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Breast Cancer


Breast Self-Awareness. By Ali Charles June 2008. 4. The structure and function of the Breasts ... The key is to 'Know Your Breasts'. Check them once a month for life. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer
  • In 2004, 44,659 women in the UK were diagnosed
    with breast cancer. In that year 324 men were
  • Breast cancer causes more than 12,400 deaths
    each year in the UK.
  • Cancer Research UK 2004

Aims of the session
  • We are going to look at the structure and
    function of the breasts (back to Biology!)
  • What is Cancer?
  • Possible causes of Cancer.
  • Breast Cancer statistics.
  • Possible risk factors.
  • Symptoms.
  • Breast Self-Awareness.

The structure and function of the Breasts
  • The breasts are made up of fat, connective
    tissue and glandular tissue which contains lobes.
  • The lobes are where breast milk is produced. A
    network of ducts connects the lobes to the

Anatomy of a Breast.
What is cancer?
  • The organs and tissues of the body are made up
    of tiny building blocks called cells.
  • Cells are constantly becoming old and dying, and
    new cells are produced to replace them.
  • Normally, the division and growth of cells is
    orderly and controlled but if this process gets
    out of control for some reason, the cells will
    continue to divide and develop into a lump which
    is called a tumour.
  • Tumours can either be benign (harmless) or
    malignant (cancer).

Causes of breast cancer
  • The causes of breast cancer are not yet
    completely understood.
  • The risk of developing breast cancer is very
    small in young women and increases as women get
  • More than half of breast cancers occur in women
    over the age of 65.

Facts and figures.
  • Breast cancer risk is strongly related to
    age,with more than 80 of cases occurring in
    women over 50 years old.
  • The highest number of cases is in the 50-64 age
  • In Britain we are seeing increasing numbers.

Possible risk factors
  • Smoking.
  • Drinking lots of alchohol over many years.
  • Certain types of benign (harmless) breast
  • Taking HRT.
  • Taking the contraceptive pill.
  • Women who do not have children.
  • Starting periods at an early age or having a late
  • Women who have never breastfed.

Signs of breast cancer.
  • A painless lump in the breast.
  • A change in the size or shape of a breast.
  • Dimpling of the skin of the breast.
  • A nipple becoming inverted (turned in).
  • A rash (like eczema) affecting the nipple .
  • A bloodstained fluid from the nipple (this is
    very rare).
  • A swelling or lump in the armpit.

(No Transcript)
Knowing your breasts.
  • It is important to become familiar with how your
    breasts normally feel at different times of the
    month. You will then quickly be aware of any
    changes in your breasts that are not normal for
  • If you are concerned about anything unusual in
    your breasts, you must make an appointment to
    discuss this with your doctor as soon as

Screening and Treatment.
  • The earlier treatment is given the better the
    chances of success are.
  • In the UK, all women between the ages of 50 and
    69 are offered mammograms (breast x-rays) every
    three years.

Ode to boobs
  • Dear boobs, This heartfelt apology goes out to
    you allFor moaning you're too big or moaning
    you're too smallFor wishing you didn't hang
    like puppies in sacksOr just disappear when we
    lie on our backsFor squashing you flat with a
    minimising cupor those torture bras that push
    you right upWhy is it always your bad points we
    mention Like your inverted nips or your water
    retention?Why don't we love you as much as our
    menOr the babies that love you all over
    again?Maybe we're scared to show you we careIn
    case, one day, you're simply not there
  • Make it up to your boobs with some Breakthrough
    Breast Cancer TLC - Touch, Look, Check

And Finally.
  • At your age it is unlikely that breast cancer
    will be an issue for you.
  • If you do have concerns seek advice or help
  • The key is to Know Your Breasts.
  • Check them once a month for life.