GREEN LUBRICANTS CURRENT TRENDS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – GREEN LUBRICANTS CURRENT TRENDS PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 3e52f3-ZDhjN



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

GREEN LUBRICANTS CURRENT TRENDS

Description:

... group wax hydroisomerisation 130+ xhvi hydrocracking 110-130 vhvi unconventional solvent extracted/hydrotreat 90=105 hvi untreated – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:300
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 62
Provided by: sunilc2
Learn more at: http://www.infraline.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: GREEN LUBRICANTS CURRENT TRENDS


1
GREEN LUBRICANTS CURRENT TRENDS
INDIAN SCHOOL OF PETROLEUM SEMINAR
DR A.K.BHATNAGAR PETROTECH CHAIR PROFESSOR INDIAN
INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NEW DELHI 23RD AUGUST 2003
2
TOPICS COVERED
  • BACKGROUND
  • GREEN LUBRICANTS DEFINED
  • TEST METHODS
  • TRENDS- BASE STOCKS, ADDITIVES
  • MOTIVATIONAL EFFORTS
  • BIOBASED LUBRICANTS
  • CONCLUSIONS

3
CLEAN ENVIRONMENT MOVEMENT
iitd
  • BEGAN WITH SILENT SPRING NOVEL BY
  • RAQUEL CARSON -A HALF FICTION HALF TRUTH
  • DOCUMENTARY.
  • CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS,PARTICULARLY
  • DDT RELATED PESTICIDES WITHDRAWN.
  • CHLORINATED SOLVENTS AND MANY POSSIBLE
  • TOXIC COMPONENTS OF HYDROCARBONS CAME
  • UNDER ATTACK
  • RIO AND KYOTO CONFERENCES AND EMERGENCE
  • OF SEVERAL NATIONAL ANF INTERNATIONAL NGOs
  • ADDED FURTHER IMPETUS
  • TODAY HYDROCARBON INDUSTRY IS THE
  • TARGET OF ATTACK BY ENVIRONMENTALISTS.

4
CLEAN ENVIRONMENT MOVEMENT (CONTD)
  • RESULT
  • CLEANING OPERATION AT HEAVY COST STARTED.
    LUBRICANT
  • INDUSTRY WAS ALSO NO EXCEPTION.
  • NEW STANDARDS,NEW REQUIREMENTS AND THEREFORE
    NEW
  • PROCESSES, NEW FEED STOCKS EMERGED FOR
    BASE OILS /
  • ADDITIVES
  • TOXIC COMPONENTS SUCH AS CHLORINATED
    PARAFFINS,
  • HEAVY METALS, AROMATICS,NITRITES ETC
    REMOVED
  • FROM FINISHED LUBRICANTS.
  • DAYS FOR ECO-FRIENDLY FUELS eg. LPG. CNG,
    ETHANOL,
  • BIODIESEL ETC HAVE ALREADY COME.
  • DAYS FOR ECOFRIENDLY LUBES
  • DONOT APPEAR FAR

5
LUBE OIL POLLUTION
  • WORLD LUBE OIL CONSUMPTION (1995)
    40.0 MMT
  • LUBES FOR TOTAL LOST SYSTEM _at_ 10
    04.0 MMT
  • 2 stroke oil
  • mould release
  • metal working
  • greases
  • chain lubricant
  • miscellaneous
  • USED OIL ( NONRECYCLED) 30
    12 MMT
  • TOTAL POLLUTING OIL
    16 MMT

LUBE OILS ARE OMNIPRESENT UNCONTROLLED RELEASE
IN USA ALONE - 4.7 MMT
Ref S.Mohanti, envirotech India
6
LUBRICATING OILS OVERVIEW
  • Finished lubricants account for about 1 of total
    crude oil consumption
  • Lubricating Oil
  • Base oil(80-95)Additive Package(05-20)

