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World War One. 9 million killed. Why?

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... demanded by the necessities of war; ... World War One Cemetery in Europe ... Adolph Hitler. End of 'Progress' Salvador Dali, The Visage of War, 1940 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World War One. 9 million killed. Why?


1
World War One. 9 million killed. Why?
2
Kaiser Wilhelm II
3
(No Transcript)
4
Otto von Bismarck
5
Womens Movement
6
Jean Jaures
7
(No Transcript)
8
Czarist Russia
9
(No Transcript)
10
The Archduke and Gavrilo Princep
11
(No Transcript)
12
Over There by George M. Cohan
  • Johnnie get your gun, get your gun, get your
    gun, Take it on the run, on the run, on the
    run, Hear them calling you and me Every son of
    Liberty Hurry right away, no delay, go
    today, Make your daddy glad to have had such a
    lad Tell your sweetheart not to pine, To be proud
    her boy's in line.

13
Battle of the Somme, 1916 (about 600, 000
casualties on each side)
14
Mechanized War
15
Hague Convention (1907) and the Absence of Rules
in Total War
SECTION II HOSTILITIES Means of Injuring the
Enemy, Sieges, and bombardments Art. 22. The
right of belligerents to adopt means of injuring
the enemy is not unlimited. Art. 23. In addition
to the prohibitions provided by special
Conventions, it is especially forbidden - To
employ poison or poisoned weapons To kill or
wound treacherously individuals belonging to the
hostile nation or army To kill or wound an
enemy who, having laid down his arms, or having
no longer means of defense, has surrendered at
discretion To declare that no quarter will be
given To employ arms, projectiles, or material
calculated to cause unnecessary suffering To
make improper use of a flag of truce, of the
national flag or of the military insignia and
uniform of the enemy, as well as the distinctive
badges of the Geneva Convention To destroy or
seize the enemy's property, unless such
destruction or seizure be imperatively demanded
by the necessities of war Art. 25. The attack
or bombardment, by whatever means, of towns,
villages, dwellings, or buildings which are
undefended is prohibited. Art. 26. The officer
in command of an attacking force must, before
commencing a bombardment, except in cases of
assault, do all in his power to warn the
authorities. Art. 27. In sieges and bombardments
all necessary steps must be taken to spare, as
far as possible, buildings dedicated to religion,
art, science, or charitable purposes, historic
monuments, hospitals, and places where the sick
and wounded are collected, provided they are not
being used at the time for military purposes.
16
Trench Warfare
17
Softening the Enemy via Bombardment (note the
importance of industrial and economic power)
18
Before the Clean Up
19
World War One Cemetery in Europe
20
Propaganda (The Media is a Weapon for Mobilizing
Support), 1 of 2
21
Lord Kitchener and Uncle Sam
22
Widener Library, Harvard, 1917
23
Otto Dix Presenting The Reality for Veterans
24
All Quiet on the Western Front (1929, film 1930)
25
Dulce et Decorum Est
If in some smothering dreams you too could pace 
Behind the wagon that we flung him in,  And
watch the white eyes writhing in his face,  His
hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin  If
you could hear, at every jolt, the blood  Come
gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, 
Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud Of vile,
incurable sores on innocent tongues,  My friend,
you would not tell with such high zest To
children ardent for some desperate glory,  The
old Lie Dulce et Decorum est  Pro patria mori.
26
The Men with Broken Faces
27
Treaty of Versailles (1918)
28
Womens Suffrage (1919)
29
Influenza Epidemic of 1918 (40 Million Deaths)
30
Russian Revolution, 1917
31
Postwar Germany
32
Rise of Hitler
33
Mein Kampf (1925)
And so it had all been in vain. In vain all the
sacrifices and privations in vain the hunger and
thirst of months which were often endless in
vain the hours in which, with mortal fear
clutching at our hearts, we nevertheless did our
duty and in vain the death of two millions who
died. Would not the graves of all the hundreds of
thousands open, the graves of those who with
faith in the fatherland had marched forth never
to return? Would they not open and send the
silent mud- and blood-covered heroes back as
spirits of vengeance to the homeland which had
cheated them with such mockery of the highest
sacrifice which a man can make to his people in
this world? Had they died for is, the soldiers of
August and September, 1914? Was it for this that
in the autumn of the same year the volunteer
regiments marched after their old comrades? Was
it for this that these boys of seventeen sank
into the earth of Flanders? Was this the meaning
of the sacrifice which the German mother made to
the fatherland when with sore heart she let her
best-loved boys march off, never to see them
again? Did all this happen only so that a gang of
wretched criminals could lay hands on the
fatherland? .Hatred grew within me.
---Adolph Hitler
34
(No Transcript)
35
End of Progress
Salvador Dali, The Visage of War, 1940
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