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Harriet tubman

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Title: Glen Edwards Author: opacuser Last modified by: Lab User Created Date: 3/5/2008 9:24:42 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Harriet tubman


1
Harriet tubman
2
Overview
  • Early Life
  • Adult Life leading to Freedom
  • Contributions to Society
  • Leadership Qualities and Legacy
  • Howard University Building
  • Concluding Summary
  • Questions

3
Early Life
4
Early Life
  • Records of her birth do not exist
  • Claimed she was born in 1820, 1822, and 1825
  • Born Araminta "Minty Ross to slave parents
    Harriet Green and Ben Ross
  • Birth location Dorchester County, Maryland
  • Brothers sale key moment in the development of
    her beliefs

5
Early Life
  • Treated as a slave and suffered heavily at the
    hands of different white owners
  • Beatings starting at age 5
  • Measles
  • Head injury
  • Became more and more religiously devout after
    each injury/ illness

6
Adult Life leading to Freedom
7
Adult Life
  • Technically thought to be an adult at age 11
  • 1844 (?) Married to a free black man named John
    Tubman
  • Union complicated because of her slave status
  • Changed her name from Araminta to Harriet soon
    after her marriage
  • Started to dream of freedom. Going North was her
    goal
  • Husband not supportive, but freedom won

8
Freedom
  • 1849 Disease stricken again, Tubman loses value
    as a slave
  • Attempts to be sold fail
  • Master dies after Tubman prays for his death
  • 17 September 1849 Tubman escapes with two
    brothers
  • Widow did not notice for some time, thinking
    Tubman was working for neighbors

9
Freedom
  • Two weeks later, Brodess figures out Tubman fled
  • Reward posted for Tubman and two brothers
  • Brothers rethink decision to escape
  • Return with Tubman to Maryland
  • Soon after, Tubman escapes again, this time alone

10
Freedom
  • Escaped using the Underground Railroad network
  • Little is known of her first crossing, but Tubman
    admitted feeling in Heaven after crossing Mason
    Dixon Line
  • Fearing for her family, she returned to Maryland
    to help free family members

11
Contributions to Society
12
Contributions to SocietyBreakdown
  • Moses Conductor
  • General Tubman
  • Final Crossing
  • Civil War

13
Contributions to Society Moses
  • September 1850 Tubman made official conductor of
    the UGRR
  • Harriet Tubman becomes Moses
  • 1850 Fugitive Slave Act passed
  • Law enforcement officials had to aid in the
    capture of fugitive slaves
  • Tubman tightens security and sends freed slaves
    into Canada instead of North USA
  • Worked closely with Frederick Douglas and Thomas
    Garret

14
Contributions to Society General Tubman
  • Introduced to John Brown
  • Brown so impressed with Tubman, nicknames her
    General Tubman
  • Although not fond of violence, Tubman helps Brown
    plan and recruit for the failed raid on Harpers
    Ferry
  • Tubman had not received the message of when the
    strike was going to take place, possibly saving
    her life

15
Contributions to Society Final Crossing
  • In November 1860, intended to return to save
    sister and her children
  • Sister died and children had to be bought
  • Tubman didnt have the money to buy the
    childrens freedom
  • Instead of leaving empty handed, rescued the
    Ennals family
  • Arrived in NY state on December 28, 1860

16
Contributions to Society Civil War
  • Aided black refugees at the start of the war and
    worked as a nurse
  • June 2, 1863, Tubman became first woman to lead
    an armed assault during Civil War
  • Tubman aided in the rescue of nearly 700 slaves
    in the Combahee River Raid
  • Helped scout and gather intelligence for Union
    forces

17
Leadership Qualities
18
Leadership Qualities
  • Dedication
  • Resilience
  • Courage
  • Intelligence
  • Street Smarts
  • Intelligence gathering

19
Legacy
20
Legacy
  • Personally rescued over 70 slaves from the South
    with the railway
  • Set a standard for the future of the abolitionist
    movement
  • Buried with military honors at Fort Hill Cemetery
  • Booker T. Washington delivered the keynote
    address
  • First biography of Tubman didnt come out until
    1942
  • The next biography would not come out until 2003

21
Legacy for Me - Inspiration
Belief
  • Trust

22
Howard University
23
Howard University
  • Harriet Tubman has a quadrangle named in her
    honor
  • Tubman Quad surrounded by five residential
    halls
  • More commonly known simply as The Quad

24
Concluding Summary
25
Concluding Summary
  • Early Life
  • Adult Life leading to Freedom
  • Contributions to Society
  • Leadership Qualities and Legacy
  • Howard University Building

26
For those interested
  • Sources
  • Clinton, Catherine (2004). Harriet Tubman The
    Road to Freedom. New York Little, Brown and
    Company
  • Sterling, Dorothy (1970). Freedom Train The
    Story of Harriet Tubman. New York Scholastic,
    Inc

27
Thank You for Your Attention
Questions?
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