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Voiced%20sounds

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Voiced sounds. Which sounds are fully voiced? baby dog today egg. English uses fully voiced stops word medially, but not initially or finally ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Voiced%20sounds


1
Voiced sounds
  • Which sounds are fully voiced?
  • baby dog today egg
  • English uses fully voiced stops word medially,
    but not initially or finally
  • Practice fully voiced stops

2




(Catford figure 13)
3
Implosives
  • The opposite of ejectives
  • Uses glottalic ingressive initiation
  • But glottis is slightly open and vocal folds are
    vibrating
  • Examples
  • Igbo

4
Implosives
(Catford figure 15)
5
plosive
implosive




(Catford figure 16)
6
Phonation
  • In order of glottal closure, starting with the
    most open
  • Voiceless
  • Vocal folds apart and not vibrating
  • Breathy voice (or murmur)
  • Voiced
  • Vocal folds close together and vibrating
  • Creaky

7
In order of glottal closure
(Aronoff 1997)
8
Phonation
  • Breathy
  • Vocal folds apart, but still vibrating (flapping
    in the breeze)
  • Example Hindi
  • Creaky
  • Vocal folds together, except for at the front of
    the larynx
  • Example Mazatec, English

9
Other types we wont cover
  • Harsh voice
  • example
  • Tense voice
  • example
  • Falsetto

10
Phonation (in terms of type)
  • Phonated
  • Voiceless (nil)
  • Voiced
  • Implosives
  • Breathy
  • Creaky
  • Unphonated
  • Ejectives
  • Glottis is closed
  • Clicks
  • No air flow through glottis
  • Glottal stop
  • Glottis is closed

11
Phonation (in terms of initiation)
  • Phonated
  • Pulmonic
  • Ingressive
  • Egressive
  • Except glottal stop
  • Glottalic
  • Ingressive
  • Unphonated
  • Velaric
  • Ingressive
  • Egressive
  • Glottalic
  • Egressive
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