An Introduction to Evidence-based Design Accreditation and Certification - EDAC - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

An Introduction to Evidence-based Design Accreditation and Certification - EDAC

Description:

An Introduction to Evidence-based Design Accreditation and Certification - EDAC Now, to give you an idea of what the exam is like, I m going to go over some sample ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:276
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 35
Provided by: PamelaC154
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: An Introduction to Evidence-based Design Accreditation and Certification - EDAC


1
An Introduction to Evidence-based Design
Accreditation and Certification - EDAC
2
EVIDENCE-BASED DESIGN
BEST POSSIBLE OUTCOMES
3
Evidence-based Design (EBD) History and Background
4
EBD Process
  • Listed in SG1, pg. 27-28

5
Can design really affect outcomes?
6
Key Differences Between EBD and Typical Project
Delivery
  • Addresses Healthcare Trends/Challenges
  • Develops design strategies targeted at improving
    clinical, environmental and safety outcomes.
  • SG1, pg. 7-22, 29, 76-77
  • Research is Used
  • EBD uses relevant evidence to educate the project
    team and guide the development of design
    strategies. The integration of these strategies
    is linked to achieving outcomes.
  • New Research is Created
  • Conducting post-occupancy evaluation research to
    create new evidence and report the results.

7
The Two Bottom Lines for CEOs
  1. First Time Capital Costs
  2. Operating Costs

8
The Business Case Return on Investment
1
Source Zofia Rybkowski, PhD Candidate, UC
Berkeley, Engineering and Project Management,
Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering.
9
Over 1,200 studies demonstrate the importance
of evidence-based
design
10
About EDAC The Exam
11
EDAC Mission and Vision
  • Mission To develop a community of certified
    industry professionals through education and
    assessment of an evidence-based design process.
  • Vision A world where all healthcare
    environments are created using an evidence-based
    design process.
  • EDAC was created to
  • Provide a definition of EBD and define a standard
    process for implementing EBD
  • Establish expectations for individuals who are or
    will be using an EBD process
  • Institutionalize EBD as an accepted and credible
    approach to improving healthcare outcomes

12
Exam Structure
  • All 110-items on the exam are built using stems,
    keys, and distracters.
  • Stems This is the statement or questions to
    which a candidate responds. This must be read
    very carefully to avoid answer choices based on a
    misread stem.
  • Keys This is the most appropriate choice of all
    the possible responses.
  • Distracters These are the additional three
    responses available to a candidate. They do not
    need to be entirely incorrect to make them the
    wrong choices. However, they are NOT the most
    appropriate choice.

13
Types of Exam Questions
ANALYSIS
RECALL
  • requires candidates to draw from memorized facts,
    so the correct response was previously learned
  • does not have correct answers that vary with the
    situation
  • characteristics the question or statement is
    short with one variable.
  • requires information synthesis, problem solving,
    and selection of the best response
  • has correct answers that vary based upon the
    situation
  • candidates act on a problem and identify clues in
    the question or statement
  • characteristics the longest question/statement.
    Asks candidates to select the best answer.
    Requires careful reading to establish the
    relationship between variables in the question
    and the answer.

14
Exam Outline
  • Test questions were developed based upon the exam
    content outline. The examination was developed by
    a group of volunteers with the facilitation and
    guidance of psychometricians.
  • The outline provides
  • The framework and outline for the three study
    guides
  • Summary of everything that could possibly be on
    the exam
  • The exam content outline can be downloaded from
    www.healthdesign.org/edac

15
Exam Outline
  • Five Focus Areas
  • EBD for Healthcare
  • Research
  • Pre-Design
  • Design
  • Construction Occupancy

16
Preparing for the Exam
  • Read all three study guides to
  • Gain an overview about the healthcare industry
  • Understand the trends and challenges that impact
    healthcare construction
  • Learn information about conducting research
  • Contextualize the environment in which
    evidence-based design is practiced

17
Other Resources
18
Benefits of EDAC Certification
  • EDAC certification is for anyone interested in
    formalizing their knowledge of the EBD process.
    The credential provides
  • Public recognition of your EBD expertise
  • Increased value with employers and clients
  • Ability to share a common language with project
    team members
  • Credibility when justifying expenditures
    associated with design decisions and innovations
  • Access to ongoing professional learning tools and
    newsletters
  • Access to the a community of like-minded
    individuals

19
How EDAC is Different Than Other Credentials
  • EDAC is complementary to other design industry
    credentials and provides added expertise to
    strengthen an individuals knowledge. It is for
    anyone who is a member of a project team
    designing a new hospital, ambulatory center, or
    renovating an existing building. The EDAC
    program
  • Focuses on achieving improvement and outcomes in
    all three areas of safety (patient, staff and
    environment)
  • Does not have pre-requisites or licensure
    requirements
  • Tests your knowledge of the EBD process, not
    specific research
  • Credential recognized across the U.S. and
    internationally

20
Sample EDAC Exam Questions
21
Sample Question
  • RECALL Central to making the business case for
    physical design innovations, what will need to be
    balanced against ongoing operating savings and
    revenue enhancements?
  • a. patient outcomes
  • b. one-time construction costs
  • c. longer design and construction timelines
  • d. project vision and mission

22
Sample Question - Answer
  • RECALL Central to making the business case for
    physical design innovations, what will need to be
    balanced against ongoing operating savings and
    revenue enhancements?
  • a. patient outcomes
  • b. one-time construction costs
  • c. longer design and construction timelines
  • d. project vision and mission

