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Andrew Jackson

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(specie) $ state bankers felt. it restrained their. banks from issuing ... Results of the Specie Circular. Banknotes loose their value. Land sales plummeted. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Andrew Jackson


1
Andrew Jackson 1828-1836 (Presidency) 1767 -
1845 (Life)
2
Essential Question 1
Champion of the Common Man?
King Andrew?
Champion of the Common Man?
OR
3
Essential Question 2
Should Andrew Jackson be on the 20 dollar bill?
4
  • Political Changes in the Early 19th Century

5
The Age of "Jacksonian Democracy"
An new era of American politics
6
Voter Turnout 1820 - 1860
7
Write in your notebook
  • The political changes illustrated by the maps
    and the chart on the last 2 slides.

8
Jacksons Faith in the Common Man
  • Intense distrust of Eastern establishment,
    monopolies, special privilege.
  • Heart was with the plain folk.
  • Belief that the common man was capable of
    uncommon achievements.

9
Canvassing for a Vote by George Caleb Bingham
How do you think this painting illustrates the
new democracy?
10
How does the Kentucky state seal exemplify
democratic culture?
11
Davy Crockett A Symbol of Jacksonian Democracy
12
Characteristics of Jacksonian Dem.
  • Greater equality among white men
  • Plain folk get political positions
  • Voters chose their states slate of Presidential
    electors.
  • Popular campaigning (parades, rallies, barbeques,
    etc.)

13
Jacksons Inaugural Party
14
The New Jackson Coalition
  • The Planter Elite in the South
  • People on the Frontier
  • State Politicians spoils system
  • Immigrants in the cities.

15
Essential Question 1
Issues 1.) Spoils System 2.) Tariffs and the
American System 3.) Nullification Crisis 4.)
Indian Removal 5.) Bank of the United States

16
The Spoils System.
  • Giving political supporters government jobs /
    taking them away from people who did not support
    you.
  • Jackson replaced 1 in 10 people in the government
    with Loyal Democrats
  • Said any reasonably intelligent and honest
    person could do a political job.
  • Gave many common people opportunities
  • Led to corruption and incompetence

17
  • TARIFFS
  • THE AMERICAN SYSTEM

18
Tariffs the American System
  • - Andrew Jackson _____________ high
  • (fill in
    the blank)
  • tariffs.
  • -Andrew Jackson _________ the
  • (fill in the
    blank)
  • Nationalist Republicans American System.

opposed
opposed
19
Jackson vs. the Nationalists
States can pay for Their own roads! No need to
raise tariffs for that!
Jackson didnt like these guys, but really
didnt like. .
These guys started the American system
20
The Nullification Issue
21
Tariff of 1828
  • Higher tariff
  • Jackson dislikes
  • John C. Calhoun (VP), of SC writes The South
    Carolina Exposition, advising nullification of
    tariffs which benefit some states but hurt others.

22
Jacksons Birthday Party

Jackson Our Federal Unionit must be
preserved.
Calhoun The Union, next to our liberty,
most dear.
23
The Webster-Hayne Debate
Sen. Daniel Webster MA
Sen. Robert Hayne SC
Webster Liberty and Union, now and
forever, one and inseparable.
24
Nullification Crisis
  • 1832 tariff lowered
  • SC NULLIFIES it!
  • Force Bill Jackson will bring army to SC if it
    refuses to pay the tariff.
  • SC backs down

25
Indian Removal
26
The Cherokee Nation After 1820
27
Indian Removal
  • Poor whites want Indian lands in Southeast
  • 1830 ? Indian Removal Act
  • Worcester v. GA (1832)
  • Jackson John Marshall has made his
    decision, now let him enforce it!

28
Indian Removal
29
Trail of Tears (1838-1839)
30
Jacksons Professed Love for Native Americans
31
The Bank of the United States Issue
32
The National Bank Debate
President Jackson
Nicholas Biddle
33
Jacksons Opinion of the Bank
  • Popular opinion - Bank caused the Panic of 1819
  • Elites use bank to control the country

34
Clays Election of 1832 Scheme
  • Bank charter expired in 1836
  • Bill to renew in 1832
  • Get Jackson to veto
  • Publish veto message expose Jacksons
    irrationality

35
Jacksons veto message
  • . . .every man is equally entitled to
    protection by law but when the laws undertake to
    add to those natural and just advantages
    artificial distinctions. . .and exclusive
    privileges. . .the humble members of society
    the farmers, mechanics, and laborers. . .have a
    right to complain of the injustice to their
    government

36
Clays Scheme Backfires
  • Jacksons message charms the public, which feels
    the same.
  • Clay loses election of 1832

37
Jackson Kills the Bank
  • Jackson sees his election as mandate to kill the
    bank
  • Stops all federal deposits into the Bank
  • Removes all money from the Bank

38
(No Transcript)
39
Panic of 1837
  • A result of killing the Bank was a massive
    depression that lasted until 1840.

40
Panic of 1837
  • Major cause irresponsible pet banks
  • Worst depression yet! Lasts until 1840

Give me my Specie!
PET BANK
One BIG client that lost deposits was the Fed.
Govt
Everyone else got nervous and took it all.
Sorry
41
Results of the 1824 Election
A Corrupt Bargain?
42
The Tariff Issue
43
1832 Tariff Conflict
  • 1828 --gt Tariff of Abomination
  • 1832 --gt new tariff
  • South Carolinas reaction?
  • Jacksons response?

44
Jacksons Use of Federal Power
VETO
1830 ? Maysville Road project in KY
state of his political rival, Henry
Clay
45
Opposition to the 2nd B.U.S.
Soft (paper)
Hard (specie)
  • state bankers felt it restrained their banks from
    issuing bank notes freely.
  • supported rapid economic growth speculation.
  • felt that coin was the only safe currency.
  • didnt like any bank that issued bank notes.
  • suspicious of expansion speculation.

46
The Monster Is Destroyed!
  • pet banks?
  • 1832 ? Jackson vetoed the extension of
    the 2nd National Bank of the
    United States.
  • 1836 ? the charter expired.
  • 1841 ? the bank went bankrupt!

47
The Downfall of Mother Bank
48
An 1832 Cartoon King Andrew?
49
King Andrew
Used veto more times than previous 6 presidents
combined Vetoed laws against his taste, not
because of constitutionality Ignored Supreme
Court rulings
50
  • National Republicans ? Whigs

51
1832 Election Results
Main Issue?
52
Results of the Specie Circular
  • Banknotes loose their value.
  • Land sales plummeted.
  • Credit not available.
  • Businesses began to fail.
  • Unemployment rose.

The Panic of 1837!
53
  • National Republicans ? Whigs

54
The 1836 Election Results
Martin Van Buren Old Kinderhook O. K.
55
The Panic of 1837 Spreads Quickly!
56
Andrew Jackson in Retirement
57
Photo of Andrew Jackson in 1844 (one year before
his death)
1767 - 1845
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