The primary supplier of heroin to the United States is South America which has surpassed the formerly dominant Southeast Asia
Different sections of the country receives their supply from different sources though
Southwest Mexico (black tar)
Northeast Southeast Asia
Columbia is the leader of the South American countries in heroin production and distribution
3 What is in it
Pure heroin is processed from morphine a substance found in certain varieties of poppy plants.
It is white and has a bitter taste
It is often mixed with other drugs when it is cut including strychnine and other poisons
4 What does it look like
On the street heroin can be found in all different forms
Its color ranges from white to beige to brown to black
Color changes occur due to impurities in its manufacturing
It also varies in texture from the pure white powder to the sticky black tar Mexican heroin
Each different purchase of heroin could contains a different level of purity as well
Ranging anywhere from 10 to as high as 96 from South America
5 Mode of Administration
Heroin may be injected snorted or smoked
Once the heroin is purchased it is often dissolved down and injected by needle
This is the fastest way for the user to feel the effects and the most common
Two types of injections are intravenous (7 sec.) and intramuscular (5 min)
Snorting is the next most common and is traditionally done by the more wealthier users
Both snorting and smoking take at least 10 to 15 minutes to feel the rush
6 How does it cause its effect
Many different parts of the brain are effected by heroin use
They primarily effect the limbic system which controls you emotions allowing the user to feel and extreme increase in pleasure.
On the spinal cord pain messages transmitted to the from the body are blocked eliminating all discomforts
At the brain stem the usage effects your automatic body functions such as breathing and may often depress your breathing pattern to dangerous levels
7 Long Term Effects
Primarily a strong addiction
Infections of the heart lining and valves
Arthritis and other rheumatologic problems
8 Short Term Effects
Clouded mental functioning
Nausea and vomiting
Suppression of pain
9 Who uses it
There are an estimated 810000 heroin addicts in the United States
80 of those are under the age of 26
The mean age of addicts is 21.3 years old down from 25 only 10 years ago
If this trend continues experts are predicting the mean age to fall under 20 years of age in the next 15 years
10 How much does it cost
Heroin is an expensive drug that can cause its user to lose everything
This expensive habit often causes its user to turn to illegal tactics to be able to afford the rush
A gram of heroin can cost 500-700
An addicts annual bill may reach as high as 80000-10000
11 (No Transcript) 12 Fighting the Addiction
There are several different types of treatment options for a heroin addict
Most common is methadone treatment. This withdrawal procedure slowly eases the patient off the drug by replacing heroin with methadone a lower dose of heroin. This treatment option is very expensive though and may cost near 5000 for complete detoxification.
Another method often attempted is going Cold Turkey. Here the addict just quits completely. It is compared to jumping off a cliff and often causes death for those whose bodies are too unhealthy to withstand the withdrawal.
13 HIV AIDS and other problems
Due to the high number of addicts turning to the needle to receive their rush and the common practice of sharing those needles HIV has spread quickly among the heroin community. Many hospitals provide free sterile needles to combat this problem.
Hepatitis is also a common disease passed in this fashion
14 Heroin Addict Hall of Fame 15 5 Review Qs
What plant does heroin come from
Who is the main supplier of heroin to the United States
What are the 3 modes of administration and which produces the fastest results
What are 2 types of withdrawal methods
What age group makes up the primary addicts
Who is your favorite heroin addict
16 Quick Summary
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