Source Concawe Report No. 5/96 (Europe)
7
USED LUBE DISCHARGE TO ATMOSPHERE IN EUROPE
FRESH OIL 5.3 MMT
PROCESS OIL O.6 MMT
TOTAL LOSS
AUTO LUBE 2.5 MMT
IND. LUBE 1.7 MMT
MARINE OIL 0.5 MMT
COLLECTABLE USED OIL 2.6 MMT (55)
AUTO LUBE 1.6 MMT
IND.LUBE 1.O MMT
MARINE OIL 1.O MMT
COLLECTABLE USED OIL 1.5 MMT (32)
NOT RECORDED 1.1 MMT (23)
8
RE-REFINING OF USED OILS
  • FIRST INTRODUCED IN 1930S AND INCREASED
  • SIGNIFICANTLY DURING WORLD WAR II
  • IN 1980S MANY ACID/CLAY RE-REFINING PLANTS IN
    US
  • WERE SHUT DOWN DUE TO INCREASED ENVIRONMENTAL
  • CONSCIOUSNESS AND ECONOMIC REASONS
  • WORLDWIDE AROUND 400 RE-REFINING PLANTS
  • TOTAL CAPACITY 1800 KT/YEAR
  • MOST OF THE PLANTS LOCATED IN EAST
    ASIA,INDIA,CHINA
  • PAKISTAN
  • INDIVIDUAL CAPACITY ON AN AVERAGE - 2 KT/YEAR
  • MOST OF THE PLANTS BASED ON

ACID CLAY PR.
Source Concawe Report No. 5/96
9
RE-REFINING INDIAN SCENARIO
  • RE-REFINING UNITS REGISTERED WITH MOPNG 69
  • NO ORGANIZED USED OIL COLLECTION SYSTEM
  • RE-REFINING PROCESSES
  • SIMPLE RECLAMATION,
  • ACID/CLAY PROCESS
  • QUESTIONABLE ENVIRONMENTALLY
  • QUESTIONABLE PRODUCT QUALITY
  • IMPORT OF USED OIL BY INDIAN RE-REFINING
    INDUSTRY RAMPANT FROM COUNTRIES WHERE DUE TO
    STRINGENT ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS WHICH MAKE
    LOCAL DISPOSAL OF HAZARDOUS WASTE IN
    ACCEPTABLE MANNER COMMERCIALLY UNVIABLE

Source Indian Express,October 27, 1995,
NewDelhi
10
DRIVERS FOR SHIFTS IN LUBE OIL QUALITY
  • REGULATORY PUSH
  • CLEAN AIR ACT
  • CAFE
  • BASE OIL
  • LOWER
  • VISCOSITY
  • HIGHER VI
  • LOW PP
  • LOW
  • VOLATILITY
  • ECOFRIEDLY
  • CONSUMER DEMAND
  • PULL
  • WARRANTIES
  • EXTENDED DRAIN
  • ECOFRIENDLY
  • LUBRICANT DESIGN
  • FLUIDITY
  • OIL CONSUMPTION
  • FUEL ECONOMY
  • EXTENDED INTERVAL
  • ENGINE DESIGN
  • CAT CONVERTOR
  • LOW FRICTION ENGINE
  • AERODYNAMICS

11
ECO-FRIENDLY LUBRICANT
  • DESCRIBED IN MANY WAYS
  • - GREEN.BIODEGRADABLE,RECYCLABLE,
  • NONTOXIC,REUSABLE ETC
  • BIODERADABLE PRODUCT WITH LOW OR NO
  • TOXICITY HAVING MINIMUM IMPACT ON
  • ENVIRONMENT
  • THE MAIN DRIVING FORCE IN LAST DECADE,
  • MAXIMISING BIODEGRADABILITY AND
  • MINIMISING ECOTOXICITY TO REDUCE
  • ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

12
FULL LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS-A MUST
  • BIODEGRADABILITY IS DEFINED
  • AS SUSCEPTIBILITY OF A SUBSTANCE TO
    UNDERGO DEGRADATION
  • UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF BIOLOGICAL AGENTS SUCH
    AS BACTERIA,
  • FUNGI, YEAST ETC
  • OTHER IMPORTANT CRITERIA ARE
  • ECO TOXICITY INCLUDING EFFECTS OF LUBRICANT
    AND
  • ITS PHOTO AND BIODEGRADED PRODUCTS ON
    LIVING
  • ORGANISM
  • BIOACCUMULATION POTENTIALS,
  • EFFECTS ON EMISSION QUALITY,
  • USE OF RENEWABLE RAW MATERIALS
  • A FULL LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS A PRACTICE TODAY

13
FULL LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS IS NECESSARY TODAY
  • ECO TOXICITY INCLUDES EFFECTS OF LUBRICANTS
  • AND ITS DEGRADED PRODUCTS ON LIVING
    ORGANISMS
  • A FULL LIFE CYCLE ANALYSIS - A PRACTICE
    TODAY
  • RESEARCHDEVELOPMENT
  • MANUFACTURING
  • BLENDING, STORAGE,DISTRIBUTION
  • PACKAGING
  • MSDS
  • IMPACTS DURING USE
  • COLLECTION OF USED OILAND PACKAGING
  • RECYCLING OR DISPOSAL

