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Alcohol

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Title: Alcohol Author: Melissa Hall Last modified by: mhall Created Date: 2/23/2012 12:14:08 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Alcohol


1
Alcohol
  • The Facts Served Straight Up

2
Definitions
  • Alcoholism Physical Dependency that affects
    persons family, social, or work life
  • Alcohol Abuse Drinking too much without physical
    cravings or withdrawal symptoms
  • Alcohol Poisoning An over dosage of alcohol
  • Binge Drinking Too much, too fast

3
Definitions
  • Blackouts Too much alcohol in brain may cause
    gaps in memory that might have happened while
    drinking
  • BAC Blood Alcohol Concentration is the amount of
    alcohol in a persons blood
  • Intoxication Amt. of alcohol consumes exceeds
    individuals tolerance

4
Definitions
  • Tolerance Over a period of time more alcohol is
    needed to achieve the same effect

5
Binge Drinking Dangers
  • More then 38 millions adults binge drink
    approximately 4 times a month
  • Largest number of binge drinks on average is 8
  • On average binge drinking causes 80,000 deaths in
    the US each year
  • Increases chances of getting hurt or hurting
    others due to car crashes, violence, and suicide.

6
Can result in the brains control center
closing down, at which point you can slip into a
coma and die
7
Drinking in Young Adults
  • Research consistently shows that people tend to
    drink the heaviest when they are in their late
    teens and early to mid twenties

8
Drinking in Young Adults
  • Students at 18-25 are at a higher risk of getting
    involved in problems involving alcohol
  • WHY?
  • They are on their own for the first time
  • Allowed to make their own decisions
  • The roles of the parents weaken

9
Why are college students at higher risk?
  • Customs and traditions at college encourage
    high-drinking patterns
  • Peer pressure to participate in drinking games
  • College students are a primary target for alcohol
    industry advertising and promotions

10
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vgDMchMD9kyg

11
Guidelines for Decision Making
  • Abstinence from alcohol is a safe and acceptable
    decision. ITS OKAY NOT TO DRINK.
  • You can still have a good time without drinking
    at a social event
  • Dont allow yourself to fall prey to peer
    pressure. If you dont want to drink do not feel
    embarrassed.

12
Guidelines for Decision Making
  • What if you do decide to drink?
  • Do so safely, legally, and responsibly
  • Set limits for yourself, alternate alcohol and
    nonalcoholic drinks
  • Keep track of how much youve had
  • Never drink and drive OR drive with someone who
    has been drinking

13
Consequences of Drinking
  • Flunking Courses
  • Unintended or unwanted sexual activity
  • Unwanted Pregnancy
  • Getting an STD
  • Being involved in fights and accidents
  • Engaging in risky behavior
  • Developing a long term drinking habit

14
Some Sobering Statistics
  • Average students spends about 900 on alcohol
    each year
  • 159,000 of todays first-year college students
    will drop out of school for alcohol related
    reasons

15
Some Sobering Statistics
  • One night of heavy drinking can impair your
    ability to think abstractly for up to 30 days
  • Limiting your reading comprehension
  • Your ability to understand what your teacher says
  • Your problem solving abilities

16
Statistics
  • 70,000 students re victims of alcohol-related
    date rape or sexual assaults

17
What Happens when you Drink
  • Alcohol enters your stomach through your small
    intestine where it is absorbs into bloodstream,
    alcohol quickly travels to every organ in the
    body, including the brain
  • The more alcohol the body absorbs the higher the
    BAC- the drunker the person gets

18
BAC
  • .02- alcohol immediately slows the nervous
    system and reaction time is impaired to some
    extent. You become more relaxed
  • .04- Reaction time continues to slow. A buzz
    develops. Relaxation deepens.
  • .055-.06- Good feelings get less positive and
    negative feelings more negative. Brains ability
    to process information and make judgments is
    greatly impaired

19
  • .08- Legally Drunk. Decrease in motor
    coordination. May feel nauseous or throw up
  • .10- A clear breakdown in judgment and motor
    coordination, visibly sloppy
  • .15-.25- Blackouts
  • .25-.35- Can pass out. Risk of Death
  • .40-.45- Lethal dose for most

20
Factors that Influence BAC
  • Gender
  • Body Weight
  • Alcohol Content in Drinks
  • How Much you Drink
  • Food Intake
  • Age
  • Mood

21
Myths
  • Alcohol is a sexual stimulant
  • Alcohol actually decreases your ability to
    function sexually
  • You may be less inhibited, but are less likely to
    be able to follow through

22
  • One or two drinks has not noticeable effect on a
    persons behavior and/or judgment
  • Behavior and judgment changes with the first
    drink

23
  • You can sober up faster with food or coffee
  • It takes your liver one hour to burn off about
    .016 of your BAC
  • As a rule it will take a 150lb male one hour to
    metabolize one glass of wine, one shot of liquor,
    or one bottle of beer

24
Health Problems
  • Alcoholism
  • Cancers Esophagus, mouth, throat, larynx,
    increase in colon and rectal cancer
  • Heart Damage High BP, cardiomyopathy, high
    triglycerides
  • Liver Damage
  • Stomach Problems

25
How to Protect Yourself
  • Limit the amt you drink, sip slowly
  • A heavy meal may slow alcohol absorption
  • Avoid salty foods
  • Drink diluted drinks, not straight shots
  • Avoid carbonated mixers or sparkling wines as
    they speed the alcohol in your bloodstream
  • Avoid Spiked Drinks

26
  • Car crashes are the leading cause of death among
    people ages 15 to 20. About 1,900 people under 21
    die every year from car crashes involving
    underage drinking.
  • Young people are more susceptible to
    alcohol-induced impairment of their driving
    skills. Drinking drivers aged 16 to 20 are twice
    as likely to be involved in a fatal crash as
    drinking drivers who are 21 or older.

27
Alcohol Poisoning
  • Immediately call 911
  • Signs include
  • mental confusion, unable to wake them
  • Vomiting while asleep
  • Seizures
  • Slow Breathing
  • Irregular Breathing
  • Hypothermia

28
Alcohol Poisoning
  • Keep person warm and turn them on their side to
    prevent them from choking on their vomit
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