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Liveable Kuala Lumpur

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Title: Liveable Kuala Lumpur


1
Liveable Kuala Lumpur
  • presented by
  • Nurazizi Mokhtar City Hall Kuala Lumpur

2
City as a living organism
  • We must treat the city like a living organism
    the urban phenomenon then, like life, is founded
    on a subtle balancing act. If we want a city to
    function properly as a society, then that balance
    must not be upset.
  • B. Cools. 1997. "The Future of the City"

3
City as a living organism
  • The brain and nervous system of a livable city
    refers to participatory processes by which a city
    develops visions and plans, monitors the
    implementation of its plans and adjusts to
    changing circumstances.

The heart is the common values and public space
of a city that define its essential identity.
The city centre, neighbourhoods, industrial
clusters, parks and other hubs form the organs of
a city.
The circulatory system and neural networks that
weave connections within a living organism are
transportation routes, infrastructure, waste
disposal, communication lines, water flows and
green spaces.
4
Kuala Lumpur Structure Plan 2020
  • The vision
  • Kuala Lumpur A World Class City
  • A world-class working environment
  • A world-class living environment
  • A world-class business environment
  • A world-class city governance

5
Citizen Involvement
participatory processes
  • All citizens should have a voice in
    decision-making, either directly or through
    legitimate intermediate institutions that
    represent their interests.
  • Active involvement of citizens in visioning,
    planning, implementing and monitoring its
    development plans.

6
Participation in Structure Plan Preparation
participatory processes
  • Invited views and comments from various
    government departments, professional bodies,
    institutions of higher learning and
    non-governmental organizations.
  • Gathered through meetings, workshops and seminars
    and had been considered in the formulation of the
    Plan.
  • Draft Plan amended based on views of the public.

7
Kuala Lumpur Local Plan preparation
participatory processes
  • Making the local plan process a public process
    that charts the future plan for local
    stakeholders.
  • Community-based effort that reflects local
    values.
  • A plan that is prepared with and for the people.
  • Important process in creating a dynamic plan for
    the future.

8
Levels of Consultations
TECHNICAL WORKING GROUPS
participatory processes
TWG 1 Legal, Land, Implementation Management
TWG 2 Use Class Rules
TWG 3 World Class City Economic Growth
TWG 4 Land Use Environment
TWG 5 Transportation
TWG 6 Utilities
TWG 2 Community Development
FOCUS GROUP DISCUSSION
World Class Definition for Kuala Lumpur
Business Commerce Tourism Informal Sectors
Disable Youth Single Mothers
Special Areas Bukit Jalil-Seputeh Bandar Tun
Razak
Special Areas City Centre Damansara-Penchala
Special Areas Sentul-Menjalara Wangsa
Maju-Maluri
BRAINSTORMING AND WORKSHOP
World Class Definition for Kuala Lumpur
Business Commerce Tourism Informal Sectors
Disable Youth Single Mothers
Special Areas Bukit Jalil-Seputeh Bandar Tun
Razak
Special Areas City Centre Damansara-Penchala
Special Areas Sentul-Menjalara Wangsa
Maju-Maluri
9
Focus Group Discussions
participatory processes
Business community
10
Focus Group Discussions
participatory processes
Disable and Single Mothers
11
Focus Group Discussions
participatory processes
Youth
12
Public participation in the development control
process
participatory processes
  • In evaluating planning applications, which
    propose for changes in approved land use or
    increase in density, the adjoining landowners
    were invited to give comments or objections.
  • Major considerations when deciding on the
    development applications.

13
One Stop Complaint Centre
participatory processes
  • Provide public with simple procedures to ensure
    fair and swift action on suggestions and
    grievances.
  • One Stop Complaint Centre has received complaints
    through telephone, radio, Internet, letters,
    newspapers, facsimile and e-mails.
  • Setting up counter service in all departments
    that have direct dealing with the public.

14
The monitoring capability
Monitoring capability
  • A livable city develops the capability to measure
    progress towards its goals, to
  • encourage experimentation and test new ideas,
  • learn from experience,
  • adapt strategies in order to take into account
    dynamic circumstances and shifting priorities,
    and
  • quickly respond to opportunities and challenges.

