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Los sustantivos

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The word sustantivo means 'noun' in English. ... Spanish nouns can be either feminine or masculine. ... capital nieve. And more... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Los sustantivos


1
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Los sustantivos
By Mrs. Abeille
2
Los sustantivos (nouns)
Definition Gender Rules for Plural
click
click
click
mabeille
3
Definition
  • The word sustantivo means noun in English. A
    noun is a word used to denote a person, place,
    thing, or idea.

mabeille
4
Gender
  • Spanish nouns can be either feminine or
    masculine. Keep in mind that you cannot predict
    the gender of a noun, except in the case of
    living creatures.
  • Click on the buttons to know more about them.

masculine nouns
feminine nouns
mabeille
5
FEMININE NOUNS
  • Feminine nouns usually end in a, however that
    is not always the case. You can identify feminine
    nouns easily by the ending. Remember d, ión, z,
    a. Memorize the exceptions.
  • ciudad
  • televisión
  • actríz
  • casa

EXCEPTIONS mujer paz mano calle clase gente pa
red leche lección tarde noche nariz capital niev
e And more
When you learn a new noun, you should also learn
its definite article (la, las). and indefinite
articles (una, unas) for feminine nouns.
6
MASCULINE NOUNS
  • Masculine nouns usually end in o, however that
    is not always the case. You can identify
    masculine nouns easily by the ending. Remember l,
    o, n, e, r, s.. Memorize the exceptions.
  • papel
  • teléfono
  • jardín
  • elote
  • borrador
  • mes

EXCEPTIONS mapa planeta día clima clase sofá p
apá agua hambre programa And more
When you learn a new noun, you should also learn
its definite article (el, los). and indefinite
articles (un, unos) for masculine nouns.
7
Plural Nouns
1
If the noun ends in a, o, e we add s
2
If the noun ends in a consonant or the last
vowel has an accent add -es
3
If the noun ends in z, change z for -ces
Click buttons to see examples
mabeille
8
Examples for rule 1
If the noun ends in a, o, e we add s
  • la niña las niñas
  • el perro los perros
  • un estudiante unos estudiantes
  • la clase las clases

Definite and indefinite articles change to the
plural form too.
9
Examples for rule 2
If the noun ends in a consonant or the last
vowel has an accent add -es
  • la canción las canciones
  • la ciudad las ciudades
  • el borrador los borradores
  • la mujer las mujeres

Definite and indefinite articles change to the
plural form too.
10
Examples for rule 3
If the noun ends in z, change z for -ces
  • el pez los peces
  • el lápiz los lápices
  • la actríz las actríces
  • la luz las luces

Definite and indefinite articles change to the
plural form too.
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