the regional language and literature
Foreign Language Society, Culture and Religion
ITINERARY 4st ESO Physical Education Ethic
Geography and History Spanish Language and
Literature depend of the case, also the regional
language and literature Foreign Language
Society, Culture and Religion ITINERARY
16
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION OPTATIVES SUBJECTS 3rd
AND 4th COURSES ESO (ITINERARIES) 3rd COURSE
4st COURSE
The third obtative subject will be determined by
each educative administration betwen the next
ones Music Biology and Geology Physic and
chemistry Technology. Is not possible realized
two diferents versions of the same subject.
17
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY SUBJECT IN
ESO
This subject incorporates new contents of ICTs
Control and Robotic and Electricity and
Electronic (This items are aproximately the 50
of total of curricula of the subject)
18
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION TECHNOLOGY SUBJECT IN
ESO
This Subjects aim is to promote the learning of
knowledge and the development of skills that
allow the technical object comprehension and the
intervention on them. Its pretention is also the
use of the new information technologies as tools
to explore, analyze, interchange and display of
the information. It is also important the
development of the necessary capacities to
promote the innovative attitudes in the search
for existent problem solutions
19
UNIVERSITY There is not a specific Technology
Teacher.Just one Teacher training course CAP
(Pedagogical Aptitude Course for postgraduated)
VOCATIONAL TRAINING Importance of the Technology
education, specially in certain professional
families (Mechanical manufacture, Electricity
and electronics, Information, telecommunication)
BACCALAUREATE High School (Technological
Itineraries Electrotechnica Technology Industrial
i
SITUATION OF THE TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN SPAIN
PRIMARY EDUCATION (little importance, not
very Specific initiatives, but relevant in the
case of ICTs). Real contact with technology
education inthe ESO, High school and Vocational
Training eduacation.
ESO (relevance of it, specific subjects and
possibility of technological itineraries.
Importance in the use of ICTs)
20

21
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Baccalaureate
  • There are two academic courses organized in
    common, specific of each modality and elective
    subjects.
  • The common subjects in the Baccalaureate will
    contribute to the general training of the
    students. Specific and elective ones will provide
    a more specialized training to them, preparing
    them and guiding them towards later studies an
    their future professional work.

22
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Baccalaureate
  • The modalities of the Baccalaureate will be the
    following ones
  • Arts.
  • Sciences and Technology
  • Telectrotechnia
  • Industrial Technology I and II
  • Humanities and Social Sciences.
  • The students will have six specific subjects of
    the chosen modality, three in each course.
  • The Baccalaureste degree enables the student to
    accede to the Superior degree in the Vocational
    training studies and to the University studies.

23
TECNOLOGÍA Y EDUCACIÓN COMUNES DE BACHILLERATO
24
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION ITINERARIOS OPTATIVOS
DE BACHILLERATO
Los alumnos deberán cursar seis asignaturas
específicas de la modalidad elegida, tres en cada
curso
25
UNIVERSITY There is not a specific Technology
Teacher.Just one Teacher training course CAP
(Pedagogical Aptitude Course for postgraduated)
VOCATIONAL TRAINING Importance of the Technology
education, specially in certain professional
families (Mechanical manufacture, Electricity
and electronics, Information, telecommunication)
BACCALAUREATE High School (Technological
Itineraries Electrotechnica Technology Industrial
i
SITUATION OF THE TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN SPAIN
PRIMARY EDUCATION (little importance, not
very Specific initiatives, but relevant in the
case of ICTs). Real contact with technology
education inthe ESO, High school and Vocational
Training eduacation.
ESO (relevance of it, specific subjects and
possibility of technological itineraries.
Importance in the use of ICTs)
26

27
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Vocational Training
  • The Obtaining of the degrees in Expert an
    Advanced expert are ordered in educative cycles
    of specific professional training of average
    degree and superior degree, respectively, grouped
    in professional families.

Modular-te Report Spain
28
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Vocational Training
Technological Professional Families
  • Agrarian.
  • Marine-fishery.
  • Food Industries.
  • Mechanical Manufacture.
  • Installation and maintenance.
  • Electricity and electronics.
  • Energy and water.
  • Transport and maintenance of vehicles.
  • Extractive Industries.
  • Personal Image
  • Health.
  • Security and environment.
  • Chemistry.
  • Construction site.
  • Glass and ceramics.
  • Wood, furniture and cork.
  • Textile, Confection and leather.
  • Graphical Arts.
  • Image and sound.
  • Computer science and communications.
  • Administration and management.
  • Commerce and marketing.
  • Arts and Crafts.
  • Sociocultural Services and Services to the
    community.
  • Catering and tourism.
  • Physical and sport Activities.

29
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Vocational Training
  • These Training education Cycles (including the
    technological ones) include a phase of
    practical training in work placements, promoting
    the participation of the social agents (the most
    important ones in our educative system)
  • The Vocational Training Education in Spain has a
    high level of practical work (technological in
    the case of certain professional families) and
    application to the later labour insertion.
  • The Statutory Law on Qualifications and
    Vocational Training (L.O.C.F.P.) expects that
    the Vocational Training Education covers the
    nowadays labour market demands, promoting an
    education focused on employment and enabling the
    long life learning.

