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Evaluate basic Kitchen design and functions

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Select a kitchen layout and place it in a kitchen no bigger than 20 x 20. Make the walls 1/8 thick and use correct symbols for appliances and identification. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Evaluate basic Kitchen design and functions


1
Evaluate basic Kitchen design and functions
With transition on the horizon, color experts
have identified a need for optimism as yellow
emerges as a popular color choice in 2009.
http//www.kitchens.com/slideshows/color-trends-09
/shades-of-optimism-1.aspx
2
Before planning considerIt is not about the
size, but efficiency of the space.
  • Will elaborate or simple meals be planned in the
    kitchen?
  • For how many people will food be prepared?
  • How much entertaining will be done in the
    kitchen?
  • How many cooks will be in the kitchen at once
  • Should the kitchen accommodate physical
    limitations?
  • How many appliances will be stored
  • Will the kitchen be used for eating as will as
    preparation?
  • What other activities will be carried out in this
    space
  • Homework, family games, office work (computers)

3
A. Kitchen Work Centers
  • Built around a major appliance or fixture and
    include both counter and storage.
  • Specific measurements for space

4
Food Storage Center
  • Refrigerator is the focus
  • 18 of counter space on the latch side for
    loading and unloading food.
  • Dont place refrigerator next to range or oven it
    will cause the refrigerator to overwork.
  • Includes the pantry
  • Cabinets
  • Ie storing spices in the cabinet next to the
    range

5
Food Preparation/Mixing Center
  • Located between refrigerator and sink or the sink
    and the range.
  • Store mixing bowls and utensils for mixing,
    cutting, measuring
  • Small appliances like mixers and blenders on the
    counter or in the cabinets
  • Foods used in cooking and baking are close by.
  • Counter space
  • 36 space for a small mixing center

6
Cooking and Serving Center
  • The focus is the range, oven, and microwave oven
  • Small appliances like toaster
  • Cooking utensils like pots and pans, pot holders,
    serving dishes, cooking and serving utensils
  • Counter Space
  • 24 of heat resistant counter space on each side
    of the range

7
Cleanup Center
  • Sink, dishwasher, garbage disposal, garbage
    can/trash compactor
  • Sink is placed no more than 3 from the edge of
    the counter
  • Store dishes, glassware, and silverware near the
    clean up center to put away after they have been
    cleaned
  • Storage space for dish soap, dishcloths, and
    towels
  • Counter space
  • 18-24 to the right of the sink for stacking
    dirty dishes
  • 18-24 to the left of the sink for draining and
    stacking clean dishes.

8
Planning Center
  • Place to plan meals and store cookbooks.
  • Family message board, schedules and calendars, ..
  • A small office area

9
B. Work Triangle kitchens The key to a
kitchens efficiency
  • Imaginary triangle formed by drawing imaginary
    lines from the sink, range and cook top, to the
    refrigerator, and back to the sink
  • Best when sink located between fridge and range
  • Allows tasks to be done quickly and easily.

10
  • Not so small that the kitchen is cramped, but not
    too big that the work centers are inconveniently
    far apart.
  • Ideal Length of each side between 12-22.
  • Smaller work triangles will save steps.
  • Too small triangle makes group work difficult
  • Traffic passing through the kitchen should not
    cross the work triangle.
  • This can Causes spills and accidents

11
KITCHEN LAYOUTS
A
  • One Wall
  • Corridor
  • L-Shaped
  • U-Shaped
  • Island
  • Altered with a freestanding counter
  • Peninsula
  • A counter that extends out with one end
    attached to a wall or cabinet

B
C
D
12
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13
More on Kitchen Layouts
  • Provide adequate working space for more than one
    person
  • Allow enough clearance space for stooping and
    opening cabinet doors and drawers
  • Allow at least 5 of space between opposing
    counters (islands, corridor, u-shaped)
  • Allow space for a chair or stool so that a person
    can sit down to perform tasks

14
More Kitchen Layout planning
  • Outlets spaced approximately 5-6 and never more
    than 10.
  • Lighting
  • Work centers require bright lights
  • Overhead light for general lighting
  • Task lighting for the sink, cooktop, and
    countertop areas
  • Eating area can have softer lighting

15
Cabinets and Countertops size and measurement
  • Base cabinets height 34.5 depth 24
  • Wall cabinets height 12-36 and depth 12
  • Cabinet space for storage 72 per person
  • Hardwood, softwood, laminate,or metal
  • Material, color and finish affects the appearance
  • Light-toned appear spacious
  • Dark-toned appear warm and cozy
  • Counter tops height 1.5 and depth 25
  • Ceramic, wood, laminate, marble, solid surface,
    granite
  • Advantages and disadvantages to materials

16
Typical Kitchen cost
  • Cabinets 40
  • Backgrounds 21
  • Labor 20
  • Appliances 10
  • Countertops 9
  • What could you do on a 12,000 kitchen design
    budget?

17
Making a kitchen floor plan
  • Draw the floor plan to scale
  • Use templates to determine the best locations for
    cabinets and appliances
  • Follow planning guidelines and measurements
  • Are a 9x9 kitchen and a 10x8 kitchen nearly
    the same kitchen?
  • Narrow width of 2nd kitchen restricts traffic and
    space

18
Kitchen Floor Plans
Kitchen plan
kitchen2.pdf
19
Kitchen Assignments
  • Kitchen Design for a Family and Presentation
    Board
  •  Design a kitchen on graph paper for one of the
    families below.
  • Select a kitchen layout and place it in a
    kitchen no bigger than 20 x 20. Make the walls
    1/8 thick and use correct symbols for appliances
    and identification. Mark the work triangle
    within the kitchen. Cut out the design and
    properly mount it with your explanation.
  • Explain the kitchen design and properly mount
    this with your design. Explain the use of storage
    throughout the kitchen.
  • Explain the work triangle and its function,
    lengths of sides, and traffic circulation.
    Explain the use of counter space. Identify the
    work centers efficiency. Explain the use of
    lighting placed throughout the kitchen.
  •  
  • Extra Credit Kitchen Presentation Board
  • Create a presentation board exhibiting the
    elements that you would use in the kitchen
    including 3 magazine pictures depicting items
    found in the kitchen, 3 interior samples that
    show the color(s), textures, patterns, etc.
  • All samples and pictures are to be mounted and
    labeled accurately and neatly (black ink, block
    letters). Include a title. Attach the kitchen
    design and explanation from above on the back of
    this board.

20
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