23
Sample Question
  • APPLICATION A project team is designing a brand
    new childrens hospice. Before starting the
    design, the team employed a researcher who
    conducted a study in three of the citys existing
    hospices using the following tools surveys
    in-depth interviews focus groups. Which of the
    following best describes the research methodology
    used?
  • a. applied research
  • b. mixed methods
  • c. quantitative
  • d. qualitative

24
Sample Question - Answer
  • APPLICATION A project team is designing a brand
    new childrens hospice. Before starting the
    design, the team employed a researcher who
    conducted a study in three of the citys existing
    hospices using the following tools surveys
    in-depth interviews focus groups. Which of the
    following best describes the research methodology
    used?
  • a. applied research
  • b. mixed methods
  • c. quantitative
  • d. qualitative

25
Sample Question
  • ANALYSIS A summary of EBD research in an
    architectural magazine indicates that
    carpeting is associated with a reduction in
    patient falls and decreased workplace injuries
    while nursing floor layout is associated with a
    reduction in patient falls and increased staff
    satisfaction. Given a limited budget, what
    should the organization do FIRST to determine
    where to invest its limited resources?
  • Select the design feature that is most in line
    with the EBD vision.
  • Check the hospital statistics to see which of the
    two design features will result in a greater
    reduction in operating costs.
  • Choose the design feature that is of most
    interest to the core design team.
  • Conduct a critical review of the existing
    research before making any decisions.

26
Sample Question - Answer
  • ANALYSIS A summary of EBD research in an
    architectural magazine indicates that
    carpeting is associated with a reduction in
    patient falls and decreased workplace injuries
    while nursing floor layout is associated with a
    reduction in patient falls and increased staff
    satisfaction. Given a limited budget, what
    should the organization do FIRST to determine
    where to invest its limited resources?
  • Select the design feature that is most in line
    with the EBD vision.
  • Check the hospital statistics to see which of the
    two design features will result in a greater
    reduction in operating costs.
  • Choose the design feature that is of most
    interest to the core design team.
  • Conduct a critical review of the existing
    research before making any decisions.

27
Sample Question
  • ANALYSIS One of the members of the
    interdisciplinary project team, an experienced
    nurse, brought in a research report from a
    peer-reviewed journal that indicated that the
    efficiency of care provided by the nursing staff
    is influenced by the layout of patient rooms.
    This team member argued that the bulk of the EBD
    budget be spent on this design feature. The team
    MUST
  • Allocate the bulk of the budget to patient room
    redesign, based on this evidence.
  • Validate the research by finding hospitals that
    have shown an increase in staff efficiency based
    upon layout of patient rooms.
  • Find evidence to support a wider range of EBD
    features before deciding how the budget should be
    allocated.
  • Ignore the recommendation because the report
    lacks rigor.

28
Sample Question - Answer
  • ANALYSIS One of the members of the
    interdisciplinary project team, an experienced
    nurse, brought in a research report from a
    peer-reviewed journal that indicated that the
    efficiency of care provided by the nursing staff
    is influenced by the layout of patient rooms.
    This team member argued that the bulk of the EBD
    budget be spent on this design feature. The team
    MUST
  • Allocate the bulk of the budget to patient room
    redesign, based on this evidence.
  • Validate the research by finding hospitals that
    have shown an increase in staff efficiency based
    upon layout of patient rooms.
  • Find evidence to support a wider range of EBD
    features before deciding how the budget should be
    allocated.
  • Ignore the recommendation because the report
    lacks rigor.

29
Sample Question
  • ANALYSIS A hospital-based project team wants to
    make sure that the observation instrument they
    developed has a high degree of reliability. They
    should
  • Test it in a variety of settings both within and
    outside the hospital.
  • Have several researchers use it within a
    specified timeframe and place with the same
    subjects and see if similar results are achieved.
  • Ask an experienced researcher to validate that
    the instrument is measuring what it is supposed
    to measure.
  • d) Collect opinions on the instrument from
    within the design team.

30
Sample Question - Answer
  • ANALYSIS A hospital-based project team wants to
    make sure that the observation instrument they
    developed has a high degree of reliability. They
    should
  • Test it in a variety of settings both within and
    outside the hospital.
  • Have several researchers use it within a
    specified timeframe and place with the same
    subjects and see if similar results are achieved.
  • Ask an experienced researcher to validate that
    the instrument is measuring what it is supposed
    to measure.
  • Collect opinions on the instrument from within
    the design team.

31
Sample Question
  • ANALYSIS A research study on the impact of
    nature views on gallbladder surgery patients
    showed that nature had the restorative effect
    that was hypothesized. The study was conducted in
    a hospital, and designed so that patients were
    randomly assigned to a room with a view of
    nature or no view of nature, and all possible
    confounding variables were controlled. The study
    design was
  • Experimental
  • Quasi-experimental
  • Correlational
  • Case Study

32
Sample Question - Answer
  • ANALYSIS A research study on the impact of
    nature views on gallbladder surgery patients
    showed that nature had the restorative effect
    that was hypothesized. The study was conducted in
    a hospital, and designed so that patients were
    randomly assigned to a room with a view of
    nature or no view of nature, and all possible
    confounding variables were controlled. The study
    design was
  • Experimental
  • Quasi-experimental
  • Correlational
  • Case Study

33
Get the EDAC Credential
  • Apply for the exam
  • Download the candidate handbook
  • Read the study guides
  • Review the exam content outline
  • Participate in a study session
  • Take the sample exam
  • Visit www.healthdesign.org/edac for more
    information.

34
Contact Information
  • Catherine Ancheta
  • The Center for Health Design
  • 925.521.9404, ext. 122
  • cancheta_at_healthdesign.org
About PowerShow.com