15
Where are we now?
Monitoring capability
Coperhagen
SEOUL
Montreel
TOKYO
TORONTO
Beijing
Stockholm
MOSCOW
Various definitions mainly from economic
perspectives
Minnespolis
Boston
Amsterdam
Osaka
Hamburg
NEW YORK
HONG KONG
Shanghai
SAN FRANCISCO
Dusseldort
LONDON
Warsaw
Berlin
CHICAGO
BRUSSELS
Taipei
LOS ANGELES
FRANKFURT
Washington
Bangkok
PARIS
Atlanta
Prague
Manila
Dallas
WORLD CLASS CITY CRITERIA
KUALA LUMPUR
Miami
ZURICH
Munich
Geneva
Houston
Budapest
SINGAPORE
Barcelona
MEVICO CITY
MILAN
Jakarta
Population
Caracas
MADRID
Rome
Istanbul
SYDNEY
SAO PAULO
Familiarity (Well-known)
Sanbiago
Melboume
Buences Aires
Johannesburg
International Airport
Western Europe
Northern America
Asia Pacific
Advanced Transportation System
International cultures and communities
International events and world affairs
Financial institutions, law firms, corporate
headquarters stock exchanges
Lively Cultural Scene
Source Globalization World Cities Study Group
Network (GaWC) Inventory
16
Where are we now?
Monitoring capability
1. Vancouver, Canada 2. Melbourne, Australia
3. Vienna, Austria 4. Geneva, Switzerland 5.
Perth, Australia 6. Adelaide, Australia 7.
Sydney,Australia 8. Zurich, Switzerland 9.
Toronto, Canada 10.Calgary, Canada
Worlds Most Liveable Cities
Criteria for ranking 40 indicator in 5 categories
Vancouver
41. Hong Kong 54. Singapore
Stability
87. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Health Care
Culture
122. Phnom Penh, Cambodia 123. Lagos, Nigeria
124. Karachi, Pakistan 125. Dhaka,
Bangladesh 126. Algiers, Algeria 127. Port
Moresby, Papua New Guinea
Infrastructure
Education
Melbourne
Environment
Source Economist Intelligent Unit (EIU), 2002
ranking over 127 cities
Source Economist Intelligent Unit (EIU), 2002
ranking over 127 cities
17
Where are we now?
Monitoring capability
18
Urban indicators
Monitoring capability
  • Developing sets of urban indicators that will
    measure performances and trends in the 5 key
    areas such as city economy, city structure, city
    living environment, city image and city
    governance.
  • Help to measure progress in the implementation of
    the KLSP 2020.
  • Benchmarked against the best in the world.

19
Distinctive identity
  • To define its own distinctive identity reflective
    of its tropical climate and multi ethnic
    population.
  • Manifested in the built and natural environments
    and the everyday way of life of the Citys
    inhabitants as well as the various forms of
    cultural expression.

20
  • The distinctive way of life in Kuala Lumpur,
    which stems in part from the ethnic and cultural
    diversity of its people will be given greater
    emphasis.
  • Enhance culture and arts while preserve buildings
    and historical areas or architectural values as
    heritage and be promoted as tourism products.

21
Improving the quality of life
  • Provide a safe and secure environment for the
    Citys residents, while creating a more caring
    society.
  • Widen the scope of concerns to address the needs
    of the aged, disabled and disadvantaged.

22
Thriving cultural environment
  • A more developed and sophisticated society which
    looks for cultural and artistic stimulus and a
    thriving cultural environment.
  • A modern entity with a distinctive city identity
    and image which is endowed with a richness of
    arts and culture.

Petronas Philharmonic Orchestra
23
  • The ethnic and cultural composition of the city
    determines its character.
  • Vibrant multi-ethnic and multi-cultural society
    provide the stimulus to guide urban design
    initiatives to create a distinct and unique city
    identity.

Istana Budaya
24
Complete communities
  • A livable city contains complete communities with
  • mixed-use and affordable housing close to
    shopping, employment, cultural centres
  • pedestrian-friendly transportation networks
  • vital inner city with public spaces and economic
    activity
  • industrial clusters with shared infrastructures
    and
  • green spaces and parks.

25
Integrated transport linkages
  • Providing complete and integrated transport
    linkages with more intensive developments near to
    transit terminals.
  • Encourage mixed-use developments incorporating
    high density residential, high plot ratio
    commercial as well as community and business
    facilities, thus greatly reducing reliance on
    private transportation by making accessibility
    flexible and convenient.

26
The City Centre
  • Create a complete living environment in the inner
    city that provides the very best business and
    working environments.
  • Attracting more people to live in the City
    Centre.

