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GeorgesPierre Seurat 18591891 Pointillism


Georges-Pierre Seurat. 1859-1891. Pointillism. Self-Portrait 1880 ... Pointillism ... a way of painting called 'pointillism' in which individual dots of color ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GeorgesPierre Seurat 18591891 Pointillism

Georges-Pierre Seurat1859-1891Pointillism
Self-Portrait 1880
  • Born into a wealthy family, Seurat (sur-ot)
    showed early talent for drawing and attended the
    Ecole des Beaux Arts (eh-cole dee bo-art) in
    Paris, the best art school in France at the time
    (and still today).
  • He was only 32 when he died and was really just
    at the start of his career.
  • He trained in the traditional style of the day,
    but soon struck out on his own path.

  • At the time, there were a lot of developments in
    the understanding optics and perceptions.
  • Scientists were figuring out the color wheel,
    which you have studied in art.
  • The artists showed that when 2 primary colors are
    placed next to each other, they form a third
    color when seen at a distance.
  • Seurat used this technique in his own art.

La Parade 1889
  • Seurat believed that the new color theories
    completely changed the world of art.
  • He thought that an artist could create emotion
    based on the warmth of the color and the
    direction of the lines used in painting.
  • He developed a way of painting called
    pointillism in which individual dots of color
    are applied to the canvas, with the eye doing the
    work to merge the colors as you move further away
    from the canvas.

Sunday Afternoon on the Island of the Grand Jatte
  • Seurats great masterpiece, this work is now in
    the Art Institute of Chicago. The canvas is
    huge--approximately 7 feet by 10 feet.
  • It took him two years to paint, including many
  • Like his other works, this painting is comprised
    of many tiny dots and dashes of paint rather than
    traditional brushstrokes.

Studies for Grand Jatte
  • Each picture is composed of tiny dots of color
    placed precisely next to each other and layered
    to trick the eye.
  • When you look at the paintings from a distance,
    they have all of the nuances and shading that
    Seurat intended.
  • He prepared each section of the painting before
    moving on to paint the large canvas.

Sunday Afternoon
  • What do you see in the picture? Where is the
    monkey? Why do the ladies have umbrellas? Do
    your eyes move up and down (which he thought
    created happiness in a viewer) as you look at the
    painting? Does this look real to you?
  • He painted a border as well, which gives a
    self-frame to the work, although its hard to see
    on the slide.

The Bathers 1884
  • Completed prior to the last painting, this one
    uses cooler colors and has more horizontal lines.
    What kind of feeling do you think Seurat wanted
    to create? Do you think the water is cold?
  • Because his process was so labor intensive, it
    could take a long time to complete his canvases.

La Chahut 1890
  • One of his last paintings, this depicts a popular
    stage show of songs and dances. The ladies are
    dressed for the stageoffstage, ladies would
    have been expected to cover their legs.
  • Are the lines vertical? The colors warm? What
    feeling does Seurat want you to feel?
  • Can you identify the instruments in the orchestra?

Young Lady Powdering Herself 1890
  • Notice the self-painted border done in darker
    dots around the perimeter--many of his paintings
    have this detail.
  • Are the lines mostly vertical or horizontal? What
    about the colors--cool or warm? Does the woman
    look happy?
  • She is preparing for the day and has not yet put
    on her dress. What do you think of the
    difference between her solid shape and the
    delicacy of the flowers?
  • The picture in the back is part of the influx of
    Japanese prints popular at the time.

Eiffel Tower 1889
  • Here you can see the application of the dots on
    the surface of the painting. The Eiffel Tower
    had been built recently and was only just
    becoming a symbol of Paris. Seurat painted it
    from one of the many bridges across the Seine.
  • As with all of his work, look to see whether
    there are vertical lines and if the colors are
    warm. Here, hes trying to create a positive
    emotion about the tower.
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