14
POTENTAL ACTIONS DURING LIFE CYCLE PHASE
LIFE CYCLE PHASE POTENTIAL ACTIONS
RD USE OF ECOFRIENDLY, RENEWABLE LUBE BASE STOCKS, ADDITIVES, SOLVENTS ETC DEVELOP,PRODUCTS WITH LONG LIFE IN USE EMPLOY STRUCTURE/ACTIVITY RELATIONSHIPS-COMBINITORIAL CHEMISTRY
MANUFACTURING MINIMUM RAW MATERIAL INPUTS REDUCE EMISSIONS AND EFFLUENTS OPTIMISE ENERGY CONSUMPTIONS
DISTRIBUTION PACKAGING CONSIDER PROMOTING BULK DELIVERY RECYCLABLE OR DEGRADABLE PACKAGING
HANDLING/USE REDUCE WASTE GENERATION STREAMLINE HANDLING MSDS
RECYCLING/DISPOSAL RECOCER ENERGY THROUGH WASTE OIL INCINIRATION DEVELOP REUSABLE INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS
15
MOTIVATIONAL EFFORTS
  • MASS AWARENESS
  • CHANGING PERCEPTIONS
  • POLITICAL COMPULSIONS
  • IMPROVED LIVING STANDARDS
  • PACKAGES OF
  • INCENTIVES AND DISINCENTIVES

16
GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES
  • IN GERMANY ANY MATERIAL CAPABLE OF SEEPING
    AWAY
  • IS CONSIDERED UNFRIENDLY TO ENVIRONMENT
  • MEASURES UNDERTAKEN IN DEVELOPED NATIONS TO
  • PROMOTE ECOFRIENDLY PRODUCTS
  • LEGAL PROHIBITIONS
  • QUASI LEGAL ORDERS
  • HUGE SUBSIDIES
  • PRESSURE GROUPS
  • MANUFACTURERS OWN INITIATIVES

17
GERMAN ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS
  • THE GERMAN WATER LAW
  • THE DRINKING WATER DIRECTIVE
  • THE GERMAN GROUND LAW( IN DRAFT)
  • THE FEDERAL EMISSION LAW
  • THE RECYCLING AND WASTE LAW
  • THE CHEMICAL LAW
  • THE ENVIRONMENTAL LIABILITY LAW
  • GERMAN PARLIA,EMT INITIATIVES
  • THE BLUE ANGEL ECOSEAL

18
ENVIRONMENTAL SEAL
  • GLOBAL ECO NETWORK GEN
  • EUROPEAN ECO-LABELS
  • GERMAN BLUE ANGEL
  • NORDIC COUNTRIES WHITE SWAN
  • CANADIAN MAPLE LEAF
  • FRANCE NF ECOMARK
  • JAPAN FRIENDLY TO EARTH
  • USA GREEN SEAL
  • INDIA EARTHEN PITCHER

