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The Vikings


He was the first to reach North America by accident. The vikings established a colony in North ... He and his crew will circumnavigate (go around) the globe. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Vikings

The Vikings
  • They were the first real European explorers.
  • They used a method known as island hopping.
  • They sailed to Iceland, then to Greenland, then
    to North America. (Canada Today)

Leif Eriksson
  • He was the first to reach North America by
  • The vikings established a colony in North America
    known as Vinland.
  • This colony was eventually abandoned.

Europeans Look to Expand Empires
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • Italy

Prince Henry the Navigator
  • In the 1400s Portugal will become a leader in
  • He founded a school of Navigation.
  • He like most Europeans wanted Asian Spices.

  • They wanted Asian Spices.
  • Convert people to Christianity
  • He wanted Portugal to become a world power.

Technology assists Exploration
  • The Magnetic Compass
  • Astrolabe Allows you to navigate using the
  • Caravels They used triangular sails to sail
    against the winds.

Portugals Explorations
  • Bartolomeu Dias He sailed around the southern
    tip of Africa, known as the Cape of Good Hope.
  • Vasco da Gama He sailed around Africa and was
    the first to reach India by Sea.

Christopher Columbus
  • He believes the shortest distance to Asia is to
    sail west instead of east.
  • Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain
    sponsor his trip west. (Pay for it)
  • October 12, 1492 Columbus finds land.
  • IT IS NOT ASIA!!!! Columbus has run into the
    Western Hemisphere

Columbian Exchange
  • This was the transfer (trading) of items between
    the two worlds. Plants and animals from the
    Americas to Europe, Asia and Africa.
  • Corn, Potatoes, Tobacco and Cocoa.

Other Explorers
  • Balboa will sail to Central America and discoer
    the Pacific Ocean
  • Vespucci will come to the conclusion that
    Columbus discovered a new continent. (Later to be
    named the Americas)

The Spanish Conquistadors
  • Spain sets out to establish an empire in the
  • Cortes will conquer the Aztecs.
  • Pizarro will conquer the Incas.
  • This establishes Spain as a world power.

Magellan Because He was Gellin
  • He and his crew will circumnavigate (go around)
    the globe.

The Spanish colonize The New World (Led by the
Catholic Church)
  • Plantations (agriculture) are established.
  • The Native Americans are forced to work on the
    plantations. (Slavery)
  • Bartolome de Las Casas tries to get better
    treatment for the Native population.

The Race for Empires
  • Many nations wanted a piece of the pie in the New
    World. There was money to be made!
  • This will lead to conflict
  • Spain vs. England
  • King Phillip II will send the Spanish Armanda
    (Navy) to destroy Queen Elizabeth and England!
  • The armada is destroyed, ending Spains control
    of the New World.
  • The race is on to claim land in the New World.

The Northwest Passage and Claims in North America
  • The Northwest Passage is a water route through
    North America that would allow ships to sail
    through North America and enter the Pacific.
  • John Cabot- Will sail for England and claiming
    land for England.
  • Jacques Cartier Will sail for France and claim
    land for France.