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BOWEL AND URINE ELIMINATION

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BOWEL AND URINE ELIMINATION Part 1 Urine Elimination KEY TERMS (Urine) Anuria Dysuria Enuresis Frequency Hesitancy Incontinence Nocturia Anatomy of the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BOWEL AND URINE ELIMINATION


1
BOWEL AND URINE ELIMINATION
  • Part 1
  • Urine Elimination

2
KEY TERMS (Urine)
  • Anuria
  • Dysuria
  • Enuresis
  • Frequency
  • Hesitancy
  • Incontinence
  • Nocturia

3
Anatomy of the Urinary System
  • Kidneys
  • Bladder
  • Ureters
  • Urethra
  • Act of micturition

4
Physiology of the Urinary System
  • Function
  • KIDNEYS
  • URETERS
  • BLADDER
  • URETHRA
  • ACT OF MICTURITION

5
Factors Influencing Urinary Elimination
  • Developmental Considerations
  • Food and Fluid
  • Life Style
  • Psychological Variables
  • Activity and Muscle Tone
  • Pathologic Conditions
  • Medications

6
Assessment Data (Urinary Elimination)
  • Subjective data
  • Objective data
  • Diagnostic data

7
URINE SPECIMENS (TYPES)
  • ROUTINE URINALYSIS
  • CLEAN CATCH MID-STREAM
  • TIMED
  • CATHETERIZED

8
BOWEL ELIMINATION
  • Key Terms

9
KEY TERMS (BOWEL ELIMINATION)
  • BOWEL MOVEMENT (BM)
  • CONSTIPATION
  • DIARRHEA
  • ENEMA
  • FECES
  • FLATULENCE

10
BOWEL ELIMINATION (key terms cont)
  • Flatus
  • Impaction (fecal)
  • Incontinence (fecal)
  • Occult blood
  • Peristalsis
  • Stool

11
Factors influencing bowel elimination (cont)
12
ANATOMY PHYSIOLOGY OF BOWEL ELIMINATION
13
Anatomy of bowel elimination
  • Mouth
  • Esophagus
  • Stomach
  • Small intestine
  • large intestine

14
Large Intestine
  • Function
  • Innervation
  • Peristalsis
  • The normal urge
  • Defecation

15
Factors Influence Bowel Elimination
  • Usual patterns
  • Food/fluid intake
  • Activity level/muscle tone
  • Life-style
  • Psychological variables
  • Pathological conditions
  • Medications

16
Factors influencing bowel elimination (cont)
  • Diagnostic tests
  • Surgery/anesthesia
  • Irritants
  • pain

17
Assessing bowel elimination need
  • Subjective data
  • Objective data
  • Diagnostic studies
  • Radiographic studies

18
CLIENT TEACHING NEEDS R/T BOWEL ELIMINATION
  • Use of cathartics, laxatives
  • Perceived constipation
  • Toilet training (rediness)
  • Need for enemas
  • Hygiene
  • Ostomies (ostomy care)
  • Bowel and bladder training

19
Nursing interventions to relieve flatulence
  • Diet
  • Activity
  • Rectal tube

20
Drugs affecting bowel elimination
  • Absorbents
  • Anticholinergics and opiates
  • Antibiotics
  • Antidiarrheals

21
Cathartics and laxatives
  • Physiological action
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