19
DETERMINATION OF WATER HAZARD
EXAMPLE WEN (WATER ENDANGERING NUMBER) WGK CLASSIFICATION
VEGETABLE OIL 0-1.9 0 NONAZARDOUS
BASE OIL WITHOUT ADDITIVES 2-3.9 1 SLIGHTLY HAZARDOUS
BASE OIL WITH ADDITIVES 4-5.6 2 MODERATELY HAZARDOUS
WATER SOLUBLE LUBES gt6.0 3 HIGHLY HAZARDOUS
WEN IS AN AVERAGE VALUE OF ACUTE ORAL
MAMMALIAN, FISH AND BACTERIAL TOXICITY VALUES
20
EUs LABELLING CRITERIA
AQUATI C ACUTE DATA READILY BIODEGRABLE BIOACCUMULATION POTENTIAL DEAD TREE/FISH SYMBOL RISK PHASES REQUIRED
WATER SOLUBILITYgt1 mg/l
lt1mg/L N gt3 Y R50,R53
1-10 mg N gt3 Y R51,R53
10-100 mg/L N n/a N R52,R53
gt100 mg/L N/A/ N/A NO NONE
WATER SOLUBIKLITY lt 1 mg/l
N/A NO N/A NO R 53
R511
R50- VERY TOXIC
R51- TOXIC R52- HARMFUL
R53- LONG TERM EFFECT
21
TEST METHODS FOR BIODEGRADABILITY
S. NO. TEST METHOD PASS LEVEL () DAYS (DURATION) PARAMETERS TEST TYPE / COUNTRY
1 OILY PRODUCTS RELATIVE BIODEGRADABILITY CEC-L-33-A-04 70 21 IR
2 ULTIMATE BIODEGRABILITY ASTM D-5864-95 60 28 CO2
22
BIODEGRADABILITY TEST METHODS(CONTD)
S.NO TEST METHOD PASS LEVEL() DAYS (DURATION) PARAMETERS TEST TYPE /COUNTRY
3 WATER SOLUBLE PRODUCTS ULTIMATE BIODEGRADABIITY OECD 301A OECD 301 B OECD 301 C OECD 301 D OECD 301 E OECD 301 F 70 60 - - 70 - 28 28 28 28 28 28 DOCREMOVAL CO2 ODUCTION O2 UPTAKE -DO- DOCREMOVAL CO PRODUCTION AFNOR,FRANCE STURM TEST(M) MITI, JAPAN CLOSED BOTTLE AFNOR (M) CLEDHIL,USA
4 INHERENT BIODEGRADABILITY OECD 302 A OECD 302 B OECD 302 C 20 20 20 - 28 - DOC REMOVAL DOC REMOVAL BOD/COD SCAS TEST ZAHN.W.EMPA TEST MITI 11 TEST
23
RELATIVE BIODEGRADABILITY OF BASE FLUIDS
BASE FLUIDS BIODEGRABILITY()
MINERAL OIL 20-30
POLY ALKYL-GLYCOL 20-80
WHITE OIL 30-55
HYDROCRACKED BASE OIL 30-55
PAO 30-55
POLYOL ESTERS 50-100
VEGETABLE OILS 90-100
REF- MOHANTI S, ENVIROTCH 2001
24
NON-ANIMAL TOXICITY TEST METHODS
TEST METHODS ORGANISM/MATERIAL PARAMETER
OECD201/DIN 38412(IX) ALGAE EC 10 EC 50
OECD 202/DIN 38412(II) DAPHNIA -MUTAGENECITY
OECD 203 FISH LC 0,LC 50,LC 100
ISO 8192/DIN 38412(VIII) BACTERIA EC 10.EC 50
MICROTOX LUMINISCENT MARINE BACTERIA VIBRIO FISCHERI ECOTOXICITY
MUTATOX -DO- MUTAGENECITY-
SKIN IRRITATION ENZYME BASED -
EYE IRRITATION -DO- -
25
FINISHED LUBRICANTS
  • VIRGIN BASE OILS (0-100)
  • PETROLEUM BASED
  • SYNTHETICS
  • SEMISYNTHETICS
  • WATER BASED
  • MIXED BASE OILS
  • RECYCLED
  • ADDITIVES (020)
  • NATURE DERIVED
  • CHEMICALY MODIFIED
  • SYNTHETIC
  • SOLVENTS
  • CHORINATED
  • NON- CHLORINATED

26
CLASSIFICATION OF BASE OILS (1996)
GROUP SATURATE(Wt ) SULPHER() VI ROUTE
I lt90 gt0.03 80-120 CONVENTIONAL/HYBRID
II gt90 lt0.03 80120 HYDROCRCKER
III gt90 lt0.03 gt120 CAT.DEWAXING
IV - POLY ALPHA OLEFINS SYNTHETICS
V - ALL OTHERS SYNTHETICS /VEGETABLE OIL
27
LUBE BASE OIL TYPE AND THEIR PROCESSING
TYPE VI PROCESSING ROUTE
CONVENTIONAL
LVI lt85 UNTREATED
HVI 90105 SOLVENT EXTRACTED/HYDROTREAT
UNCONVENTIONAL
VHVI 110-130 HYDROCRACKING
XHVI 130 WAX HYDROISOMERISATION
28
EFFECT OF CATALYTIC HYDROPROCESSING ON VI
  • CHEMICAL REACTION
  • POLYAROMATICS (VI 60 ) TO POLYNAPHTHENE
    (VI 20 )
  • POLYNAPHTHENES (VI 20)
  • POLYALKYLMONOCYCLICS (VI 110)
  • PARAFFINS WAXES (VI 150 ) TO ISOPARAFFINS
    (VI 140 )

