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The Northern Renaissance

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Title: The Northern Renaissance Author: Administrator Last modified by: LSydeski Created Date: 9/7/2006 11:48:49 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Northern Renaissance


1
THE NORTHERN RENAISSANCE
Art Literature
2
Northern Renaissance
  • Gradual spread northward France, Low Countries,
    England, Poland, Hungary, Germany, Scandinavia
  • late 15th 16th centuries
  • Wealthy patrons in France, Germany, England begin
    importing Italian Renaissance art and culture

3
Northern Renaissance
  • Christian Humanists ethical way of life
  • Reform based on Christian ideals
  • Stressed the use of reason rather than the dogma
    of the RCC
  • Nature of Man good
  • Expansion of education, literacy
  • Studied Classics - BIBLE

4
Italian vs. Northern Renaissance
  • More Religious Christian Humanism
  • Less secular than Italy
  • Printing press
  • C. 1450 Johannes Gutenberg
  • Vernacular

5
Renaissance Literature
  • Dante Divine Comedy
  • Petrarch Father of Humanism
  • Boccaccio Decameron
  • Castiglione Courtier
  • Mirondola On the Dignity of Man
  • Valla The False Donation of Constantine
  • Machiavelli The Prince

6
Dante Alighieri
  • The Divine Comedy (printed 1555)
  • (1265-1321)
  • Literary masterpiece
  • Written in Vernacular
  • Epic poem imaginary trip through Hell,
    Purgatory, and Heaven
  • Guide Roman Poet Virgil

7
Francesco Petrarch
  • 1304-1374
  • Italian
  • Father of Humanism
  • new learning
  • Literary culture anyone who was considered
    educated and civilized
  • Sonnets romantic love, appreciation of nature

8
Giovanni Boccaccio
  • 1313-1375
  • The Decameron
  • Italian Humanist
  • Description of the Black Death
  • Portrays acquisitive, sensual, and worldly
    society
  • Does not condemn the enjoyment or accumulation of
    wealth

9
Baldassare Castiglione
  • 1478-1529
  • Italian Humanist
  • The Courtier
  • Defined the ideal Renaissance Man
  • Man who could compose a sonnet, wrestle, sing,
    play an instrument, ride expertly, solve
    mathematical problems, and above all speak and
    write eloquently

10
Pico della Mirandola
  • 1463-1494
  • Oration of the Dignity of Man
  • Italian Humanist
  • Mans place b/w the beasts and angels, because he
    was made in the image of Adam no limits to what
    he can accomplish

11
Lorenzo Valla
  • 1407-1457
  • Italian Humanist
  • The False Donation of Constantine
  • Donation of Constantine forgery written in 8th
    century not 4th century
  • Linguist, studied grammar and rhetoric
  • Father of modern historical criticism

12
NICCOLO MACHIAVELLI
  • (1469-1527)
  • Italian Diplomat
  • Held a number of political positions in Florence
  • 14 years diplomatic missions to foreign nations
  • Met Cesare Borgia (son of Pope Alexander VI)
  • 1512 Spain invade Florence Machiavelli exiled
  • 1513 The Prince short political treatise
  • Dedicated to Lorenzo de Medici wanted to regain
    a political position in the Florentine govt

13
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14
Northern Renaissance Literature
  • Erasmus
  • Praise of Folly
  • Sir Thomas More
  • Utopia
  • William Shakespeare
  • Romeo and Juliet
  • Hamlet
  • Macbeth

15
ERASMUS
  • 1466?-1536
  • Dutch
  • Praise of Folly
  • Education key to reform
  • Satire criticizes RCC
  • Erasmus laid the egg that Luther hatched

16
Sir Thomas More
  • 1478-1535
  • Utopia 1516
  • nowhere
  • English
  • Ideal community on an imaginary island
  • Protested abuses of contemporary society

17
Northern Renaissance Art
  • OPTIC
  • Observe?
  • Parts?
  • Title?
  • Interpretations?
  • Conclusions?

18
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25
Jan Van Eyck
  • 1385-1441
  • Flemish
  • The Arnolfini Portrait (1434)
  • 32.4 x 23.6
  • National Gallery, London
  • Oil on Canvas
  • Compare to Italian Renaissance?

26
Albrecht Dürer
  • German
  • 1471-1528
  • Self-Portrait (1500)
  • Woodcutter, engraver, painter, mathematician

27
Albrecht Dürer
  • The Last Supper (1510)
  • German
  • Wood cut

28
Hans Holbein
  • German born - England
  • Portrait of Erasmus (1523)
  • Portrait of Thomas More (1527)
  • Portrait of Henry VIII (1536)

29
Heironymus Jerome Bosch
  • The Low Countries (Netherlands)
  • Death and The Miser (1510)
  • The Last Judgment (1500s)
  • Garden of Earthly Delights (1500)
  • Compare/Contrast?

30
EL GRECO
  • Spain
  • The Greek (1541-1614)
  • Born island of Crete
  • Move to Spain 1577
  • View of Toledo (1597-1599)
  • The Holy Trinity (1577-1579)

31
Northern Renaissance
  • Knowledge of the Classics
  • Christian Ethics, A Unified Peaceful Christendom
  • Reform and Improve society through Reason and
    Education
  • Erasmus, Thomas More
  • Criticism of the Church laid the foundation for
    Protestant Reformation
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