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Mid18th Century Wars and the Diplomatic Revolution

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... and seized the Habsburg province of Silesia. 1740. War of the. Austrian Succession, ... The war ended with few changes except for Prussia's annexation of Silesia ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mid18th Century Wars and the Diplomatic Revolution


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(No Transcript)
2
Mid-18th Century Wars and the Diplomatic
Revolution
War of the Austrian Succession
Seven Years War
3
The 5 Great Powers that dominate European affairs
for 200 years are in place
4
England (Britain), France, Prussia,
Austrian(Habsburg) Empire,and Russia
5
After the Glorious Revolution (1688), Britain
(England) became the leader opposing the growth
of French power
6
Britain (England) and France fought in the War of
the League of Augsburg (1689-1697) and the War of
the Spanish Succession (1701-1714)
7
Britain (England) and France had become major
rivals in building overseas colonial empires
8
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The Balance of Power established by the Peace of
Utrecht (1713) lasted until 1740
10
Prussia continued to rise challenging Austrian
(Habsburg) power in Central Europe
11
Hapsburg Emperor Charles VI
hoped to protect the inheritance of his heir, his
daughterMaria Theresa
12
Charles VI got the ruling monarchs of the Great
Powers to agree to the Pragmatic Sanction to
respect Maria Theresas inheritance
13
Russia had become a major European power since
defeating Sweden in the Great Northern War (1721)
14
Britain and Spain began a war at sea over British
trade access to Spanish coloniesWar of Jenkins
Ear1739
15
1740
16
Prussia invaded and seized the Habsburg province
of Silesia
1740
17
War of theAustrian Succession,1740-1748
18
France, Prussia, and Spain vs.Great Britain,
Austrian Empire and the Netherlands
19
The war ended with few changes except for
Prussias annexation of Silesia
20
Maria Theresa had shown that a woman could rule
the Habsburg Empire
21
1748-1756
22
The Diplomatic Revolution
1756
23
Prime Minister William Pitt believed British
national interests were in an EmpireIt should
try to avoid continental wars
24
The problem was Hanover
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Britain and Prussia formed an Alliance
26
The best Navy (Britain) was allied with the best
Army (Prussia)
27
Britain was freed from protecting Hanover so it
could concentrate on its overseas empire
28
France andAustria, traditional rivals, were
forced into an alliance
Louis XVI
Marie Antoinette
29
Russia, intimidated by Prussia with its British
ally, dropped its isolation
30
Fighting began in North America in 1754,the
French and Indian War,setting off war in Europe
31
Seven Years War,1756-1763
32
France, Spain, Austria and Russiavs.Great
Britain and Prussia
33
ResultsTreaty of Paris of 1763 Britain forced
France out of both North America and India
34
ResultsBritain was the big winner.France was
the big loser.Austria, Prussia and Russia broke
even.
35
Britain gained control of Canada and India was
open to British colonization
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North America, 1713
37
North America, 1763
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India, 1763
39
Great Britain was the big winner but the other
powers saw it threatening the balance of power.
40
Predict the behavior of the European powers for
the next war
41
And the next war, the next opportunity that the
European powers have a chance to do something
about the balance of power, is. . .
42
. . . the Revolution of Britains North American
colonies in 1775
43
How do you expect the other powers to behave when
Britains colonies attempt to break away in 1776?
44
United States France Spain Netherlands
vs.
Britain
Neutral but anti-British Russia, Austria, Prussia
45
THEEND
46
Another
ã GAR 2000
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