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Self-Directed Learning

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Self-Directed Learning in Medical Curriculum Outline SDL? 10 Myths Teacher s Roles SDL Tools & Techniques Learning Contract SDL? : Terms Confusion Self-Directed ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Self-Directed Learning


1
Self-Directed Learning
  • in Medical Curriculum

2
Outline
  • SDL?
  • 10 Myths
  • Teachers Roles
  • SDL Tools Techniques
  • Learning Contract

3
SDL? Terms Confusion
  • Self-Directed Learning
  • instructional method
  • Learner Self-Direction
  • a set of personality characteristics
  • Self-Direction in Learning
  • umbrella concept

4
SDL ? Knowles, 1975
  • a process in which individuals take the
    initiative, with or without the help of others,
    to...
  • diagnose their learning needs,
  • formulate learning goals,
  • identify resources for learning,
  • select and implement learning strategies, and
  • evaluate learning outcomes.

5
SDL ? Mocker Spear, 1982
Means of Learning Means of Learning
Institutions Control Learners Control
Learning Objectives Institutions Control Formal Learning Informal Learning
Learning Objectives Learners Control Non-Formal Learning Self-Directed Learning
6
SDL ? Hiemstra R 1994
  • any study forms in which individuals have primary
    responsibility for planning, implementing, and
    even evaluating the effort

7
SDL VS Thai Law
  • ?. 7 ???????????????????????... ???????????????
    ?????????????????????????? ??????
    ??????????????????????????????????
  • ?. 15 (3) ??????????????????? ????????????????????
    ????????????????????????????????????? ???????
    ????????????????? ???????????????? ??????????
    ????? ??????????? ???? ?????????????????????

8
SDL VS Thai Law
  • ?.22 ?????????????????????????????????????????????
    ????????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????????????????????
    ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ????????????????????????????????

9
SDL VS Thai Law
  • ?.24 ??????????????????????? ?????????????????????
    ???????????????????????????????????
  • (1) ??????????????????????????????????????????
    ?????????????????????????? ???????????????????????
    ???????????...
  • (3) ?????????????????????...
    ???????????????????????????...

10
10 SDL Myths
  • misconceptions
  • belief
  • confusion
  • ? SDL 1

11
Myth 1
  • Myth Self-Directedness Is an All or Nothing
    Concept
  • to correct it
  • continuum not dichotomous
  • learners
  • learning experience
  • curriculum (? APP3)

12
Myth 2
  • Myth Self-Direction Implies Learning in
    Isolation
  • to correct it
  • not necessary
  • isolation small/large group
  • competition VS cooperation

13
Myth 3
  • Myth Self-Direction Is Just Another Adult
    Education Fad
  • to correct it
  • long Hx
  • strengthened gt 2 decades
  • maybe new terms, but still same concept

14
Myth 4
  • Myth Self-Direction Is Not Worth the Time
    Required to Make It Work
  • to correct it
  • logical
  • self-direction skill
  • maintain own learning
  • self-concept
  • future research

15
Myth 5
  • Myth Self-Directed Learning Activities Are
    Limited Primarily to Reading and Writing
  • to correct it
  • interview
  • discussion
  • agency visitation
  • study tour
  • practicum
  • on-line community

16
Myth 6
  • Myth Facilitating Self-Direction Is an Easy Way
    Out for Teachers
  • to correct it
  • negotiation
  • exchange of views
  • securing needed resources
  • validation of outcomes
  • learning partnership

17
Myth 7
  • Myth Self-Directed Learning Is Limited Primarily
    to Those Settings Where Freedom and Democracy
    Prevail
  • to correct it
  • not totally true

18
Myth 8
  • Myth Self-Direction in Learning Is Limited
    Primarily to Write, Middle-Class Adults
  • to correct it
  • for adults, not the skin color

19
Myth 9
  • Myth Self-Directed Learning Will Erode the
    Quality of Institutional Programs
  • to correct it
  • when the trust is given, the vast majority of
    learners will work to their maximum and seek out
    high quality learning experience

20
Myth 10
  • Myth Self-Directed Learning Is the Best Approach
    for Adults
  • to correct it
  • nothing 100

21
Teachers Roles
  • ? SDL2 p2
  • ? SDL4 p1
  • ? SDL5 p4
  • home.twcny.rr.com/hiemstra/sdltools.html

22
Teachers Roles
  • provide information on certain topics
  • resource person
  • assist learners to assess their needs and
    competencies
  • provide feedback on successive draft of learning
    plan

23
Teachers Roles
  • locate and secure resource
  • build a resource collection
  • set up special learning experience
  • work as a stimulator
  • foster independency

24
Teachers Roles
  • promote discussion small group activities
  • help develop attitude towards SDL
  • manage the SDL process
  • serve as validator or evaluator

25
Teachers Roles
  • teach learner how to SDL
  • recognition reward for SDL
  • help learner develop IT skill
  • use technology

26
Teachers Roles
  • from information provider
  • to learning experience manager
  • from learned content concern
  • to learning process concern
  • from teacher student
  • to partnership

27
SDL Tools Techniques
  • planning tools
  • individual study techniques
  • personal reflection tool
  • individual skill development
  • group study techniques
  • using the educative community

28
Planning Tools
  • self diagnostic form
  • self-analysis as a learner
  • competencies for performing life roles (? APP4)
  • SDL skills
  • competencies for carrying out SDL projects
  • Learning Style
  • etc

29
Planning Tools
  • Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale (SDLRS)
  • Self-Directed Learning Perception Scale (SDLPC)
  • self-rating on self-directed learning competencies

30
Planning Tools
  • self-assessment exercise
  • analyzing thinking skill
  • determining learning style
  • teaching style
  • change style
  • Gantt chart

31
Study Techniques
  • mind/concept mapping
  • probes in learning
  • vee diagramming / vee heuristic technique
  • how to read a journal / magazine
  • learning from TV /radio

32
Study Techniques
  • exercising
  • self-education/university
  • preferred learning envir.
  • relaxation training
  • memory enhancement techniques
  • learning with computer
  • etc

33
Reflection Tools
  • book / article / media / review techniques
  • interactive reading log
  • media log
  • journal / diary writing
  • persona philosophy statement
  • etc

34
Skill Development
  • port folio development
  • improving writing
  • improving discussing skill
  • enhancing questioning skill
  • etc

35
Group Study Techniques
  • a study group activity
  • debates
  • discussion group
  • study circle
  • quality circle

36
Educative Community
  • community study
  • resource person
  • obtaining feedback
  • agency visit
  • mini-internship
  • interviewing
  • etc

37
Learning Contract
  • Written Document
  • Objectives
  • Resources
  • Date of Completion
  • Evidence
  • Evaluation

38
Conclusion
  • SDL?
  • 10 Myths
  • Teachers Roles
  • SDL Tools Techniques
  • Learning Contract
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