Space out your studying over a few days or weeks and continually review class material dont wait until the night before and try to learn everything the night before.
Try to maintain a positive attitude while preparing for the test and during the test.
Exercising for a few days before the test will help reduce stress.
Get a good nights sleep before the test.
Show up to class early so you wont have to worry about being late.
Stay relaxed if you begin to get nervous take a few deep breaths slowly to relax yourself and then get back to work.
2 Reducing Test Anxiety
Read the directions slowly and carefully.
If you dont understand the directions on the test ask the teacher to explain it to you.
Skim through the test so that you have a good idea how to pace yourself.
Write down important formulas facts definitions and/or keywords in the margin first so you wont worry about forgetting them.
Do the simple questions first to help build up your confidence for the harder questions.
Dont worry about how fast other people finish their test just concentrate on your own test.
If you dont know a question skip it for the time being (come back to it later if you have time) and remember that you dont have to always get every question right to do well on the test.
Focus on the question at hand dont let your mind wander on other things.
If you still experiencing extreme test anxiety after following these tips seek help from your school counselor
3 Study Skills
It is best to review the material right after class when its still fresh in your memory.
Dont try to do all your studying the night before the test instead space out your studying review class materials at least several times a week focusing on one topic at a time.
Have all of your study material in front of you lecture notes course textbooks study guides and any other relevant material.
Find a comfortable and quiet place to study with good lighting and little distractions (try avoiding your own bed it is very tempting to just lie down and take a nap).
Start out by studying the most important information.
Learn the general concepts first dont worry about learning the details until you have learned the main ideas.
Take notes and write down a summary of the important ideas as you read through your study material.
4 Study Skills
Take short breaks frequently you memory retains the information that you study at the beginning and the end better than what you study in the middle.
Space out your studying youll learn more by studying a little every day instead of waiting to cram at the last minute. By studying everyday the material will stay in your long-term memory but if you try to study at the last moment the material will only reside in your short-term memory that youll easily forget.
Test yourself or have someone test you on the material to find out what your weak and strong areas are. You can use the review questions at the end of each chapter or practice tests the teacher may give out as well as other materials.
Listening to relaxing music such as classical or jazz on a low volume can relieve some of the boredom of studying.
Dont study later than the time you usually go to sleep you may fall asleep or be tempted to go to sleep instead try studying in the afternoon or early evening. If you are a morning person try studying in the morning.
5 Note Taking Tips
If the instructor writes something on the chalkboard/overhead or repeats an idea then it is usually a key point and you should write it down.
Try to use a three-ring binder it allows for more flexibility in rearranging your notes and any handouts that you may receive.
Try to sit towards the front and center of the class where youll be less distracted and can hear the professor the best and have a good angle on any visual aids that may be shown.
Dont rely on someone elses notes you may not understand everything that they right down and youll learn the best by taking your own notes.
If your instructor talks fast it may help to bring an audio recorder and record the lecture while taking notes. After the lecture is over you can replay the lecture and fill in any parts that you missed in your notes.
6 Multiple Choice Test Tips-Help
Read the question before you look at the answer.
Come up with the answer in your head before looking at the possible answers this way the choices given on the test wont throw you off or trick you.
Eliminate answers you know arent right.
Read all the choices before choosing your answer.
If there is no guessing penalty always take an educated guess and select an answer.
Dont keep on changing your answer usually your first choice is the right one unless you miss-read the question.
A positive choice is more likely to be true than a negative one.
Usually the correct answer is the choice with the most information.
In All of the above and None of the above choices if you are certain one of the statements is true dont choose None of the above or one of the statements are false dont choose All of the above.
In a question with an All of the above choice if you see that at least two correct statements then All of the above is probably the answer.
7 Essay Test Tips-Help
Read the directions carefully pay close attention to whether you are supposed to answer all the essays or only a specified amount (i.e. Answer 2 out of the 3 questions).
