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International Agreements

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World Scene International Organisations. Some Key features ... Chile, Andorra, Faeroe Islands, San Merino. Russia not an agreement, but Memo of understanding ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: International Agreements


1
International Agreements
17-Nov-09
1
2
International Agreements Outline
  • World Scene International Organisations
  • Some Key features
  • Background to EU Vet agreements
  • How these work and develop
  • Individual agreements
  • Where to look for information
  • Latest developments

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  • OIE
  • http//www.oie.int/eng/en_index.htm
  • SPS
  • http//www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/sps_e/sps_e.ht
    m
  • IPPC
  • https//www.ippc.int/IPP/En/default.jsp
  • Codex Alimantarius
  • http//www.codexalimentarius.net/web/index_en.jsp

7
The SPS Agreement
  • Followed the Uruguay Round of talks
  • The above relate to reduction in tariff barriers
    and quotas etc to free up trade
  • Concern expressed by some that Sanitary and
    Phytosanitary restrictive measures could used
    as disguised protection measures
  • SPS is complementary Closes loophole
    regarding barriers to trade
  • Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and
    Phyto sanitary measures

8
International agreements
  • TBT Agreement
  • Technical Regulations and Industrial Standards
  • Aim to ensure standards not set arbitrarily
  • Members right to adopt standards considered
    appropriate
  • Covers, packaging , labelling and similar
    measures
  • TBT and SPS have common elements
  • Non discrimination obligations, advance
    notifications
  • Encourage use of international standards
  • Additional measures must be science risk based

9
International Agreements
  • Why have International Agreements ?
  • Directive 91/496 Article 16
  • No mention of Agreements but
  • Some reduction in frequency of
  • ID and Physical checks permitted
  • Directive 97/78 Article 10.3
  • Reductions in frequency of checks may be
    negotiated
  • On basis of veterinary equivalence agreement

10
Reduced Checks - Article 10 Directive
  • Directive allows for reductions in
  • Physical and ID checks only
  • Applies to Harmonised products only
  • 3 Key features
  • Originate in countries /Regions giving
    satisfactory health guarantees
  • Products come from a list of approved
    establishments
  • The certificates to accompany the import have
    been agreed AH and PH

11
Development of Reduced Checks - I
  • Before any agreement, Commission to report to
    Scofcah , (FVO inspection report)
  • Guarantees with respect to compliance with EU
    norms
  • Animal Health situation in Country
  • General Health situation in the Country
  • Nature of measures applied by 3rd C for
    monitoring and combating disease
  • Structure independence skills and qualifications
    of veterinary or competent services

12
Development of Reduced Checks - II
  • Compliance with Minimum Standards f Production
    Hygiene in Community Law
  • Type of product and potential health risk
  • Rules on hormones and residues etc
  • Outcome of Community or National Inspections
  • Outcome of Import Checks
  • Analysis of risks involved with import
    according to nature of products concerned

13
Agreement Countries
  • EU now has several agreements negotiated
  • Very slow process, but continuously evolving
  • Aim to simplify trade without compromising risk
  • USA, New Zealand, EEA, Canada, Switzerland
  • Chile, Andorra, Faeroe Islands, San Merino
  • Russia not an agreement, but Memo of
    understanding

14
Development of Agreements
  • Initial Council Decision or Mandate
  • Agreements often part of larger trade agreements
  • Commission to conduct negotiations
  • Potsdam Group of MS involved
  • Recommendations to Scofcah
  • Exchange of letters DDG to high ranking Equiv
    3rd C

15
Veterinary Agreements Basic Elements
  • Objectives
  • Multilateral Obligations
  • Scope Live Animals and Animal Products
  • Regulatory Authorities
  • Joint Management Committee JMC

16
Veterinary Agreements Key Features
  • Respect for Regionalisation
  • Equivalence
  • Status of Consultations continuing Trade
  • Verification, Info Exchange, Notification,
    Safeguards
  • Outstanding Issues

17
EEA EC Agreement
  • Originally AUT, SWE, FIN, CH, NOR, IS,
    Principality of Liechtenstein. Now less members,
    only NOR, IS.
  • Opened in 1993 , Comprehensive
  • NOR
  • All Live Animals and Products
  • Note no Customs Union
  • IS
  • only Fish and Fishery products, Aquaculture
    products and Fish meal
  • Comprehensive if slow process, check Web site re
    law
  • EFTA secretariat
  • http//www.efta.int/content/legal-texts/eea/annexe
    s

18
ESA FVO equivalent
  • Separate body to EFTA secretariat.
  • Located in Brussels
  • Mirrors the functions of FVO for MS
  • Comprehensive covers all areas of inspection
  • Carry out joint missions with FVO both
    directions within EU and EEA States
  • Own Web site
  • http//www.eftasurv.int/
  • Produces recommendations for BIP list changes
  • Latest list OJ L 208, 09.08.2007

19
Veterinary Agreement USA - EC
  • Original Council Decision 1998/258/EC L 118,
    21.04.1998
  • Regulatory Authorities fragmented Details Annex
    II
  • USDA / APHIS for live animals, embryos
  • USDA / FSIS for fresh meat , poultry meat
  • FDA for Game meat, Dairy products and other foods
  • Export trade from EU greater than the import
    trade
  • Certification anomalies have caused problems
    Note seals are not specifically required on
    containers
  • Discussions on many topics ongoing with
    recognition of Regionalisation key feature .

