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DOCTRINE%20OF%20THE%20BIBLE%20%20Canonicity:%20%20How%20Do%20We%20Know%20We%20Have%20the%20True%20Bible%20(Part%201)?

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Title: DOCTRINE%20OF%20THE%20BIBLE%20%20Canonicity:%20%20How%20Do%20We%20Know%20We%20Have%20the%20True%20Bible%20(Part%201)?


1
DOCTRINE OF THE BIBLE Canonicity How Do We
Know We Have the True Bible (Part 1)?
  • October 11, 2009

2
ROLLING STONES TOP TEN
  • 1. Like a Rolling Stone, Bob Dylan
  • 2. Satisfaction, The Rolling Stones
  • 3. Imagine, John Lennon
  • 4. What's Going On, Marvin Gaye
  • 5. Respect, Aretha Franklin
  • 6. Good Vibrations, The Beach Boys
  • 7. Johnny B. Goode, Chuck Berry
  • 8. Hey Jude, The Beatles
  • 9. Smells Like Teen Spirit, Nirvana
  • 10. What'd I Say, Ray Charles

3
CANON
  • Peace and mercy to all who follow this rule,
    even to the Israel of God.
  • Gal 616

4
INSPIRATION
  • All Scripture is breathed out inspired by
    God.
  • (2 Tim 316)
  • Inspiration is the supernatural influence
    exerted on the sacred writings by the Spirit of
    God, by virtue of which their writings are given
    divine trustworthiness. - B. B. Warfield

5
CANONICITY
Canonization concerns the RECOGNITION and
collection of the God-inspired, authoritative
books of Scripture.
- Norman
Geisler
  • The canon is the fruit of divine inspiration,
    not the result of human decisions.
    - Rene Pache
  • Authoritative collection of writings or
    collection of authoritative writings?

6
! ! ! UNCLEAN ! ! !
7
Moses received Torah from Sinai and delivered it
to Joshua Joshua, to the Elders the Elders, to
the prophets and the prophets delivered it to
the men of the Great Assembly.
Mishnah Aboth 11
Elders Joshua 2431 Judges 27 Great Assembly
Nehemiah 8 - 9
8
Torah hr"AT T A
Neviim yaiybingt N
AKethuvim ybiWtK. K H
t n
9
CRITICAL VIEWS
  • 1. Pentateuch (c. 400 BC)
  • Jahwist (950 BC)
  • Elohist (850 BC)
  • Deuteronomist (625 BC)
  • Priestly Code (425 BC)
  • 2. Prophets (400 200 BC)
  • 3. Writings (200 BC AD 90)

10
TESTS OF CANONICITY
  • 1. Was it written by a prophet of God?
  • The Word of God inspired by the Spirit of God
    for the people of God would not be given through
    anyone other than a man of God.
  • Since you seek proof that Christ is speaking
    in me. He is not weak in dealing with you, but is
    powerful among youFor this reason I write these
    things while I am away from you, that when I come
    I may not have to be severe in my use of the
    authority that the Lord has given me for building
    up and not for tearing down.
    (2 Cor 133, 10)
  • I, Paul, write this greeting with my own
    hand. This is the sign of genuineness in every
    letter of mine it is the way I write.
  • (2 Thess 317)

11
TESTS OF CANONICITY
  • 1. Was it written by a prophet of God?
  • 2. Was it confirmed by an act of God?
  • It was declared at first by the Lord, and it
    was attested to us by those who heard, while God
    also bore witness by signs and wonders and
    various miracles and by gifts of the Holy Spirit
    distributed according to his will. (Heb
    23-4)

12
TESTS OF CANONICITY
  • 1. Was it written by a prophet of God?
  • 2. Was it confirmed by an act of God?
  • 3. Does it tell the truth about God?
  • Therefore I want you to understand that no one
    speaking in the Spirit of God ever says "Jesus is
    accursed!" and no one can say "Jesus is Lord"
    except in the Holy Spirit. (1 Cor.
    123)
  • Every spirit which confesses that Jesus Christ
    has come in the flesh is of God. (1
    Jn. 42)

13
TESTS OF CANONICITY
  • 1. Was it written by a prophet of God?
  • 2. Was it confirmed by an act of God?
  • 3. Does it tell the truth about God?
  • 4. Does it have the power of God?
  • The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the
    soul the testimony of the LORD is sure, making
    wise the simple the precepts of the LORD are
    right, rejoicing the heart the commandment of
    the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.
    (Ps 197-8 )
  • Is not my word like fire, declares the LORD,
    and like a hammer that breaks the rock in
    pieces? (Jer 2329)
  • For the word of God is living and active,
    sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the
    division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of
    marrow, and discerning the thoughts and
    intentions of the heart.

    (Heb 412)

14
TESTS OF CANONICITY
  • 1. Was it written by a prophet of God?
  • 2. Was it confirmed by an act of God?
  • 3. Does it tell the truth about God?
  • 4. Does it have the power of God?
  • 5. Was it accepted by the people of God?
  • Importance for the people of God
  • Tradition
  • Recognition by the early church

15
THE ONLY TRUE TEST OF CANONICITY
  • The Testimony of God the Holy Spirit to the
    Authority of His Own Word

16
WHY WAS THE CANON NEEDED?
  • Preservation of Gods Word
  • The needs of the early church
  • The rise of heretics and spurious writings
  • Missions
  • Persecution

17
IS THE CANON CLOSED?
18
LESSONS LEARNED
  • Greater confidence?
  • Greater love?

19
SCHEDULE
  • 09/27 Introduction
  • 10/04 How did we get our Bible?
  • 10/11 How do we know we have the true Bible?
    (Part 1)
  • 10/18 How do we know we have the true Bible?
    (Part 2)
  • 10/25 Why are there so many different
    translations?
  • 11/01 How do we know the Bible is true? (Part
    1)
  • 11/08 How do we know the Bible is true? (Part
    2)
  • 11/15 The testimony of Scripture to itself
    (Part 1)
  • 11/22 The testimony of Scripture to itself
    (Part 2)
  • 11/29 Thanksgiving
  • 12/06 The testimony of the early church
  • 12/13 The testimony of extrabiblical sources
  • 12/20 The testimony of changed lives
  • 12/27 Christmas
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