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The Geological History of British Columbia

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... plutonic complex. Formation of the Coast Range Plutonic ... Coast Range Plutonic Complex. Extent of ice cover at the height of the last glacial advance (ca. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Geological History of British Columbia


1
The Geological History of British Columbia
2
Geology of Canada
3
Tectonic belts of British Columbia and Yukon
4
Terrane boundaries
5
Possible locations of various Cordilleran
terranes during the Permian (ie. prior to 250
m.y.)
6
Passive margin
A passive ocean-continent margin existed from
around 700 m.y to around 200 m.y. ago. A thick
sequence of sediments clastics and limestones
-accumulated in this time.
7
Subduction
Subduction of oceanic plate beneath North
America. Subduction-related volcanism existed.
Approach of micro-continents from the southwest.
8
Intermontane Super-terrane
Accretion of the Intermontane Super-Terrane and
consequent thrusting and folding of existing
sedimentary rocks into the Rocky Mountains.
Approach of more micro-continents. Subduction
related volcanism and intrusive bodies.
The Intermontane terrane is mostly volcanic and
sedimentary rocks that formed a long way away.
9
Rocky Mountains
  • Frank Slide

10
Rocky Mountains
  • Burgess Shale

11
Rocky Mountains
  • Takkakaw Falls

Jasper Park
12
Coast range plutonic complex
Formation of the Coast Range Plutonic Complex.
Accretion of the Insular Super Terrane. Ongoing
subduction of the Juan de Fuca Plate beneath
B.C., Washington and Oregon. Further uplift of
the Rocky Mountains.
13
Coast Range Plutonic Complex
14
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15
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16
Extent of ice cover at the height of the last
glacial advance (ca. 14,500 years b.p.). Ice
was up to 3000 m thick in central B.C., 2000 m on
Vancouver Island
Wide-spread glaciation started around 2.5 m.y.
ago
17
Glacial till exposed at Malaspina University
College
18
Glacio-fluvial deposits in Cedar
Glacial striae
19
Post-glacial sea-level rise
20
Present-day plate distribution along the western
coast of the US and Canada
21
Volcanism in BC
22
Mt. Garibaldi
23
Mt. Price and the Barrier
24
BC Rail quarry south of Whistler
25
Nazco Cone
26
Tseax River Cone
27
Eve Cone, Edziza area
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