20
Veterinary Agreement New Zealand - EC
  • Oldest, perhaps most well developed
  • Variations in Procedures for BIPs
  • Question mark over ID Checks
  • Reduced frequency of Physical checks.
  • Latest in CD 2006/854/EC OJ 338 5.12.2006 Annex
    VIII
  • Fees out of date no agreement yet reached on
    updates, some BIPs operating at a loss
  • A number of decisions on Certification
  • Latest CD 2006/855/EC OJ 338 5.12.2006

21
Veterinary Agreement Canada EC
  • Very successful agreement
  • Are specific requirements for reduced scale of
    import procedures
  • Latest CD 2005/306/EC OJ L98 16.4.2005
  • 10 identity checks for POAO
  • 10 identity checks semen embryos and ova
  • Many problems with Sport caught Fish

22
Veterinary Agreement Switzerland CH EC
  • Very comprehensive agreement, supplanted original
    Recommendation 1/2000 OJ L51, 21.02.2001
  • Part of much larger agreement.
  • Still under development and more legal changes
    Decisions needed.
  • Aim is virtual integration with the EC
  • Two BIPs being brought up to EC standards
  • Free movement of live animals and animal products
    the aim
  • Reciprocal carrying out of checks CH-EC proposed

23
Switzerland CH EC
  • Council Decision 2002/309/EC OJ L114,21.02.2001
  • 7 Agreements in total, Scientific and Technical
    Co-op
  • Amended by JVC Decisions
  • L 23/27 28.01.2004 Decision 2/2003 (2004/78 EC)
  • L160/116 30.04.2004 Decision 1/2004 (2004/480/EC)
  • L17/1 20.01.2005 Decision 2/2004 (2005/22/EC)
  • L347/93 30.12.2005 Decision 1/2005 (2005/962/EC)
  • L 32/91 06.02.2007 Decision 1/2006
  • Procedures presently as follows

24
Chile - EC
  • OJ L 352 30.12.2002
  • No changes to import procedures
  • Import checks set out in Annex VII
  • Priority Sectors for equivalence to be
    recognised are set down.
  • Mostly HC products
  • In the early stages of development.

25
Little Country Agreements
  • Andorra
  • Similar to EEA but quite separate
  • San Marino
  • Very limited scope
  • Faeroe Islands
  • Individual agreement Amended.
  • Liechtenstein
  • Joined Switzerland

26

27
Andorra- EC
  • Comprehensive agreement necessary for trade
  • Andorra surrounded by EU
  • No BIPs or border controls for movements
  • Neighbouring MS carry out checks on behalf of
    Andorra on imports
  • Most of the EU legislation relevant to
    Andorras industry has been adopted and
    transposed.
  • Protocol 1997/606 the original Decision
  • OJ L 148 06.06.1997
  • Latest Decision 1/2005 OJ L 318 6.12.2005

28
San Marino - EC
  • Limited agreement necessary for trade
  • San Marino surrounded by EU
  • No BIPs or border controls for movements
  • Neighbouring MS carry out checks on behalf of
    Andorra on imports
  • Targetted EU legislation relevant to Agri
    industry has been adopted and transposed.
  • Interim Agreement on Trade L 359 09.12.1992
  • Decision 1/94 ( 1949 413/EC of EC San Marino
    cooperation Committee L 238, 13.09.1994
  • Gives legislation to be adopted by SM

29
Liechtenstein- EC
  • Formerly in EEA agreement
  • With drawn - now formally with CH

30
Faeroe Islands - EC
  • Initially confined to fish and fishery products
    as with Iceland and the EC wool (trade with
    Scotland )
  • One BIP has been developed and visited by FVO.
  • Only applies to products at present
  • Live animals imported from 3rd Cs must go through
    a BIP in a Member State usually DK.
  • Basic Protocol 1999/1130 OJ L 305, 30.11.1999
  • Council Decision 1999/778
  • Main Decision 1/2001 (EC Faeroe Islands
    Committee)
  • Amended by Decision 2/2005 (2006/13/EC
  • OJ L 46 16.2.2001

31
Understanding Russia - EC
  • Not an Agreement in the normal form
  • Memorandum of Understanding
  • Covers Veterinary exports to Russia
  • Supplementary Annex on Transport of animal
    products to Russia and
  • Transit of products through EU territory to
    Russia
  • Russia has access to TRACES

32
Faeroe Islands - EC
  • Initially confined to fish and fishery products
    as with Iceland and the EC wool (trade with
    Scotland )
  • One BIP has been developed and visited by FVO.
  • Only applies to products at present
  • Live animals imported from 3rd Cs must go through
    a BIP in a Member State usually DK.
  • Basic Protocol 1999/1130 OJ L 305, 30.11.1999
  • Council Decision 1999/778
  • Main Decision 1/2001 (EC Faeroe Islands
    Committee)
  • Amended by Decision 2/2005 (2006/13/EC
  • OJ L 46 16.2.2001

33
International Agreements
  • The Future
  • Possible expansion of agreements to include
    other major trading partners
  • Far East
  • South America
  • TRACES development and use in third countries .
    What of Veterinary checks ?

34
What do the Member States want ?
Review of Directives Better information
gathering, collation and retrieval in TRACES,
RASFF More Risk based checks More Flexibility
or more rigidity
35
International Agreements
  • World Scene

The End
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