30
UNIVERSITY There is not a specific Technology
Teacher.Just one Teacher training course CAP
(Pedagogical Aptitude Course for postgraduated)
VOCATIONAL TRAINING Importance of the Technology
education, specially in certain professional
families (Mechanical manufacture, Electricity
and electronics, Information, telecommunication)
BACCALAUREATE High School (Technological
Itineraries Electrotechnica Technology Industrial
i
SITUATION OF THE TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION IN SPAIN
PRIMARY EDUCATION (little importance, not
very Specific initiatives, but relevant in the
case of ICTs). Real contact with technology
education inthe ESO, High school and Vocational
Training eduacation.
ESO (relevance of it, specific subjects and
possibility of technological itineraries.
Importance in the use of ICTs)
31

32
TECNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Technology Education at
University
  • University has suffered great changes in the last
    years in Spain.
  • Increase in the number of students and
    qualifications (different degrees)
  • Investigation and projects increase ID
  • Creation of new Universities (multiplied for
    three in the last 15 years)
  • Lack of teaching training (knowledge, but not its
    further transmission)
  • Innovative academic vision. More attention to
    application and innovative aspects.

33
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Technology Education at
University MORE REMARKABLE DEGREES
  • Ingeneering Modality
  • Aeronáutic
  • Forestry
  • Roads, channels and ports
  • Naval
  • Chemistry
  • Industrial
  • Telecommunications
  • Agrícultural, etc.
  • Physics
  • Chemistry
  • Architecture
  • Concrete Sciences
  • Ingeneer (5 years)
  • Technical ingeneer (3 years)… etc.

34
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Technology education
teacher training in Spanish Universities
  • PEDAGOGICAL APTITUD CERTIFICATE (1970, General
    Law of Education)
  • The Licensed, engineers, or architects that want
    to orient their professional studies towards
    secondary education will need an initial didactic
    and pedagogical training that is provided by the
    CAP
  • It is a Compulsory Degree needed to teach in the
    public secondary obligatory education and it is
    considered as a postgraduation course.
  • Almost all the Universities, through the ICE
    (Institute of Educational Sciences) develop these
    courses for the obtaining of such Certificate of
    Pedagogical Aptitud (CAP).

Modular-te Report Spain
35
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Technology education
teacher training in Spanish Universities
  • The structure and organization of the course will
    differ depending on the ICE that elaborates the
    programme, but generally the course for the
    obtaining of the CAP consists of two cycles, one
    theoretical and another practical that usually
    last 5 months.
  • The draft bill of the Statutory Law of Education
    says that for the exercise of the docence it will
    be necessary to have an initial didactic
    training, tht will be held by the Universities,
    within the frame of the future degrees of
    University Studies.

Modular-te Report Spain
36
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION Teacher Training in
Technology Education in Spanish Universities
  • The CAP consists on between 100 y 300 hours (10
    to 30 credits), divided in a Theoretical part
    (50 to 200 hours) and a practical one (from 50
    to 150 hours)

37
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION IN SPAIN (INTERACTION IN
THE CLASS-ROOM)
  • In the area of Technology the activities carried
    out are iniciation, development, synthesis,
    reinforcement, etc. With the pretention of ensure
    the building up of significant learnings.
  • Generally, the activities are organized around
    the methodic process of problem resolution. This
    process has to phases draft-project or study,
    design of a solution, working planning, carry out
    of the practical training and execution and
    testing or evaluation.

38
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION IN SPAIN
  • In Spain, Technology Education is understood as
    a conjunction of both knowledge-action, with an
    equivalent treatment.
  • The manipulation of materials without the
    necessary technical knowledge could guide us to
    an useless activity production, and thus, a too
    academic teaching-learning process, with no
    practical training, design and making, has not
    real application and, therefore can not be put in
    practice.

39
SOCIOCULTURAL (the environmental, historic and
econimic considerations, etc.)
EXPRESSIVE (the drawing, the report making,
plan and schemes, etc.)
METHODIC (the plannification, the organized
method to solve problems, tasks organization,
etc.)
AREAS COMPLIMENTED BY TE IN SPAIN
SCIENTIFIC (the calculation, measure, and
application of the scientific knowledge, the
experimentation, etc.)
TECHNICAL (the work with tools, materials,
instruments, etc.)
40
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION IN SPAIN Technology
workshop
  • It is an unique space organized, for practical
    reasons, en three areas teaching room, workshop
    and store.
  • In the classroom the teacher gives explanations
    and the students propose solutions, draw,
    planify, make reports, etc.
  • The workshop is the area in which the technical
    works that require the use of tools and
    machinery, or fitting equipments.
  • The store is a space of some centres, where the
    materials used in the area are kept. The store
    activities offer didactic interest link to the
    order, the plannification, the control and the
    working organization.
  • Othe areas are the ones choosen to keep the works
    in process of execution or those used to
    expositions of students works.

41
TECHNOLOGY AND EDUCATION REAL EXAMPLES (ESO
LEVEL 12-16 YEARS )

  • To Design and make a ramp in which a small ball
    will go from an extreme to another in 15 seconds
  • To make an object that will move by itsown,
    straight on and on the floor, a distance of 2
    metres.Construir un objeto que sea capaz de
    desplazarse por si mismo, en línea recta y por el
    suelo, una distancia de 2  metros". 
  • To Design and make a scale machine that solve
    the rise and down of building material, etc. The
    second floor (height 9.5 metres) and must have a
    continuous functioning

42
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION
  • STEP
  • PROF. JUAN MANUEL ANGUAS
  • Dr. FERNANDO LÓPEZ NOGUERO (PABLO DE OLAVIDE
    UNIVERSITY)
  • RESEARCH. PILAR AGUILERA
  • (SPAIN)

Modular-te Report Spain
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