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Revelation

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Signs in heaven: woman, dragon, the beast, the lamb, and the plagues ... Unnumbered visions dramatizing cosmic battle between lamb and dragon ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Revelation


1
Revelation
  • Reminds us of early Christian hope in quick
    transformation of world
  • Gods prearranged plan
  • Christs universal reign immanent
  • Apokalypsisunveiling
  • Cryptic language of metaphor and symbol
  • Positioned at close of Christian scripturesnot
    last chronologically

2
Revelation
  • Dates from 95-96 CE
  • Apocalyptic hope
  • Reintroduces Jesus as major character
  • Changed
  • No longer humanized
  • Messiah-king who slays enemies
  • Not there to forgive sins
  • Inflicts punishment

3
Revelation
  • New order only through Gods direct involvement
    in human world
  • Jesus must act as Gods judge and destroyer
  • Not immediately accepted into canon
  • Luther doubted its authority re Christ
  • Only complete apocalypse of Christian scriptures
  • Tradition of Daniel, Joel, Enoch, and 2Edras

4
Revelation
  • Early theory of authorship suggested John the
    apostle
  • Author now known as John of Patmos
  • Itinerant Christian prophet
  • Mystic/visionary
  • No official position in any church
  • Likely a native of Palestine

5
Revelation
  • Written late in reign of Domitian
  • Son of Vespasian and younger brother of Titus
  • Titus (79-81 CE) defeated Jewish revolt against
    Rome and destroyed Jewish temple
  • Domitian accepted divine honors
  • Became worshipped in areas of Empire
  • May not have personally demanded Emperor worship
  • Emperor worship common mechanism for earning
    citizenship

6
Revelation
  • Encourages division between believers and
    Greco-Roman society
  • Emphasizes the tremendous odds against true
    believers
  • Must maintain separation from pagans and
    oppressors of Greco-Roman world

7
Order of Revelation
  • Prologue
  • Jesus letters to 7 churches of Asia Minor
  • Visions from heaven seven seals/seven trumpets
  • Signs in heaven woman, dragon, the beast, the
    lamb, and the plagues
  • Visions of the great whore and the fall of
    Babylon (Rome)

8
Order of Revelation
  • Visions of the eschaton the warrior Messiah,
    imprisonment of the beast and Satan, judgment of
    the dead, final defeat of evil
  • Visions of the new heaven and a new earth
    descent of heavenly Jerusalem to earth
  • Epilogue authenticity of visions

9
Revelation
  • Structure Immense cycle starting and ending in
    physical reality
  • Encompasses broad range of unseen regions of
    heaven and future
  • Classic portrait of divine being
  • Male deity with snow-white hair, flaming eyes,
    incandescent feet and sharp sword coming from
    mouth
  • Designed to surpass gods of other cultures

10
Revelation
  • 7 churches presented as important/sacred as
    golden candelabrum in Jerusalem sanctuary
  • Display Christs light on world
  • John presents himself as recording secretary
  • Recording words of divine voice

11
Revelation
  • 2 series of visions
  • 7 seals
  • 7 trumpets
  • Assure believers in immanent deliverance
  • First four sealsfour horsemen of apocalypse
  • Fifth sealChristian martyrs who cry for
    vengeance
  • Sixth sealseismic and astronomical phenomena
  • Seventh sealvision of seven trumpetsplagues

12
Revelation
  • Ch. 12signs in heaven
  • Unnumbered visions dramatizing cosmic battle
    between lamb and dragon
  • Spiritual counterpart to earthly Armageddon
  • Vision of woman dressed in sun, moon, and
    starsIsrael
  • Vision of dragonSatan
  • Recalls earlier apocalyptic bests (e.g. Tiamat,
    Leviathan)

13
Revelation
  • Vision of the Roman beast10 hors and seven heads
  • Rome as earthly embodiment of dragons evil
  • Nero Caesar666
  • 1st Christian to persecute Christians
  • Rome as corrupt whore adorned with jewels
  • New Babylon doomed to fall

14
Revelation
  • Vision of Eschatonfinal series of conflict
    visions
  • Lambs ultimate triumph over dragon
  • Angel hurls dragon into abyss
  • Dragon imprisoned for 1,000 yearsthe millennium
  • 1,000 year prelude to gods kingdom
  • Martyrs to return with Christ
  • Image of lake of fireplace of punishment

15
Revelation
  • Emphasis on divine wrath
  • Questionable if Revelations god displays divine
    love
  • Revelation does not transcend binary of good/evil
  • Evil merely annihilated
  • Good fails to redirect evilonly suspends
  • God and Satan use similar methods of destruction
    and pain

16
Revelation
  • 1 Self-conscious opening
  • Time of fulfillment near
  • Author in exile
  • Image of divine
  • Sevens
  • 2 Endurance
  • Jesus words for 7 churches
  • Jezebel

17
Revelation
  • 3 Wake up people
  • Coming soon
  • Love, reprove, discipline
  • 4 Vision of what must take place
  • 5 7 seals
  • Breaking of sealsLamb to open
  • 6 4 horsemen
  • Martyrs
  • Earthquakes
  • 7 Seal of living god

18
Revelation
  • 144,000 marked with seal
  • All nations represented?
  • Passed through great ordeal
  • 8 7th sealprompts 7 trumpets
  • Mountains and rivers of fire
  • Woe to inhabitants of earth
  • 9 Key to abyssabyss opened
  • Dragon thrown in abyss
  • Cannot be killed

19
Revelation
  • Angels to kill 1/3 of humankind
  • 10 Time nearno more delay
  • 11 Two witnesses given authority to prophesize
  • Beast to return from abyss
  • 12 Woman robed with sun
  • 7 headed dragon
  • Birth of militaristic messiah
  • Cosmic wardragon thrown down to earth

20
Revelation
  • Sacrifice of lamb conquers dragon
  • 13 new beast
  • World worships beast
  • Beast allowed to wage war
  • Beast allowed to be worshipped
  • 14 Lamb on Mount Zion
  • Only the 144,000 can learn the song
  • Men who stayed away from women

21
Revelation
  • Time and endurance
  • 15 7 plagues
  • 16 Sores
  • Another earthquake
  • 17 Great whore of Babylon/Rome
  • Book of life
  • 18 Merchants of mighty city
  • Traders

22
Revelation
  • 19 Wedding banquet of lamb
  • Christ as Logos
  • Militaristic Messiah
  • Beast and false prophets in lake of fire
  • 20 Satan chained for 1,000 years in abyss
  • After 1,000 years, must be let out again
  • Book of life for Judgment
  • 21 New heaven/New earth
  • Old order has passed away

23
Revelation
  • 21 Angel uses human measurements for new
    Jerusalem
  • New Jerusalem doesnt need sun or moon
  • Splendor of god keeps it illuminated
  • 22 Time coming soon
  • Let the thirsty come
  • Curse on editors
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