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Self Rescue

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IMO: EEBD: Emergency Escape Breathing Device. -name appropriate. OPITO BOSIET. smoke hood self rescue exercises. -not appropriate!!!!! Self ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Self Rescue


1
Self Rescue
What do you mean self rescue?
Graham Small
  • International Association for Sea Survival
    Training - May, 2006

2
Self Rescue
  • Trivial oxymoron?
  • or
  • Valuable philosophical
  • construct ?

3
Self Rescue
  • IASST, 1981
  • A speaker stated that she was asked
  • to teach workers how to save themselves should
    they fall into the water.
  • She did not say
  • teach them toself rescue themselves.

4
Self Rescue
  • The Royal Life Saving Society of Canada
  • Swim to Survive Standard.
  • Swim for Life Program.
  • "essential minimum skills required to survive an
    unexpected fall into water.
  • It is not called "swim for self rescue".
  • It does not teach self rescue from an
    unexpected fall into water.

5
Self Rescue
  • Informal Survey
  • What do you think is meant by the phrase self
    rescue?
  • 90 replied What do you mean? You cant rescue
    yourself.
  • 10 simply looked puzzled.

6
Self Rescue
  • What is self rescue?
  • Is the term applicable to marine emergency
    response?

7
Self Rescue
Questions
  • Defining self rescue
  • -Are there distinct activities in emergency
    response, escape, survival and rescue that might
    be labeled "self rescue"?
  • -Will using the term self rescue clarify
    functions and procedures?
  • -Will using the term improve understanding and
    overall performance of emergency response and
    survival?

8
Defining Self Rescue
Rescue
  • Verb
  • 1. saving from danger or destruction, etc.
    succour, deliverance.
  • Noun
  • 2. Law.
  • The forcible taking of a person or goods out of
    legal custody
  • Forcible recovery (by the owner) of goods
    distrained.
  • A person rescued from custody.
  • To say ones does these things oneself is an
    apparent contradiction.

9
Self Rescue -Bounty
  • When Bligh made it back to England after being
    cast adrift
  • Was it survival?
  • Or was it self-rescue?

Internet 060501 http//www.lareau.org/bounty.html

10
Self Rescue Sea Alert
  • 01 November 1995, Labrador.
  • "SEA ALERT" struck a rocky shoal and sank
    rapidly, with the loss of three of the four crew
    members.

11
Self Rescue Sea Alert
  • The lone survivor reached shore by paddling a
    wood-and- Styrofoam raft.
  • TSB report number M95N0053.

12
Self Rescue Sea Alert
  • After two hours of paddling, the survivor.
  • ...Crawled over land-fast ice,
  • ...Reached shore between 1700 and 1730.
  • ...Walked barefoot over hilly rocky terrain until
    about midnight,
  • ...Found a heated shed containing food and water.
  • Found by workers the following morning.
  • TSB report number M95N0053, sec 1.2.

X
X
13
Self Rescue Sea Alert
Did the survivor of Sea Alert escape, survive,
or self-rescue himself from the vessel?
escape, survive, or self-rescue himself from the
water? escape, survive, or self-rescue himself
by staying in the shack?
14
Self Rescue Queen of the North
  • On 22mar06, Queen of the North struck a rock and
    sank
  • Did passengers and crew
  • Escape from the vessel?
  • Or did they self rescue themselves?



15
Self Rescue Kursk
  • -Were they unable to survive?
  • -Or were they unable to self rescue
    themselves?
  • http//www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2000/submarine/

16
Self Rescue - Submarine
  • Nuytco has developed what they call a submarine
    self rescue system.
  • http//www.nuytco.com/research/rescue.shtml.
  • Is this self rescue or escape?


17
Self Rescue General
  • Does "self rescue" occur in an identifiable phase
    of this spectrum?
  • Does self rescue depends on who is doing it.