29
PROCESSES FOR BASE STOCK CURRENT TRENDS
  • IMPROVED SOLVENT REFINING
  • HYDROPROCESSING/HYDROCRACKING
  • MAX DEWAX
  • SELECTIVE CATALYTIC DEWAXING
  • WAX HYDROISOMERISATION
  • LOW PRESSURE HYDROFINISHING
  • GTL TO BASE OIL (GROUP III)

30
SOME SPECIAL PROPERTIES OF GR. III BASE OILS
BASE OIL TYPE VISCOSITY STABILITY (CCS-25O -35OC) difference cP NOACK VOLATILITY ( ) OXIDATIVE STABILITY (HRS)
SOLVENT REFINED GR.III BASE OIL PAO 1200 400 300 30 13 11 8 33 38
PAO AND GR III ARE COMING CLOSE
31
TRENDS IN BASE OIL USE
  • LIGHT VISCOSITY - EASY START,FUEL EFFICIENCY
  • LOW VOLATILITY OIL CONSERVATION
  • REDUCED EMISSIONS
  • HIGH VISCOSITY INDEX BETTER TEMP-VISCOSITY
  • RELATIONSHIP
  • IMPROVED STABILITY LONG DRAIN INTERVAL
  • REDUCED POUR POINT LOW TEMP FLUIDITY
  • BETTER LUBRICITY FUEL ECONOMY
  • ECOFRIENDLY - SAFE MEETING REGULATIONS

32
FINISHED LUBRICANTS
  • VIRGIN BASE OILS (0-100)
  • PETROLEUM BASED
  • SYNTHETICS
  • SEMISYNTHETICS
  • WATER BASED
  • MIXED BASE OILS
  • RECYCLED/USED OIL
  • ADDITIVES (020)
  • NATURE DERIVED
  • CHEMICALY MODIFIED
  • SYNTHETIC
  • SOLVENTS
  • CHORINATED
  • NON CHLORINATED

33
USED OIL RE-REFINING IN INDIA ISSUES
  • Infrastructure for Environment Friendly
  • re-refining technology
  • Import of waste oil dumping ground
  • Base oil quality
  • Record of recognized producers and users of
    re-refined oils in the country and curb on
    malpractices

34
USED OILS CHARACTERISTICS
  • USED OILS PRESENT A VARIED AND POORLY DEFINED
    COCKTAIL OF COMPOUNDS
  • IN USE, A LUBRICANT MAY BECOME CONTAMINATED, OR
    MAY UNDERGO DEGRADATION SO THAT ITS HAZARD TO
    HEALTH IS INCREASED OR NEW ONES INTRODUCED.
  • TYPICAL PROBLEMS ARE
  • CONTAMINATION WITH ENGINE COMBUSTION PRODUCTS,
    PARTICULARLY PCAS
  • CONTAMINATION WITH BACTERIA AND DECOMPOSING DEAD
    BACTERIA

Source Concawe Report No. 5/87
35
USED OILS CHARACTERISTICS
  • TYPICAL CONTAMINANTS AND SOURCES
  • PCA/PAHS OF MINERAL BASE LUBES MAY INCREASE
    DURING USE
  • UPTO TEN- FOLD INCREASE FOR CUTTING OILS AND
    DIESEL ENGINE OILS
  • HUNDRED- FOLD OR MORE FOR GASOLINE ENGINE OILS
    AND QUENCHING OILS

Source Concawe Report No. 5/87
36
OILY SLUDGE/WASTE DISPOSAL
  • Oily sludge
  • Classified as hazardous waste
  • (cat. 10 12 of IHWR 1989)
  • Significant environment risk
  • Contamination of ground water through leaching
  • Release of VOCs, odour
  • Health hazard due to direct/indirect exposure.
  • Pollutants include phenols, HCs, heavy metals
    like chromium, nickel, cadmium, lead, manganese,
    zinc, copper etc

Source Bhattacharya, NEERI, Petrotech-2001
37
IMPORT OF USED OIL IN INDIA REGULATORY SCENARIO
  • WASTE OIL CLASSIFIED AS HAZARDOUS WASTE AS PER HW
    RULES 1989/2000
  • BASEL CONVENTION 1992
  • ON CONTROL OF TRANSBOUNDARY MOVEMENT OF
    HW,PROHIBITS IMPORT OF WASTE OIL (LISTED IN LIST
    A, ANNEX VIII)
  • INDIA IS SIGNATORY TO THIS CONVENTION
  • HW RULES 1989/2000PERMISSION TO IMPORT GRANTED
    BY MOEF UNDER RULES 13(3) AND 14 (3)
  • RULE 13(3)MOEF MUST SATISFY ITSELF THAT
    IMPORTER HAS ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY/APPROPRIATE
    TECHNOLOGY FOR REPROCESSING...

