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?????????? Edible insects

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Title: ?????????? Edible insects


1
??????????Edible insects
2

3
???????? 1 ????????????????????????????????
???????? Order ????? Species
Coleoptera 344
Hymenoptera 313
Lepidoptera 235
Orthoptera 209
Hemiptera 92
Isoptera 39
Blattodea 30
Odonata 20
Ephemeroptera 7
Mecoptera 4
Phthiraptera 3
Diptera 3
?????????? Ramos-Elorduy (1998)
4
???????? 2 ?????????????????????????????
Continent of species recorded of total of entomophagous countries of total
Africa 527 36.0 36 31.9
America 573 39.2 23 20.1
Asia 249 17.0 29 25.7
Australia 86 5.9 14 12.5
Europe 27 1.9 11 9.7
Total 1,462 (some occur on gt1 continent) 100.0 113 100.0
????? Ramos-Elorduy (1998)
5
???????? 3 ??????????????????? 100
???????????????????????????????????
???????? ???????? ??????????
??????? 121calories 288.2 calories
?????? 12.90 gm protein 23.50 gm
????? 5.50 gm of fat 21.20 gm of fat
???????? 75.80 mg -
???????? 185.30 mg -
????? 9.50 mg -
B1 (thiamin) 0.36 mg -
B2 (riboflavin) 1.09 mg -
??????? 3.10 mg -
???????????? 5.10 gm -
????? ??. ????? ????????? (???, ?????????
??????? ??????? ??????, ???.)
6
?????????????????????????????????????????????????
??????????????????????????? ??????????????????????
?????????????????????????????? ???????????????????
??????????????????????????????????????????????????
??????????????????? ????????????????????????????
????????
7
 ???????????????????????????????????
8
???????
??????????????????
  • 1. ????????
  • 2. ????????????

?????????????
???
9
??????
?????????????? ????????????? ???????
  • ???????
  • ??????????
  • ?????

June beetle
??????
10
?????? 2. inago ????? http//www.chinjuh.mydns.j
p/hakutu/kuirejo/inago01e.jpg
?????? 1. zaza mushi ????? http//www.zazamushi
.com/zaza/images/zaza2./JPG
?????? 3. June beetles ????? http//www.ivyhall.
district96.k12.il.us/4th/kkhp/1insects/junebeetle.
html
11
??????????




?????? 4. ????? Oecophylla ?????
http//frc.forest.ku.ac.th/GAME/project4/envi/clim
atic/126.jpg
?????? 5. Bogong ????? http//www.abc.net.au/re
slib/200704/r138765_474467.jpg
12
?????????? (???)

?????? 6. ??????? witchety ?????
http//www.travel-images.com/view.shtml?australia2
39.jpg
?????? 7. ?? honey pot ????? http//lis.epfl.ch/
research/projects/EvoAnts/
13
???????

?????? 8. ?????????? ????? http//www.baanjomyu
t.com/library/calendar/wonderful_world/02.jpg
????????
?????? 9. Cirina forda westwood larva ?????
http//www.eat-online.net/english/education/insect
_snacks.htm
14
??????????

?????? 10. ????????? ??????? (Hormigas culonas)
????? http//img249.imageshack.us/img249/2245/p
1030181br8.jpg
?????? 11. ???????????? (Atta cephalotes) ?????
http//bio.kuleuven.be/ento/photo_gallery.htm
15
?????????? ( ???)

?????????
?????? 12. ????????? (Scarabaeidae
Cyclocephala) ????? http//www.fsca-dpi.org/Flo
ridaInsectGallery/images/maskedchafer.jpg
?????? 13. Lemon ants ????? http//bugguide.net
/node/view/35553/bgpage
16
  • ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ???????????????????????

17
???????? 4 ?????????????????  ????????????????????
??????????????????????????????????? 100  ????
???? Chol() (mg) Fat (g) SFA MUFA PUFA
???? Chol() (mg) Fat (g) ( fatty  acid) ( fatty  acid) ( fatty  acid)
????????? ND 12.0 35.02 32.34 29.56
???????? 105 6.0 36.45 30.12 31.14
????????? ND 8.3 70.36 19.81 9.35
??????????????? 66 4.7 31.06 28.75 39.32
????????????? ND 6.8 45.98 40.39 12.64
????????? 56 1.8 33.33 30.02 32.36
??????? 97 2.3 28.99 43.30 20.98
?????????? 34 20.4 48.71 46.86 2.86
      Cholesterol ND Not
Detected ????? ??????  ?????? ( ???.)
18
???????????????????????????????????????
  • ??????? ??????????????????????????
  •   Phaneropsolus bonei ??? Prosthodendium molenk
    ampi
  • ?????????????????? ?????????????????????Gongyl
    onema,  Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus pallas
    ??? Raillientin cesticillus 

19
???????????????????????????????????????(???)
  • ????????? ??????????????? 
  • ??????????? Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus 
  • ???????? ?????????????????????????? Physalopter
    a caucasica Linstow  

20
??????????????????????????????????
  • ????????????????????????????????????????
  • ??????????????????????????????????
  • ?????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ????????
  • ?????
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  • ??? ?? ?? ???? ???????????????
    ?????????????????????
  • ??????
  • ?????????????????????????????????????

21
???????? 5 ??????????????????? ???????????????????
??
?????????? ????????????? ????????????? ?????? ??????
?????????? ?? ????????????? ?? ?????????????
???????? 0 0 0 0
?????? 0 0 0 0
?????????? 0.541 0.19 trace trace
??????????? 0 0 0 0
??????????? 0.211 0.124 trace trace
?????????????? 0.137 0.124 trace trace
???????????? 0 0 0 0
??????????? 0.075 0.032 0 0
????????????? 0 0 0 0
?????????? 0.302 0.174 0 0
?????? 0.361 0.196 0 0
0 ???????????? Trace ???????? 0.3
ppm. ????? ???? ???????? ?????? (2528)
22
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    ???????????????????????

23
  • ???
  • ???????????????? ?????????? 4740242
  • ????????????????
  • ??.??.?????? ???????

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