18
Self Rescue
Origin and use of the phrase?
  • Recreational, sporting, adventure activity
  • Diving
  • How to share air (not self rescue)
  • Mountain climbing
  • Self rescue for impending lighting
  • What to do if a team leader is injured
  • (not self rescue)

19
Self Rescue
Marine and Offshore Comparisons
  • HUEBA Helicopter Underwater Escape Breathing
    Apparatus.
  • -name appropriate.
  • IMO EEBD Emergency Escape Breathing Device.
  • -name appropriate.
  • OPITO BOSIET.
  • smoke hood self rescue exercises.
  • -not appropriate!!!!!!!!!!!!

20
Self Rescue
  • The term "self rescue" needs to be scrutinized
    before it is casually accepted in the lexicon of
    survival and rescue activity and training.

21
Self Rescue
  • Self reliance is a basic part of ocean cruising.
    If you abandon ship and no one comes to your
    rescue, what do you do next?.

22
Self Rescue
  • Will using the term self rescue improve
    understanding and overall performance of
    emergency response, survival, and rescue ?
  • Will the term self rescue clarify functions and
    procedures?
  • Will the term self rescue help to identify
    purpose specific provisions that are not
    currently available?

23
Assisted Self Rescue
When survivors cannot do it all
  • Providing for assisted self rescue
  • Heaving line
  • Lifebuoy
  • Drop Kits

24
Assisted Self Rescue
Drop kits -pumps, medical kits, life rafts
25
Self Rescue Providing for It
  • Personal
  • Group/Mutual
  • Vessel
  • Corporate

26
Self Rescue -Personal
Small Vessel Re-boarding Device
  • Required for all small vessels having a freeboard
    greater than 0.5m

http//www.tc.gc.ca/MarineSafety/TP/TP511/boat.htm
Pl_craft_greater_12m
http//www.tc.gc.ca/acts- regulations/GENERAL/C/CS
A/regulations/070/csa076/csa76.html
http//www.geocities.com/roo_two/ladder.html
27
Small Vessel Self Rescue
  • Ladder storage

28
Small Vessel Self Rescue
  • Reaching from water

29
Small Vessel Self Rescue
  • Pulling out ladder

30
Small Vessel Self Rescue
  • Ladder over side

31
Small Vessel Self Rescue
  • Deployed Ladder

32
Group/mutual Self Rescue
International
  • AMVER
  • Vessel mutual aid
  • ISMERLO
  • submarine mutual aid

33
Mandated Self Rescue
  • IMO
  • RoRo vessel regulations require fast rescue craft
  • Oil spill response
  • Requirement for OPEP

34
Mandated Self Rescue
Passenger vessels
  • SAR Cooperation Plan (SOLAS V/7.3)
  • Communication Plan
  • Inform SAR
  • Inform ship
  • Internet May 12, 2006 http//www.washingtonpost.c
    om/wp- dyn/content/article/2006/05/12/AR2006051200
    506.htm

35
Mandated Self Rescue
Offshore Petroleum Industry
  • Drilling regulations
  • SAR Helicopters
  • Standby vessels
  • Training and drills
  • East Coast Map

36
Mandated Self Rescue
Offshore Petroleum Industry
  • Grand Banks, Newfoundland
  • Terra Nova field 350 km ESE St. Johns,
    discovered 1984
  • 406M bbl oil
  • Main operator Petro-Canada

37
Mandated Self Rescue
Offshore Petroleum Industry
  • Harsh Environment
  • Iceberg Alley

38
Mandated Self Rescue
  • Harsh Environment

39
Mandated Self Rescue
Harsh Environment
  • Mean annual wind speed 35km/h
  • Max wind speed 145km/h
  • Largest wave topped 25m

40
Mandated Self Rescue
Offshore Petroleum Industry
  • Standby vessels.
  • Newfoundland Offshore Area Petroleum Production
    and Conservation Regulations P.C. 1995-256 21
    February, 1995.
  • 56. (1) The operator of a manned production
    installation shall ensure that.
  • -a standby vessel is available during storm
    conditions, at a distance, approved by the
    installation manager, that is.
  • -not greater than that required for 20 minutes
    return time unless a longer period is approved by
    the installation manager pursuant to section
    193.2 of the Act.