Make sure that you understand what the question is asking you if not ask your instructor.
Make sure that you write down everything that is asked of you and more. The more details and facts that you write down the higher your grade is going to be.
Budget your time dont spend the entire test time on one essay.
If the question is asking for facts dont give your personal opinion on the topic.
When writing your essay try to be as neat as possible neater papers usually receive higher marks.
Make an outline before writing your essay. This way your essay will be more organized and fluid. If you happen to run out of time most instructors will give you partial credit for the ideas that you have outlined.
8 Essay Tips
Dont write long introductions and conclusions the bulk of your time should be spent on answering the question(s) asked.
Focus on one main idea per a paragraph.
If you have time left at the end proofread your work and correct any errors.
Budget your time if you have an hour to write 3 essays spend no more than 20 minutes on each essay then if you have time left over at the end go back and finish any incomplete essays.
If you arent sure about an exact date or number then use approximations (i.e. Approximately 5000 or In the late 17th century).
If you make a mistake simply draw a line through it it is much neater and quicker than erasing it.
9 True-False Test Tips-Help
Usually there are more true answers than false on most tests.
If there is no guessing penalty guess you have a 50 chance of getting the right answer.
Qualifiers like never always and every mean that the statement must be true all of the time. Usually these type of qualifiers lead to a false answer.
Qualifiers like usually sometimes and generally mean that if the statement can be considered true or false depending on the circumstances. Usually these type of qualifiers lead to an answer of true.
If any part of the question is false then the entire statement is false but just because part of a statement is true doesnt necessarily make the entire statement true.
10 Short Answer Test Tips-Help
Use flashcards writing the key terms dates and concepts on the front and the definition event and explanations on the back.
Try to anticipate questions that will be asked on the test and prepare for them. Usually what your instructor emphasizes in class will be on the test.
Try not to leave an answer blank show your work/write down your thoughts even if you dont get the exact answer partial credit is usually awarded.
If you dont know the answer come back to it after you finish the rest of the test and make an educated guess. Other parts of the test may give you clues to what the answer may be.
If you can think up of more than one answer for a question ask the instructor what to do.
Read the question carefully and make sure that you answer everything that it asks for some short answer questions have multiple parts.
11 Cramming Techniques (last resort)
Cramming for exams should be avoided at all costs. You should only cram for an exam as a last resort. Its hard to take in and retain a large amount of information in a short period of time. Some of the tips on studying and preparing for a test may over lap with the cramming techniques below. Eat some food to give you energy to study but try to avoid excess sugar which will make you hyper and will make it more difficult to study.
An apple does a better job at keeping you focused and awake than caffeine.
Find a well lit place with no distractions around to study but dont get too comfortable or you may fall a sleep.
Keep a positive attitude it is easier to study when you are relaxed than when you are stressed out.
Since your time is limited you have to choose what you study dont attempt to learn everything focus on things that will get you the most points on the exam.
Focus on the main ideas and learn key formulas skip the details for now and only come back to them if you see that you have time after you have learned the key points.
12 Cramming (last resort)
Write down the key ideas/formulas on a sheet of paper and keep on studying from that sheet repetition is important.
Highlight the important points in your notes and text and focus on that.
Read the chapter summaries (they usually do a good job at summarizing the important points) if therere no chapter summaries then skim through the text and right down key ideas.
Study from past tests review questions homeworks review sheets.
Take at least one five minute break an hour so that you can gather your thoughts and let your brain relax.
If time permits try to get at least 3 hours of sleep (one sleep cycle) before the exam so that you dont fall asleep when taking your exam. Dont forget to set your alarm!
13 Note Taking
Do reading assignments or homework questions before class it is easier to take notes when you know what the instructor is talking about.
Date your notes add titles and subtitles when you move onto a new topic for easy referencing.
Write down any terminology along with the definition that the instructor may present.