27
Special commercial precincts
  • The area within KLCC shall be developed as the
    main commercial hub,
  • The area around Jalan Bukit Bintang enhanced as a
    premier tourist precinct.
  • Part of the area on the former government
    quarters, at Jalan Davis, shall be developed into
    a comprehensive market, hawkers and food centre.

28
Adequate mix of housing
  • Ensure adequate mix of housing that meets the
    needs of the population and commensurate with the
    Citys population income distribution.
  • Need to provide public housing for rental at
    subsidised rates.

29
Circulatory Systems
  • transportation network that prioritizes walking,
    public transportation and efficient movement of
    goods, and enables pedestrian-friendly
    communities
  • the flow of resources that sustain its activities
    including water, materials, sewage, and waste
  • access to energy resources
  • green corridors for biodiversity habitat and
    recreation
  • access to the communication systems including
    information and communication technologies

30
Transportation Networks
  • If current trends continue, motorised trips by
    car in 2020 are expected to be almost double
    those of 1997.
  • Increasing road capacity by constructing new
    roads and widening existing roads do not, in the
    long run, resolve the situation but simply
    postpone the problem until more roads need to be
    built..

31
Public Transport
  • Travel Demand Management strategy to redirect
    movement patterns from private to public
    transport by integrating transport modes,
    extending and promoting public transport and
    discouraging the use of private transport.
  • The public transport system in the City must be
    competitive, convenient, user-friendly and
    accessible to all income groups.

32
Rail Systems
Kelana Jaya Line
Ampang Line Sri Petaling Line
  • KELANA JAYA LINE (Formerly known as PUTRA Line)
  • 29km in length with a total of 24 stations.
  • Its first operation commenced on September 1998
  • 170,000 passengers a day and over 350,000 a day
    during national events.
  • AMPANG LINE and SRI PETALING LINE (Formerly known
    as STAR line)
  • 27km in length with a total of 25 stations.
  • Phase I was opened in September 1998
  • 130,000 to 150,000 passengers a day on a weekday
    basis and an average of 120,000 per day on
    weekends.

33
Rail Systems
  • KL Monorail
  • With a total of 11 fully elevated stations, each
    between 600 - 1,000 metres apart,
  • Currently capable of handling up to a maximum
    5,000 passengers per hour per direction,
    operating at 3 minutes headway with 12 numbers of
    2-car trains.
  • 8.6km route from Titiwangsa station to the KL
    Sentral station
  • KTM Komuter
  • electrified commuter train service first
    introduced in 1995,
  • 153 km network has 41 stations and consists of
    the Sentul-Port Klang and Rawang-Seremban lines.

34
  • The major growth areas in Kuala Lumpur are now
    well linked to the City Centre except those on
    the east-west axis.
  • The feasibility of a new Damansara - Cheras LRT
    line linking growth areas in the east and west
    shall be investigated together with new rail
    links to serve district centres, comprehensive
    development areas and growth areas.

35
Bus System
  • RAPID BUS operates 134 routes in the Klang Valley
    including the suburban feeder service to
    complement the LRT systems.
  • Currently, it has a fleet of 1255 buses and
  • Plans to gradually introduce more 15 minutes
    frequency throughout its system.

36
RapidKL
  • Providing an integrated public transport system
    in the Klang Valley incorporating rail and bus
    services
  • Incorporated in July 2004 and operational since
    November 2004.
  • Today transports around 3.3 million passengers
    per week 2.1 million on the LRTs and 1.3 million
    on the bus system,
  • A 100 government-owned company under the
    Ministry of Finance.

37
Green Networks
  • A framework of landscaped connections utilizing
  • road, rail and river corridors,
  • infrastructure and utility reserves,
  • parks, plazas and widened
  • landscaped street verges will connect major parks
  • provide a focus for the residential communities
    through which it passes

38
  • Transform Kuala Lumpur into a Tropical Garden
    City.
  • Landscaping and beautification programmes carried
    out in recent years have proved to be extremely
    successful
  • intensify and broaden the landscaping and
    beautification programmes

39
Green Lung
  • More than 1,500 hectares of open spaces and
    recreational areas
  • Open space/population ratio of 11 hectares per
    10,000 people, compared to 6 hectares per 10,000
    people in 1980.
  • Create more open space to achieve higher quality
    living environment.

40
Holistic Approach
  • We need to view the efforts in improving the
    livability of Kuala Lumpur in a holistic manner.
  • Programmes for providing physical facilities must
    be in tandem with social, spiritual and economic
    programmes.

41
Thank You
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