41
Mandated Self Rescue
42
Terra Nova Condition 18
Project Background
  • Terra Nova Site
  • Two Installations 5.7nmi apart
  • Regulations
  • One SBV per Installation

43
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Project Background
  • Terra Nova Alliance requested Canada
    Newfoundland Offshore Petroleum Board to use
    single SBV for both installations due to close
    proximity
  • Study by Magellan Engineering (1999) to
    determine feasibility and scenarios for 18th
    Condition on the fields development
  • Study used survival times from Shell Northern
    Sea performance standards in consultation with
    Canadian rescue personnel

44
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Project Background
  • Purpose to work within the condition
    demonstrate on an ongoing basis the ability to
    recover survivors in the event of an emergency
  • Operators have been pro-active in approach to
    safety safety culture is important to their
    business

45
Terra Nova approval
  • Condition 18
  • 2 Fast Rescue Craft on each Standby Vessel
  • Sufficient crew
  • Annual verification

46
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Project Background
  • Drills Required
  • Man Overboard (Port Stbd FRCs)------ 1 cas
  • H/C Ditching (Port Stbd FRCs)--------- 21 cas
  • H/C Ditching (Dacon Scoop on SBV)------ 21 cas
  • Full Evacuation (Port Stbd FRCs)------ 29 cas
  • 2 crews, 3 SBVs 6 drills annually

47
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Project Background
  • Drill Details
  • MOB Drill 500m, 20 min survival Time
  • H/C Drills
  • FRC Recovery 3000m, 75 min survival time
  • SBV Recovery 500m, 75 min survival time
  • Full Evacuation 500m, 75 min survival time
  • Try to make simulations as real as possible (i.e.
    survivor handling, weight, alarms, equipment used)

48
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Equipment
  • Dacon Rescue Mannequins
  • 90kg max Weight
  • Realistically proportioned

49
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Equipment
  • Offshore service and supply vessels
  • Two Fast Rescue Craft

50
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Equipment
  • FRC rescue scoop
  • Spine boards,
  • SBV rescue scoop
  • Body hook

51
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Trials Photos
52
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Trials Video
Sample Video
53
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Results
  • Four years of trials completed to date
  • In general, crews respond very well to the
    drills both from a timing perspective and
    approach to techniques
  • In most cases, crews exceed the required
    survival times (weather or new crew may cause
    some times to be slightly off)

54
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Results
  • Five years of trials completed to date
  • Crews respond very well to the drills
  • Response times are generally within parameters
  • Weather is a principle factor affecting response
    time

55
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Results
  • Human factors involved in conducting the drills
    are very important
  • Response and recovery times (and handling of
    survivors) improved when crews realized they were
    not playing beat the clock
  • More trips with fewer survivors is not slower and
    improved boat handling and recovery to SBV

56
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Results
  • PLBs worn by helicopter occupants play a large
    role in identifying survivor locations in adverse
    weather conditions
  • Communications (between all) are critical for
    successful execution of the trials

57
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Outcomes
  • Additional benefits/outcomes
  • Increased training opportunities
  • Practicing activities that would not normally get
    to practice in ships drills
  • Chance for trainers to identify areas for course
    improvement
  • Opportunity to conduct triage activities and
    survivor management
  • Presents chance for new research

58
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Research
  • Collection of a variety of timings for
    simulation possibilities
  • Collection of video onboard FRCs and at FRC
    decks on recovery of survivors
  • To study recovery and handling techniques
  • To study behaviour of crew

59
Terra Nova -Condition 18
Concluding Remarks
  • Drills are continuing
  • Possibility of extending idea to other offshore
    sites
  • Possibility for increased research activity

60
Defining Self Rescue
  • Attitude
  • Are there benefits in THINKING IN TERMS OF SELF
    RESCUE instead of
  • THINKING IN TERMS OF SURVIVAL

61
Self Rescue
End
  • Thank You for your attention.
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