Make sure that you write legibly if you cant read them later theyll be useless. If you have sloppy handwriting it may be wise to type your notes so that they are easier to read.
Compare notes with a classmate to make sure you didnt miss any important points.
14 TAKING LECTURE NOTES
BEFORE EACH LECTURE
Read all assigned material so that you can follow the lecture. This will also help with procrastination as it is more difficult to get motivated to read after the lecture is over.
Review notes from previous lectures.
DURING EACH LECTURE
Come early and sit in front.
Bring your book if the lecture closely follows the text.
Use an outline format or the Cornell system (see below).
Write the date at the top.
Listen for cues such as organizing statements and transition words.
Record legibly including both what the lecturer says and what is written on the board or overhead.
Include examples in your notes as these will help you both understand and remember the material.
Use abbreviations and omit unnecessary words.
Dont rely on recording a lecture or reading someone elses notes. Take notes in class even if you do record. When you listen to the recording simply add to your base set of notes.
Dont plan on recopying your notes. If you miss something skip a line or two. After class get the info from a classmate or the instructor.
AFTER EACH LECTURE
The study tip that good students swear by As soon as possible after class spend 5 to 15 minutes going over your notes. Clarify summarize and think about the major concepts you learned.
Review your notes frequently both alone and with a study group.
Compare your notes to another students.
15 THE CORNELL SYSTEM
To take notes using the Cornell system rule each sheet as illustrated with a 2 1/2 inch margin.
As you listen to the lecture write your notes on the right side of the margin. After class write key terms topic headings and questions in the left column.
To study cover the right side and use the headings and questions on the left to quiz yourself. (This creates the same effect as flash cards without the extra work.)
16 IMPROVING CONCENTRATION
REDUCE EXTERNAL DISTRACTIONS
1. Find a good place to work -- usually the library. While the library may seem almost too quiet at first condition yourself to the quiet by starting with short periods of study there. Other good places to study might include C.C.C. or C.I.U. study areas empty classrooms department study areas etc. If you are a commuter student stay on campus to work during the week and on weekends find a library near you home to work. Trying to study at home or in a dorm room almost invariably leads to endless distractions thus prolonging your study time.
2. Minimize visual distractions by studying away from windows and in a place where you will not see classmates walking by.
3. Eliminate noise by studying in a quiet place without vocal music. While you may have listened to music as you studied in high school college work requires far greater concentration and part of your focus will be lost if you listen to music while studying.
4. Use appropriate lighting that does not strain your eyes.
17 Improving Concentration
DISCOURAGE INTERNAL DISTRACTIONS
1. Keep your calendar or to do list nearby as you study and record there any reminders to yourself or worries that may distract you while studying (ie. pick up dry cleaning worry about financial aid). By writing these things down you can clear your mind for studying.
2. Use a concentration scoresheet. Each time you find your mind wandering make a check mark on the sheet. Within just a few study sessions you should find that you have far fewer check marks and far greater concentration.
1. Take regular study breaks. Many students find that working for 50 minutes and then taking a 10-minute break is ideal although this varies depending on the student and subject matter.
2. Find your prime time. For many students one hour of daytime study is equivalent to one and a half hours at night because their concentration level during the day is much greater.
3. Get your sleep at night and avoid daytime naps lasting more than ten minutes. Concentration dips both before and after a nap.
BUILD A STRONG INTEREST
1. Think about why you want to learn about a given subject. Scan your textbook chapter and think of questions you want to find answers to -- before actually reading your text.
2. Form study groups to make some of your study time more lively and interesting.
3. If the course and/or reading material is too difficult find a tutor or find an alternate textbook. Some students like to read a high school textbook (ask in the Curriculum Room of the Main Library) or a study guide/outline book (ask in the bookstore) before reading a really difficult textbook.
Adapted from How to Study in College by Walter Pauk.
18 READING COMPREHENSION
To improve your reading comprehension use the following 3-step process
Preview the textbook by looking through the table of contents to see how the concepts are organized. Also look for any study aids such as a glossary answer key questions at the end of the chapters etc.
