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The Political Institutions of Communism

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The Political Institutions of Communism. The USSR and the Peoples Republic of China ... Gerontocracy. Stagnation. Corruption. Over investment in Armed forces ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Political Institutions of Communism


1
The Political Institutions of Communism
  • The USSR and the Peoples Republic of China

2
The Political Institutions of Communism
  • The USSR and The Peoples Republic of China

3
Structures
4
1922 politburo
  • LENIN P.M.
  • KAMENEV MOSCOW
  • TROTSKY in a sulk
  • STALIN GEN SEC
  • ZINOVIEV PETROGRAD
  • RYKOV DEPUTY P.M.
  • TOMSKY Trade Unions

5
PRESIDIUM post-STALIN
  • MALENKOV Chair. C. of M.
  • Beria Min Internal Affairs
  • Molotov Min For. Aff
  • Voroshilov Head of State
  • Khrushchev Party Secretary
  • Bulganin MoD
  • Kaganovich Dep CofM
  • 3 other ministers

6
1957 PRESIDIUM
  • KHRUSHCHEV
  • 8 PARTY SEC.
  • USSR P.M. and Dep. P.M.
  • RUSSIA P.M.
  • H o S
  • KAZAKHSTAN
  • Ukraine
  • CENTRAL CONTROL COMMISSION

7
Interests/Lobbies
  • Military
  • Heavy industry steeleaters
  • Republics
  • Party machine apparatchiki
  • East Europe
  • China
  • non-ruling parties

8
Weak interests/lobbies
  • Agriculture
  • consumer/service industries
  • intelligentsia
  • diplomats
  • broad party membership
  • police?
  • Navy pre-62

9
1966 Politburo
  • Brezhnev Gen Sec
  • Kosygin PM
  • Podgorny HoS
  • 3 CC secs inc Suslov
  • party control
  • Ukraine
  • Russia

10
Brezhnevs legacy
  • Gerontocracy
  • Stagnation
  • Corruption
  • Over investment in Armed forces
  • Russian feeling that they were subsidising
    everyone else

11
Gorbachov
  • Why couldnt Soviet Communism be reformed?
  • Glasnost
  • Perestroika
  • Nationalities
  • Is it possible to reform a political system
    before reforming the economy?
  • If not us, who? If not now, when?
  • Clash with Yeltsin

12
Soviet v other Communist systems
  • USSR a system founded on suspicion of the public.
  • East Europe founded by Red Army
  • China, Yugoslavia, Vietnam, Laos, Kampuchea, Cuba
    all came into being after guerilla war
  • Cant win a guerilla war without winning over
    public
  • Less coercion, more willingness to listen.

13
Structures
14
Chinese institutions
15
Standing Committee of Politburo 2003
  • Hu Jintao General Secretary and President
  • Wu Bangguo Chair,NPC SC
  • Wen Jiabao Prime Minister
  • Jia Qinglin Chair CPPCC
  • Zeng Qinghong Vice-President and Secretary
  • Huang Ju Vice-Premier
  • Wu Guangzheng Sec, Committee for Disc. Insp.
  • Li Changchun ideology and propaganda
  • Luo Gan legislative responsibilities
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