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The Vikings and Leif Eriksson

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Who were the Vikings? A culture originating in Norway, Denmark and Sweden. The Vikings were fierce conquerors, brave explorers, and skilled craftspeople; ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Vikings and Leif Eriksson


1
The Vikings and Leif Eriksson
  • Pgs. 119-120, Wb. 15

2
Who were the Vikings?
  • A culture originating in Norway, Denmark and
    Sweden.
  • The Vikings were fierce conquerors, brave
    explorers, and skilled craftspeople they invaded
    and settled countries throughout Western Europe.
  • They were the first Europeans to discover America
    (in about AD 1000), almost 500 years before
    Columbus.

3
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4
Stories of an Unknown Land
  • For a very long time, people had told stories
    about an unknown land between Europe and Asia.
  • No one knew for sure if stories of a New World
    could be true.
  • These stories began a new era called the Age of
    Exploration.

5
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6
Leif Eriksson 975-1020
  • Leif Eriksson was the son of Eric the Red, who
    started the first European settlement of
    Greenland in 985.
  • He was born in Iceland around 975.
  • Leif was a leader of Viking expeditions and may
    have been the first European to reach North
    America.

7
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8
Two Versions of the Same Story
  • In the year 1000, Leif sailed to Norway, which is
    where his family had originally come from.
  • While he was there, he became a Christian and
    planned to return to Greenland to teach the
    Vikings about Christianity.
  • As Leif sailed back to Greenland, he was blown
    off course and ended up in North America instead
    of Greenland.

9
Two Versions of the Same Story
  • A second story says that another Viking had
    already been to North America.
  • Leif wanted to retrace the route. So he sailed
    to North America, but not by mistake.
  • He landed in a place he called Vinland. This was
    probably part of Canada now called Newfoundland.

10
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12
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13
A Viking Long Ship
  • Viking long ships could travel rough, open seas.
    A long ship could be as long as 75 feet and could
    carry up to 35 people.
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