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Title: Alcohol Author: Melissa Hall Last modified by: mhall Created Date: 2/23/2012 12:14:08 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Alcohol

  • The Facts Served Straight Up

  • Alcoholism Physical Dependency that affects
    persons family, social, or work life
  • Alcohol Abuse Drinking too much without physical
    cravings or withdrawal symptoms
  • Alcohol Poisoning An over dosage of alcohol
  • Binge Drinking Too much, too fast

  • Blackouts Too much alcohol in brain may cause
    gaps in memory that might have happened while
  • BAC Blood Alcohol Concentration is the amount of
    alcohol in a persons blood
  • Intoxication Amt. of alcohol consumes exceeds
    individuals tolerance

  • Tolerance Over a period of time more alcohol is
    needed to achieve the same effect

Binge Drinking Dangers
  • More then 38 millions adults binge drink
    approximately 4 times a month
  • Largest number of binge drinks on average is 8
  • On average binge drinking causes 80,000 deaths in
    the US each year
  • Increases chances of getting hurt or hurting
    others due to car crashes, violence, and suicide.

Can result in the brains control center
closing down, at which point you can slip into a
coma and die
Drinking in Young Adults
  • Research consistently shows that people tend to
    drink the heaviest when they are in their late
    teens and early to mid twenties

Drinking in Young Adults
  • Students at 18-25 are at a higher risk of getting
    involved in problems involving alcohol
  • WHY?
  • They are on their own for the first time
  • Allowed to make their own decisions
  • The roles of the parents weaken

Why are college students at higher risk?
  • Customs and traditions at college encourage
    high-drinking patterns
  • Peer pressure to participate in drinking games
  • College students are a primary target for alcohol
    industry advertising and promotions

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Guidelines for Decision Making
  • Abstinence from alcohol is a safe and acceptable
    decision. ITS OKAY NOT TO DRINK.
  • You can still have a good time without drinking
    at a social event
  • Dont allow yourself to fall prey to peer
    pressure. If you dont want to drink do not feel

Guidelines for Decision Making
  • What if you do decide to drink?
  • Do so safely, legally, and responsibly
  • Set limits for yourself, alternate alcohol and
    nonalcoholic drinks
  • Keep track of how much youve had
  • Never drink and drive OR drive with someone who
    has been drinking

Consequences of Drinking
  • Flunking Courses
  • Unintended or unwanted sexual activity
  • Unwanted Pregnancy
  • Getting an STD
  • Being involved in fights and accidents
  • Engaging in risky behavior
  • Developing a long term drinking habit

Some Sobering Statistics
  • Average students spends about 900 on alcohol
    each year
  • 159,000 of todays first-year college students
    will drop out of school for alcohol related

Some Sobering Statistics
  • One night of heavy drinking can impair your
    ability to think abstractly for up to 30 days
  • Limiting your reading comprehension
  • Your ability to understand what your teacher says
  • Your problem solving abilities

  • 70,000 students re victims of alcohol-related
    date rape or sexual assaults

What Happens when you Drink
  • Alcohol enters your stomach through your small
    intestine where it is absorbs into bloodstream,
    alcohol quickly travels to every organ in the
    body, including the brain
  • The more alcohol the body absorbs the higher the
    BAC- the drunker the person gets

  • .02- alcohol immediately slows the nervous
    system and reaction time is impaired to some
    extent. You become more relaxed
  • .04- Reaction time continues to slow. A buzz
    develops. Relaxation deepens.
  • .055-.06- Good feelings get less positive and
    negative feelings more negative. Brains ability
    to process information and make judgments is
    greatly impaired

  • .08- Legally Drunk. Decrease in motor
    coordination. May feel nauseous or throw up
  • .10- A clear breakdown in judgment and motor
    coordination, visibly sloppy
  • .15-.25- Blackouts
  • .25-.35- Can pass out. Risk of Death
  • .40-.45- Lethal dose for most

Factors that Influence BAC
  • Gender
  • Body Weight
  • Alcohol Content in Drinks
  • How Much you Drink
  • Food Intake
  • Age
  • Mood

  • Alcohol is a sexual stimulant
  • Alcohol actually decreases your ability to
    function sexually
  • You may be less inhibited, but are less likely to
    be able to follow through

  • One or two drinks has not noticeable effect on a
    persons behavior and/or judgment
  • Behavior and judgment changes with the first

  • You can sober up faster with food or coffee
  • It takes your liver one hour to burn off about
    .016 of your BAC
  • As a rule it will take a 150lb male one hour to
    metabolize one glass of wine, one shot of liquor,
    or one bottle of beer

Health Problems
  • Alcoholism
  • Cancers Esophagus, mouth, throat, larynx,
    increase in colon and rectal cancer
  • Heart Damage High BP, cardiomyopathy, high
  • Liver Damage
  • Stomach Problems

How to Protect Yourself
  • Limit the amt you drink, sip slowly
  • A heavy meal may slow alcohol absorption
  • Avoid salty foods
  • Drink diluted drinks, not straight shots
  • Avoid carbonated mixers or sparkling wines as
    they speed the alcohol in your bloodstream
  • Avoid Spiked Drinks

  • Car crashes are the leading cause of death among
    people ages 15 to 20. About 1,900 people under 21
    die every year from car crashes involving
    underage drinking.
  • Young people are more susceptible to
    alcohol-induced impairment of their driving
    skills. Drinking drivers aged 16 to 20 are twice
    as likely to be involved in a fatal crash as
    drinking drivers who are 21 or older.

Alcohol Poisoning
  • Immediately call 911
  • Signs include
  • mental confusion, unable to wake them
  • Vomiting while asleep
  • Seizures
  • Slow Breathing
  • Irregular Breathing
  • Hypothermia

Alcohol Poisoning
  • Keep person warm and turn them on their side to
    prevent them from choking on their vomit