38
OILY SLUDGE/WASTE DISPOSAL
  • SLUDGE MANAGEMENT
  • STRINGENT REGULATORY MEASURES FOR
  • ZERO HAZARDOUS WASTE REFINERY OPERATIONS
  • RECYCLING THROUGH RE-USE AND/OR AS RAW
    MATERIALS FOR NEW VALUE ADDED PRODUCTS USING
    ENVIRONMENTALLY BENIGN PROCESSES
  • BIO-REMEDIATION ETC
  • BIO-REMEDIATION TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION
    INITIATIVES
  • TERI DBT OILZAPPER TECHNOLOGY LICENSED TO
    BPCL AND SHRI RAM BIOTECH
  • TERI IOC (RD) JOINT TECHNOLOGY CALLED OILI
    VOROUS S TRIAL RUNS ORGANIZED IN MATHURA AND
    BARAUNI REFINERY

39
BIOBASED LUBRICANTS
  • PETROCROPS AS A SOURCE OF FUEL
  • -A WELL STUDIED SUBJECT
  • BIOBASED PRODUCTS COMMON IN GREASE
  • BIOBASED LUBRICANTS
  • - A RECENT PHENEMENON
  • BEGINNING WITH JOJOBA, A SERIES OF
  • VEGETABLE OILS AS POTENTIAL LUBRICANTS
  • OR ADDITIVES UNDER STUDY TODAY
  • EG. SOYBEAN, PALM.
  • COCONUT, SUN FLOWER ETC

40
MOTIVATIONAL EFFORTS (CONTD)
  • GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES
  • COUNTRY SPECIFIC
  • USA- SOY OIL
  • EUROPE- RAPE SEED OIL
  • MALAYASIA - PALM
  • INDIA JATROPA
    CURCUS ??
  • SOY BEAN PRODUCTIN IN USA 2.7 BILLION BUSHELS
  • -HALF OF WORLDS TOTAL PRODUCTION
  • SOYOIL POTENTIALS - 3.6 BILLION GALLONS /YEAR
  • AVAILABLE AT COMPETETIVE COST 0.15 / LBS
  • GMO TECHNOLOGY IS FURTHER ENCOURAGING
  • ITS USE AS INDUSTRIAL LUBRICANT

41
MOTIVATIONAL EFFORTS (CONTD)
  • MANDATES
  • FEDERAL EXECUTIVE ORDER 13134 ,1999
  • DEVELOPING PROMOTING BIOBASED
  • PRODUCTS BIOENERGY TO
  • TRIPLE THE USE BY 2010
  • IOWA STATE SENATE FILE 2185 GIVING
  • PURCHASE PREFERENCE TO ALL
  • BIOBASED LUBES GREASE
  • LEAD BY EXAMPLE

42
GERMAN GOVERNMENT INITIATIVES
  • RESOLUTION (JUNE 16, 19940
  • PROMOTE USE OF BIOLUBRICANTS AND
  • HYDTAULIC FLUID
  • RESOLUTION (28TH NOV.1995
  • REVISED 1999)
  • REPORT ON USE OF RAPIDLY
  • BIODEGRADABLE LUBES
  • REGULATION(JUNE 2000)
  • PROGRAMME TO SUPPORT SUBSTITUTION
  • OF MINERAL OIL WITH BIOBASED OILS

43
MOTIVATIONAL EFFORTS(CONTD)
  • DUE TO PUBLIC CRAZE FOR GREEN
  • PRODUCTS, MANY COMPANIES NOW OFFER
  • BIOBASED LUBES
  • SOLD AS THE TOP OF SHELF, PRESTIGE
  • PRODUCTS FOR A NISCHE BUT GROWING
  • MARKET
  • USE ECOSEALS FOR PRODUCT
  • DIFFERENTIATION

