# Points, Lines, Planes, and Angles - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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## Points, Lines, Planes, and Angles

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### Points, Lines, Planes, and Angles 5-1 Warm Up Problem of the Day Lesson Presentation Pre-Algebra – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Points, Lines, Planes, and Angles

1
Points, Lines, Planes, and Angles
5-1
Warm Up
Problem of the Day
Lesson Presentation
Pre-Algebra
2
Warm Up Solve. 1. x 30 90 2. 103 x
180 3. 32 x 180 4. 90 61 x 5. x 20
90
x 60
x 77
x 148
x 29
x 70
3
Problem of the Day Mrs. Meyers class is having
a pizza party. Half the class wants pepperoni on
the pizza, of the class wants sausage on the
pizza, and the rest want only cheese on the
pizza. What fraction of Mrs. Meyers class wants
just cheese on the pizza?
4
Learn to classify and name figures.
5
Vocabulary
point line plane segment ray angle right
angle acute angle obtuse angle complementary
angles supplementary angles vertical
angles congruent
6
Points, lines, and planes are the building blocks
of geometry. Segments, rays, and angles are
defined in terms of these basic figures.
7
A point names a location.
A
Point A
8
A line is perfectly straight and extends forever
in both directions.
9
A plane is a perfectly flat surface that extends
forever in all directions.
E
P
plane P, or plane DEF
D
F
10
A segment, or line segment, is the part of a line
between two points.
H
G
11
A ray is a part of a line that starts at one
point and extends forever in one direction.
J
KJ
K
12
Additional Example 1A 1B Naming Points, Lines,
Planes, Segments, and Rays
A. Name 4 points in the figure.
Point J, point K, point L, and point M
B. Name a line in the figure.
Any 2 points on a line can be used.
13
Additional Example 1C Naming Points, Lines,
Planes, Segments, and Rays
C. Name a plane in the figure.
Any 3 points in the plane that form a triangle
can be used.
14
Additional Example 1D 1E Naming Points, Lines,
Planes, Segments, and Rays
D. Name four segments in the figure.
E. Name four rays in the figure.
15
Try This Example 1A 1B
A. Name 4 points in the figure.
Point A, point B, point C, and point D
B. Name a line in the figure.
Any 2 points on a line can be used.
A
B
C
D
16
Try This Example 1C
C. Name a plane in the figure.
Any 3 points in the plane that form a triangle
can be used.
A
B
C
D
17
Try This Example 1D 1E
D. Name four segments in the figure
E. Name four rays in the figure
A
B
C
D
18
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19
The measures of angles that fit together to form
a straight line, such as ?FKG, ?GKH, and ?HKJ,
20
The measures of angles that fit together to form
a complete circle, such as ?MRN, ?NRP, ?PRQ, and
21
A right angle measures 90. An acute angle
measures less than 90. An obtuse angle measures
greater than 90 and less than 180. Complementary
angles have measures that add to 90.
Supplementary angles have measures that add to
180.
22
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23
Additional Example 2A 2B Classifying Angles
A. Name a right angle in the figure.
?TQS
B. Name two acute angles in the figure.
?TQP, ?RQS
24
C. Name two obtuse angles in the figure.
?SQP, ?RQT
25
D. Name a pair of complementary angles.
m?TQP m? RQS 47 43 90
?TQP, ?RQS
26
E. Name two pairs of supplementary angles.
?TQP, ?RQT
m?TQP m?RQT 47 133 180
m?SQP m?RQS 137 43 180
?SQP, ?RQS
27
Try This Example 2A
A. Name a right angle in the figure.
?BEC
28
Try This Example 2B 2C
B. Name two acute angles in the figure.
?AEB, ?CED
C. Name two obtuse angles in the figure.
?BED, ?AEC
29
Try This Example 2D
D. Name a pair of complementary angles.
?AEB, ?CED
m?AEB m?CED 15 75 90
30
Try This Example 2D 2E
E. Name two pairs of supplementary angles.
m?AEB m?BED 15 165 180
?AEB, ?BED
m?CED m?AEC 75 105 180
?CED, ?AEC
31
• Congruent figures have the same size and shape.
• Segments that have the same length are
congruent.
• Angles that have the same measure are congruent.
• The symbol for congruence is ?, which is read
is congruent to.
• Intersecting lines form two pairs of vertical
angles. Vertical angles are always congruent, as
shown in the next example.

32
Additional Example 3A Finding the Measure of
Vertical Angles
In the figure, ?1 and ?3 are vertical angles, and
?2 and ?4 are vertical angles.
A. If m?1 37, find m? 3.
The measures of ?1 and ?2 add to 180 because
they are supplementary, so m?2 180 37
143.
The measures of ?2 and ?3 add to 180 because
they are supplementary, so m?3 180 143
37.
33
Additional Example 3B Finding the Measure of
Vertical Angles
In the figure, ?1 and ?3 are vertical angles, and
?2 and ?4 are vertical angles.
B. If mÐ4 y, find mÐ2.
m?3 180 y
m?2 180 (180 y)
180 180 y
Distributive Property m?2 m?4
y
34
Try This Example 3A
In the figure, ?1 and ?3 are vertical angles, and
?2 and ?4 are vertical angles.
2
3
A. If m?1 42, find m?3.
1
4
The measures of ?1 and ?2 add to 180 because
they are supplementary, so m?2 180 42
138.
The measures of ?2 and ?3 add to 180 because
they are supplementary, so m?3 180 138
42.
35
Try This Example 3B
In the figure, ?1 and ?3 are vertical angles, and
?2 and ?4 are vertical angles.
2
3
B. If m?4 x, find m?2.
1
4
m?3 180 x
m?2 180 (180 x)
180 180 x
Distributive Property m?2 m?4
x
36
Lesson Quiz
In the figure, ?1 and ?3 are vertical angles, and
?2 and ?4 are vertical angles.
1. Name three points in the figure.
Possible answer A, B, and C
2. Name two lines in the figure.
3. Name a right angle in the figure.