Preview the chapter by spending 5-10 minutes scanning the following headings diagrams charts terms in bold questions at the end summary etc.
Think about what you already know concerning the topics in the chapter.
A preview can help build your interest and focus in the text much as a movie preview builds interest in a movie.
II. ACTIVE READING
HOW TO READ
Think of the paragraph or the section (3 or 4 paragraphs under a heading) as your unit of meaning. Do not reread when you are confused about a word or sentence read on. The next sentence will often clarify the meaning.
If you are still confused at the end of a section or paragraph stop at that point to reread or to look up important unfamiliar words.
For a science or technical book think of the charts and diagrams as the heart of the text with sentences simply explaining what is presented visually.
19 Reading Comprehension
HOW TO MARK TEXTBOOKS WITH MANY HEADINGS
Turn the heading into a question and read that section to find the answer.
Stop at the end of the section and ask yourself whats most important that you didnt know previously. Either write a note in the margin highlight the important ideas or do both.
Do not mark as you go or you will end up marking too much. Hold off marking until you finish reading a paragraph or section.
Most students find that a combination of highlighting and notes in the margin works best. Caution when you do highlight mark words and phrases rather than whole sentences.
Number parts or items (for example 3 parts of a definition 4 causes of something 3 requirements etc.).
Look at how other students mark their texts.
20 Reading Comprehension
HOW TO MARK BOOKS THAT HAVE FEW OR NO HEADINGS
Determine your professors purpose in assigning the book (look at the syllabus or ask). For example the three paperbacks in a history class may have been assigned so that you can learn how historians work and think not with the intention that you memorize dates.
Decide whether you should read the book quickly or more slowly. Ask the professor or simply note how many class meetings are devoted to the book.
Stop at the end of each paragraph and ask yourself the main point. This will help you concentrate because you have something to do besides moving your eyes across the page. In most cases students do not highlight this kind of book preferring to write notes in the margin or brief notes in a notebook.
If you use a notebook do not stop to write at the end of each paragraph hold off until you have read a few pages.
If you will be writing a paper about the book include pages references in your notebook entries.
When you come to the end of a chapter or reading session spend 5-10 minutes scanning back over the headings and your own markings.
Begin to self-test if time allows. (Turn a heading into a question and try to answer it then look to see if you are right.)
Compare your marked text with your lecture notes.
Consider forming a study group to discuss the material with others and to study for exams.
21 Reading Comprehension
AN ANALOGY FOR THE READING PROCESS TAKING A TRIP
Preview Look at a map before you go. You need to take a look at the whole territory so you will understand how one part relates to the others. You also need a sense of what you should look for on your trip.
Active Reading Take pictures as you go. These pictures (your highlighting or notes) will not show the entire trip but will act as memory pegs to help you recall your trip.
Review Look over your pictures and recall your trip.
READING DIFFICULT BOOKS
Preview your book by first reading a simplified version (a review book or outline book a high school text an encyclopedia entry etc.) For example if you find that youre having trouble reading Kant stop and read a brief summary of his ideas and then return to the original text. This can help tremendously.
If a text is extremely difficult read it twice rather than doing a single slow reading. (If you read too slowly you may begin to lose sight of the major concepts.)
Try reading aloud.
Get help. Consult with your professor or T.A. a tutor or a fellow student.
For a long-term solution work on building your vocabulary. Take a vocabulary course (ASP 092) buy a vocabulary book write vocabulary cards or read a more challenging newspaper such as the New York Times.
I must Create a Systemor be enslaved by another Mans
Wm. Blake 1757 - 1827 English
Look over the chapter title headings pictures graphs and questions at the end. Look at the whole picture to get an idea of what you are supposed to learn from the reading.
Try to figure out what the chapter is about and what the teacher might want you to know. Come up with several major questions that could be answered while you read.