44
SOME BIOBASED COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS
SL.NO MANUFACTURER PRODUCT APPLICATION
1 BEECHEM BIOHYDRAULIC HYDRAULIC
2 CASTROL BIOTEXHVX GEAR OIL
3 MOBIL EAL 224H HYDRAULIC
4 KLUBER BIO 42 M AGRI. EQIPTS
5 BINOL (UK)) FILIUM 621 CUTTING OIL
6 ICI EMKAVOX HYDRAULIC
7 NEPTUNA NEPTUNA 2T 2 STROKE
REF BHATIA VK IIP(D) JUNE 2000
45
COMPOSITION OF COMMON VEGETABLE OILS
OIL MONO UNSATURATES ()) POLY-UNSATURATES () SATURATES ()
OLIVE 75 11 14
CANOLA 58 36 6
PEANUT 49 34 18
PALM 39 10 51
CORN 25 62 13
SOYABEAN 24 61 15
SUNFLOWER 20 69 11
COTTON SEED 19 54 27
SAFLOWER 13 78 9
COCONUT 6 2 92
SOURCE SAE 941758
46
OXIDATIVE STABILITY V/S PERCENT OLEIC IN
VEGETABLE OILS
OIL OLEIC ()
SOY 22
CORN 32
PEANUT 45
CANOLA 60
OLIVE 73
HO SUN 81
VHO SUN 92
SOURCE EUROGREASE, P 21, JULY 2000
47
CHANGES IN VEGETABLE OIL VISCOSITIES IN ASTM
D-2271 (1000HRS _at_1000 PSI _at_78OC
OIL TYPE OLEIC CHANGE IN VISCOSITY(CST)
SOY 23,4 23,4 43.86
LOW LINOLEIC SOY 32.9 32.9 20.5
CHEMICALLY MODIFIED SOY 37.5 37.5 24.18
EXPELLED CRUDE SOY 23.4 23.4 49.0
UHO SUN 86,8 86,8 16.23
HO CANOLA 76.5 76.5 19,53
PALM OIL 76 76 12.97

SOURCE eurogrease, p 22 june 2000
48
CHANGES IN VISCOSITIES AS PER ASTM D-2271 OF
FORMULATED FLUIDS (1000HRS _at_1000 PSI _at_78OC)
OIL TYPE VISCOSITY CHANGE
SOY BASED TRACTOR HYDRAULIC OIL 4.6
CANOLA BASED TRACTOR HYDRAULIC OIL 2,03
RAPE SEED BASED AW HYDRAULIC OIL 37,2
PET BASED AW HYDRAULIC OIL 1.5
50-50 SOY-PET. BASED HYDRAULIC OIL 1,6
Measured _at_ 40oC
49
BIOBASED LUBRICANTS
  • POSITIVE SIDE
  • BETTER VISCOSITY-TEMP RELATIONSHIP
  • BETTER LUBRICITY
  • ECO FRIENDLY
  • BETTER VOLATILITY CHARACTERSTICS
  • SURPLUS AVAILABILITY IN SOME COUNTRIES
  • NEGATIVE SIDE
  • OXIATION,HYDROLYTIC AND THERMAL
  • STABILITY
  • HIGH PERFORMANCE ADDITIVES

GMO MAY PROVIDE THE ANSWER
50
FINISHED LUBRICANTS
  • VIRGIN BASE OILS (0-100)
  • PETROLEUM BASED
  • SYNTHETICS
  • SEMISYNTHETICS
  • WATER BASED
  • MIXED BASE OILS
  • RECYCLED
  • ADDITIVES (020)
  • NATURE DERIVED
  • CHEMICALY MODIFIED
  • SYNTHETIC
  • SOLVENTS
  • CHORINATED
  • NON-CHLORINATED

51
ADDITIVE PACKAGE COMPONENTS
  • ANTIWEAR
  • DETERGENT
  • DISPERSANT
  • EMULSIFIER
  • DEMULSIFIER
  • EXTREME PRESSURE
  • FOAM INHIBITOR
  • DYE
  • SEAL SWELL AGENT
  • FRICTION MODIFIER
  • OXIDATION INHIBITOR
  • POUR POINT DEPRESSANT
  • RUST CORROSION INHIBITOR
  • BIOCIDES
  • COUPLERS

52
ADDITIVE COMPONENT TYPE
  • CHEMICALLY INERT
  • EMULSIFIERS
  • FOAM INHIBITORS
  • FRICTION MODIFIER
  • PPD
  • VISCOSITY MODIFIERS
  • CHEMICALLY ACTIVE
  • ANTIWEAR AGENT
  • DETERGENT
  • DISPERSANT
  • E P AGENT
  • OXIDATIOJN INHIBITOR
  • RUST AND CORROSION INHIBITOR

