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Habsburg Empire

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Fearful of fate of Spanish Habsburgs ... Frederick II Prussia will invade Silesia to contest Maria Theresa's reign/power. Hohenzollerns ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Habsburg Empire


1
Habsburg Empire
  • Difficulty because of many areas, nationalities
  • Leopold I (1658 1705) fought Ottomans
  • Charles VI (r.1711-1740) - no male heir
  • Fearful of fate of Spanish Habsburgs
  • Pragmatic Sanction allowed Maria Theresa to
    reign (r.1740-1780)
  • Frederick II Prussia will invade Silesia to
    contest Maria Theresas reign/power

2
Hohenzollerns
  • Rose up under the vacuum after Treaty of
    Westphalia
  • Territory (Prussia) not all connected
  • Junker class ruled, Hohenzollerns were the
    predominant family

3
Rise to Power
  • Frederick William, The Great Elector
    (r.1640-1688) built army and junker class
  • Frederick I (r. 1688-1713) gave army to Leopold
    I during Spanish Succession received title King
    of Prussia

4
Prussia builds Army
  • Frederick William I (r.1713-1740) organized
    country based upon military
  • Officer corp highest status
  • Rarely used military
  • Frederick II (The Great) r. 1740-1786 would use
    military extensively including War of Austrian
    Succession

5
ROMANOV (1613-1917)
  • Ivan IV The Terrible (r.1533-1584) great
    early, horrible ending
  • Killed son leaving throne to compromised son
  • Russia was divided in power vacuum many
    pretenders to the throne all claimed to be
    Dmitri son of Ivan the Terrible
  • Poland under leader Sigismund invaded and
    occupied Russia
  • Sweden invaded the Baltic regions of Russia
  • Boyars turned to 17 Year Old Michael Romanov to
    lead (r.1613-1645)

6
Peter the Great
  • Ascended to throne (r.1682-1725), shared with
    Ivan V
  • Supported by streltsy
  • Tsar must control boyars, streltsy
  • Traveled NW Europe
  • Wanted to westernize Russia

7
Peters Rule
  • Upon return crushed steltsy rebels
  • Built large army through conscription
  • Built large navy
  • Broke down boyar traditions westernized
  • Built St. Petersburg

8
Great Northern War / Aleksei
  • Russia vs. Sweden (1700-1721)
  • Peace of Nystad Russia gets part of Finland,
    Estonia, Livonia guarantees a warm water port
  • Son Aleksei from first marriage was a threat he
    was rumored to conspire with Habsburg Charles VI
    father investigated
  • Died mysteriously in 1718 leaves lack of
    successor

9
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