Think about answering the questions you came up with. Try to anticipate what comes next in the reading.
Apply what you are reading to what you all ready know.
Decide what the author is trying to get at. What is important to remember Did you answer all the questions you had What dont you still understand What dont you agree with
24 (No Transcript) 25 (No Transcript) 26 (No Transcript) 27 SQ3R Reading Strategy SURVEY
Look Over the Material You Are About to Read
Establish manageable units
Read the title
Read the introductory material (paragraph)
Read the boldface headings
Look at charts graphs maps pictures other visuals
Read the summary paragraph
Read end-of-chapter questions/topics
28 QUESTION Formulate Questions
Jot down questions you want the text to answer based on
What you know from your survey
What you already know about the subject
Turn the boldface headings into questions
Write out end-of-chapter questions that interest you
29 READ Read for Main Ideas Supporting Material Transitions
Separate main ideas from supporting material
Delineate specifics of supporting material
Actively record your comprehension of these distinctions by marking your text
Select a paragraph or short section
Read and Mark. Stop and Ask.
What is the main idea
How is it supported
What do I need to know from this paragraph
30 RECITE Talk out loud or write out the ideas and supporting material
Look away or cover the page
Using your own words say or write the ideas and details
Answer the questions you have formulated
Look back at the material to check for accuracy find the missing information
Look away and speak/write again
31 REVIEW Look over the material immediately later
Try to construct a mental picture of the whole selection
Recite the main ideas and answers to your questions
Manipulate the ideas
Consider the ideas in relation to other things you know other selections in the same book or other topics
Make study notes in conjunction with lecture notes
Go back over
Answers to questions
Written recitation notes
Notes gathered by manipulating material
32 SQ3R Website Resources
The SQ3R Method for Thorough Study West Shore Community College The SQ3R Reading Method University of St.ThomasSQ3R - A Reading/Study System Virginia TechThe SQ3R Method Survey Question Read Recite and Review University of ArizonaSQ3R Clinton High SchoolSQ3R Duke UniversitySQ3R University of Colorado at DenverSQ3R Alamo Community CollegeStudy Formula SQ3R CSBSJU The SQ4R Method of Study George Washington UniversitySQ3R plus Guidelines Access ExcellenceThe SQ3R Study System Brockport High SchoolReading Methods SQ3R Sweet Briar CollegeSQ3R - Survey Question Read Recall Review Mind ToolsThe SQ3R Learning/Study System University of Arizona SQ3R for Law Students Dayton University SQ3R Eden Elementary School
PowerShow.com is a leading presentation/slideshow sharing website. Whether your application is business, how-to, education, medicine, school, church, sales, marketing, online training or just for fun, PowerShow.com is a great resource. And, best of all, most of its cool features are free and easy to use.
You can use PowerShow.com to find and download example online PowerPoint ppt presentations on just about any topic you can imagine so you can learn how to improve your own slides and presentations for free. Or use it to find and download high-quality how-to PowerPoint ppt presentations with illustrated or animated slides that will teach you how to do something new, also for free. Or use it to upload your own PowerPoint slides so you can share them with your teachers, class, students, bosses, employees, customers, potential investors or the world. Or use it to create really cool photo slideshows - with 2D and 3D transitions, animation, and your choice of music - that you can share with your Facebook friends or Google+ circles. That's all free as well!
For a small fee you can get the industry's best online privacy or publicly promote your presentations and slide shows with top rankings. But aside from that it's free. We'll even convert your presentations and slide shows into the universal Flash format with all their original multimedia glory, including animation, 2D and 3D transition effects, embedded music or other audio, or even video embedded in slides. All for free. Most of the presentations and slideshows on PowerShow.com are free to view, many are even free to download. (You can choose whether to allow people to download your original PowerPoint presentations and photo slideshows for a fee or free or not at all.) Check out PowerShow.com today - for FREE. There is truly something for everyone!