53
ADDITIVES - ENVIRONMENT COMPATIBILITY ISSUE
  • CURRENTLY USED ADDITIVES
  • ARE NOT BIODEGRADABLE GENERALLY
  • COULD BE TOXIC Eg,NITRITES,HEAVY METALS,
  • CHLORINATED PARAFFINS ,BIOCIDES,
  • PHOSPHATES ETC
  • BIOBASED ADDITIVES
  • SULFURISED VEGETABLE OILS AS EP/AW
  • SPECIAL ASHLESS SULPHONATES, SUCCINATES AS
  • CORROSION INHIBITOR
  • SPECIAL ANTIOXIDANTS

ADDITIVES FOR BIOBASED LUBES IS A WEAK LINK
54
CURRENT PUBLIC MOOD PETROBASED TO BIOBASED
  • NAPHTHENIC (LVI)
  • HVI
  • TOXICANT FREE
  • XHVI
  • SYNTHETICS
  • BIODEGRADABLE
  • ECOFRIENDLY
  • BIOBASED

55
TRENDS IN BASE OIL USE
  • LIGHTER VISCOSITY - EASY START FUEL EFFICIENCY
  • LOW VOLATILITY OIL CONSERVATION
  • REDUCED EMISSIONS
  • HIGH VISCOSITY INDEX BETTER TEMP-VISCOSITY
  • RELATIONSHIP
  • IMPROVED STABILITY LONG DRAIN INTERVAL
  • REDUCED POUR POINT LOW TEMP FLUIDITY
  • BETTER LUBRICITY FUEL ECONOMY
  • ECOFRIENDLY - SAFE MEETING REGULATIONS

56
DEMAND, SUPPLY DEFECIT OF BASE STOCKS IN INDIA
DEMAND 1.0 MMT SUPPLY SR
0.63 MMT GR II 0.14
MMT DEFICIT 0.33 MMT
BIODEGRADABLE OIL BASED ON VEGETABLE OILS CAN
PLAY A COMPLIMENTARY ROLE
57
DOES GREEN LUBES MAKE SENSE FOR INDIA
  • INDIAN DEMAND FOR LUBES BY 2005
  • WILL BE ABOUT 1,6 MMT
  • RECYCLE INDUSTRY IS VIRTUALLY
  • NON FUNCTIONAL
  • COUNTRYS WATER WAYS, AIR QUALITY
  • HEAVILY POLLUTED
  • PROMOTIONAL EFFORTS FOR BIOBASED,
  • ALCOHOL,BIODIESELARE ALREADY ON.
  • BIOBASED LUBRICANTS CAN BE COPROMOTED.
  • IT OFFERS NO CONFLICT WITH EXISTING
  • PRACTICE AS SUBSTANTIAL QUANTITY
  • . OF BASE OILS ARE STILL IMPORTED.
  • A COMPLIMENTARY ROLE IS FORESEEN

58
CONCLUSION
  • NEW MACHINES REQUIREMENTS AND
  • ENVIRONMENTAL PRESSURES HAVE
  • FORCED SINIFICANT CHANGES IN LUBRICANT
  • AND ADDITIVE TECHNOLOGY
  • TOTAL LIFECYCLE ANALYSIS FOR A
  • NEW PRODUCT HAS BECOME NECESSARY
  • FOR GREEN LUBRICANT BIODEGRADABILITY
  • IS ONE OF MANY OTHER REQUIREMENTS
  • GROUP III BASE OILS ARE COMING CLOSER
  • TO PAO BUT IN TERMS OF BIODEGRADABILITY
  • THEYARE NO MATCH FOR BIOBASED
  • LUBRICANTS

59
CONCLUSION (CONTD)
  • GENETICALLY MODIFIED VEGETABLE OILS
  • WITH HIGH OLEIC CONTENT HAVE GIVEN
  • MATCHING PERFORMANCE WITH MINERAL
  • OIL BASED PRODUCTS
  • POSSIBLE BIOREMEDIATION OF ACIDIC SLUDGE
  • BY IOC/TERI SCIENTISTS HAS OPENED A NEW
  • APPROACH TO REVITALISE THE RECYCLING
  • INDUSTRY
  • BIOBASED LUBRICANT INDUSTRY IS PICKINGUP
  • USA AND EUROPE. IT MAKES A GOOD SENSE IN
  • INDIA TOO AS IT IS EXPECTED TO PLAY
  • A COMPLIMENTARY ROLE.

60
THINKING GREEN IS SATWIK
EATING GREEN IS HEALTHY
GREENING OF ENERGY IS FUTURE
THE FUTURE WHICH IS FOR US, FOR OUR CHILDREN
AND HUMANITY
61
THANK YOU
About PowerShow.com