The Early Middle Ages: The Feudal Spirit - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Early Middle Ages: The Feudal Spirit

Description:

The Early Middle Ages: The Feudal Spirit The Age of Charlemagne Descended from Franks: valued war and destruction Blend of two cultures during reign of Charlemagne ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:1566
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 39
Provided by: AnaMari94
Learn more at: http://socialstudies90.wikispaces.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Early Middle Ages: The Feudal Spirit


1
The Early Middle Ages The Feudal Spirit
2
The Age of Charlemagne
  • Descended from Franks valued war and destruction
  • Blend of two cultures during reign of Charlemagne
  • Kingdom Large European kingdom, from the Rhine
    to Spain
  • Renewed interest in learning and arts

3
The Carolingian Renaissance
  • His interest in culture assembled group of
    scholars and artists. Favorite book The City
    of God
  • Imperial ideal from Rome and Byzantium
  • Monks copied manuscripts and painted, learned
    chants and interpreted the Bible.
  • Alcuin of York, teacher revival of learning and
    literacy. Attempted universal education

4
The Culture of the Book
  • Books were expensive
  • Illustrated manuscripts Hellenistic and
    Byzantine style, incorporating Anglo-Saxon art.
  • Utrecht Psalter collection of Psalms
  • Sculpture disappeared. Reliquaries.
  • The cult of relics

5
Charlemagnes Court
  • Pilgrimage to Rome in 800. Crowned emperor.
    First monarch since Roman times
  • Aachen, Aix-la-Chapelle. Modeled after Byzantine
    churches
  • Charlemagnes kingdom only lasted one generation
    after his death
  • New wave of invasions Muslims, Hungarians,
    Vikings

6
Feudal Europe
  • France and England brunt of Viking invasions
  • Decentralized system feudal estates
  • Feudalism system based on vows of military
    service and ownership of land.
  • Based on grant of lands by lords to vassals in
    return for service
  • Castle residence of lords family

7
  • Refuge for the feudal estate during war
  • Crusaders came back and improved them
  • Fortresses to defend against siege
  • Decoration of castles simple tapestries to
    protect from cold
  • Pagan rituals and celebrations mumming
  • Origin of masquerades and masked dances

8
The Song of Roland
  • Oral literature of military exploits such as
    epics.
  • Battle from Charlemagnes campaigns in Spain.
    Hero Roland who battles Muslim knights
  • Celebrated knights bravery in battle and loyalty
    to his lord
  • No women

9
  • Tale of feudal courage, violence and treachery
  • Blows his horn to summon Charlemagne, but dies
    before king appears
  • Feudal and Christian values are highlighted

10
Chivalry
  • Emerged as a way to enforce loyalty.
  • Loyal to lord, not sleep with his wife, or
    surrender his castle as well as religious
    devotion and service to ladies
  • Tournaments feasting, pageantry and dance
  • Professional warriors emerged

11
The Bayeux Tapestry
  • 1066 Battle of Hastings William the
    Conquerors victory over the English
  • Tapestry Embroidered wall hanging recounting
    the chain of events. 231 feet long linen cloth.
    Probably embroidered by English women.
  • Influenced by Trajans column

12
(No Transcript)
13
Muslim Spain
  • Cultivated society where Muslims, Jews and
    Christians coexisted.
  • Influence of architecture, poetry and philosophy
  • 711 Muslims from North Africa conquer Spain.
    Power declined after 1000
  • Sephardic Jews had centers of learning
  • Spaniards pushed back Muslims until 1492 they
    expelled the last from Granada
  • Muslims and Jews forced to convert

14
  • The Muslims found Spain a jungle and turned it
    into a "Garden of Roses." Victor Robinson (The
    Story of Medicine, p. 104) remarks "Europe was
    darken at sunset, Cordoba shone with public
    lamps

15
  • Europe was dirty, Cordoba built a thousand baths
    Europe was covered with vermin, Cordoba changed
    its undergarments daily Europe lay in mud,
    Cordoba streets were paved Europe's palaces had
    smoke-holes in the ceiling, Cordoba's arabesques
    were exquisite

16
  • Europe's nobility could not sign its name,
    Cordoba's children went to school Europe's monks
    could not read the baptismal service, Cordoba's
    teachers created a library of Alexandrian
    dimensions."

17
(No Transcript)
18
(No Transcript)
19
(No Transcript)
20
Monasticism
  • Rules of chastity, poverty and obedience
  • Refuge from the barbarians
  • Centers of learning and
  • Evangelizing monks and cloistered monks
  • Guardians of arts and artifacts of Western
    civilization
  • Abbey of St. Gall in Switzerland (c. 820)

21
The Romanesque Style
  • Descendants of Otto the Great created Romanesque
    style of architecture
  • Rounded Roman arches and barrel vaults
  • Massive vaults and piers and decoration
  • Abbey of Cluny in Burgundy, France
  • Some elements of the Gothic church

22
(No Transcript)
23
(No Transcript)
24
(No Transcript)
25
The Pilgrimage Churches
  • Medieval tourist centers stopping points during
    pilgrimages to Santiago de Compostela
  • St. Sernin Latin Cross floorplan)
  • chapels off the apse
  • transept( housed the relics)
  • portals
  • ambulatories

26
(No Transcript)
27
(No Transcript)
28
(No Transcript)
29
Romanesque Sculpture
  • Relief sculpture Bibles in stone
  • Portal sculpture on the tympanum
  • Autun Gislibertus lintel sculpture warning of
    wages of sin
  • Vezelay relics of Mary Magdalene

30
(No Transcript)
31
(No Transcript)
32
(No Transcript)
33
(No Transcript)
34
Early Medieval Music and Drama
  • Musical Notation. Initially, chants were taught
    by oral tradition
  • Guido dArezzo six note scale and solmization
    ut, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti
  • Guidonian Hand
  • Staff tone Clef set the tone F or C
  • Invited to Vatican to teach
  • Sacred music passed down

35
(No Transcript)
36
Hildegard of Bingen
  • German abbess (1098-1179)
  • Composed mystical poetry and music
  • Morality play set to music
  • Women should use Mary as role model and reject
    Eve the sinner

37
Drama in the Medieval Church
  • Medieval theater representations of Christs
    birth death and resurrection
  • The Three Wise Men, Herods Slaughter of the
    Innocents, and the Raising of Lazarus.
  • Written in Latin brief
  • Churchgoers followed the scenes throughout the
    church
  • Moved outside the church in the 13th cent.

38
Medieval Philosophy
  • Christian problems existence of God,
    relationship between faith and reason
  • Cathedral schools fostered learning translation
    of Aristotles works
  • Peter Abelard (1079-1142) Tragic love of Heloise.
  • Sic et Non exposed inconsistencies in Church
    teachings
About PowerShow.com