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Computer History Timeline

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Computer History Timeline Computer Generations MHS-TH-28 1st Generation-Vacuum tubes Used circuitry and magnetic drums for memory. Were enormous and very expensive. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Computer History Timeline


1
Computer History Timeline
  • Computer Generations
  • MHS-TH-28

2
Table of Contents
  • Slide 5 Picture of first generation computer
  • Slide 6 What are first generation computers
  • Slide 7 Picture of Cathode Ray Tube
  • Slide 8 What is a Cathode Ray Tube
  • Slide 9 Picture of Selective Sequence Calculator
  • Slide10 What is a selective sequence calculator
  • Slide11 picture of second generation technology
  • Slide12 What is second generation technology
  • Slide13 Picture of ATTs data phone
  • Slide14 What is ATTs data phone
  • Slide15 Picture of First industrial Robot

3
Table of Contents
  • Slide 16 What is the First industrial Robot
  • Slide 17 Picture of Third Generation Technology
  • Slide18 What are Third Generation Computer
  • Slide19 Picture of HP-2115
  • Slide 20 What is the HP-2115
  • Slide 21 Picture of The Stanford Arm
  • Slide 22 What is the Stanford Arm
  • Slide 23 Picture of fourth generation computers
  • Slide 24 What are fourth generation computers

4
Table of Contents
  • Slide25 The first e-mail
  • Slide26 How the first e-mail happened
  • Slide27 Picture of Pixar
  • Slide28 What is Pixar
  • Slide29 Picture Of fifth generation technology
  • Slide30 What is fifth generation technology
  • Slide31 Picture of Voice Recognition
  • Slide32 What is voice recognition
  • Slide33 Picture of Future Changes
  • Slide34 What are the plans of the future

5
1st generation
1946-1958
http//members.iinet.net.au/dgreen/.com
Table of Contents
6
1st Generation-Vacuum tubes
  • Used circuitry and magnetic drums for memory.
  • Were enormous and very expensive.
  • Relied on machine language.
  • Used the lowest-level programming language.
  • Solved one problem at a time.
  • Generated a lot of heat causing malfunctions.

Table of Contents
7
Cathode Ray Tube
  • 1946-1958

Table of contents
8
1947
  • Introduced Williams tube, Cathode ray tube.
  • Painted dots and dashes of phosphorescent.
  • Used as memory for vacuum tube machines.

Table of Contents
9
Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator
  • 1946-1958

http//ei.cs.vt.edu/history/50th/ABC.jpg
Table of Contents
10
1948
  • IBMS selective sequence electronic calculator
  • Produced 50 multiplications per second.

Table of Contents
11
2nd Generation
1959-1964
Table of Contents
12
2nd Generation- Transistors
  • Transistors replaced vacuum tubes
  • Ushered in the second generation of computers.
  • Computers became cheaper and more
    energy-efficient.
  • Computers still generated a great amount of heat.

Table of Contents
13
ATTS Data Phone
  • 1959-1964

http//www.computerhistory.org/timeline/images/196
0_data.jpg
Table of Contents
14
1960
  • Att designed its data phone.
  • Converts digital computer data to analog signals.
  • Transmitted signals across its long distance
    network

Table of Contents
15
First industrial robot at General Motors
  • 1959-1964

http//robotics-tamucc.com/images/GM.jpg
Table of Contents
16
1961
  • First industrial robot works at general motors.
  • Obeying step-by-step commands.
  • Commands stored on a magnetic drum.
  • It stacked hot pieces of die cast metal

Table of Contents
17
3rd Generation
1965-1970
http//georgeboole.net/graphics/stuff/system20360
.jpg
Table of Contents
18
3rd generation- integrated circuits
  • Integrated circuits brought fourth the 3rd
    generation.
  • Transistors were miniaturized and placed on
    chips.
  • Increased the speed and efficiency of computers.
  • Different applications could be ran
    simultaneously.

Table of contents
19
HP-2115
  • 1965-1970

Table of contents
20
1966
  • Hewlett Packard entered general purpose computer
    business.
  • Entered with its HP-2115 for computation.
  • Power formerly founded in only larger companies.

Table of Contents
21
Stanford Arm
  • 1965-1970

http//infolab.stanford.edu/pub/voy/museum/picture
s/display/robots/StanfordArm.jpg
Table of Contents
22
1969
  • Invented by Victor Scheinman.
  • First successful electrical, computer controlled
    robot arm.
  • Assembled ford model water pump by 1974.

Table of contents
23
4TH Generation
1971 to Present
http//nzedge.com/speeches/images/17.jpg
Table of Contents
24
4th generation-Microprocessors
  • Microprocessors brought fourth the 4th generation
    computers.
  • Integrated circuits were built on single chip.
  • Computers now fit in your hand.
  • Computers can now be linked together.

Table of Contents
25
The first e-mail
  • 1971-present

Computer used to send first e-mail
http//img.zdnet.com/techDirectory/_1EMAIL.JPG
Table of Contents
26
1971
  • First E-mail was sent by Ray Tomlinson.
  • Sent while working on other projects.
  • Ray also invented the use of _at_.

Table of Contents
27
Pixar
  • 1971-present

http//www.jimhillmedia.com/mb/images/upload/Pixar
-Animation-Studios-A-w.jpg
Table of Contents
28
1986
  • Pixar is founded
  • Pixar was, special effects Computer group.
  • Steve jobs paid10 million for Lucas films.
  • He later renamed Lucas films Pixar.

Table of Contents
29
5th generation
Present-beyond
Table of Contents
30
5th generation-Artificial Intelligence
  • Artificial intelligence is still in development.
  • Intelligence that responds to natural language.
  • Capable of learning and self-organization.

Table of Contents
31
Voice recognition
  • Present-beyond

http//www.technoride.com/images/img125371.jpg
Table of Contents
32
2007-2008
  • Converts spoken words to machine readable inputs.
  • Used a lot in health care.
  • Wanted to be used in Military weapons.

Table of Contents
33
Changes
  • Present-beyond

http//www.dailygalaxy.com/photos/uncategorized/20
07/08/30/quantum_computing.jpg
Table of Contents
34
Beyond
  • 2015-converse with the average computer.
  • Future systems will be able to solve problems.
  • Computers will be easier to use
  • Will be more flexible and easily customized.
  • Will access intelligence's from anywhere.

Back to Beginning of slide show
Table of Contents
35
Citations
  • http//www.webopedia.com/DidYou
    Know/Hardware_Software/2002/FiveGeneration.asp.200
    7-2008,
  • www.computerhistory.org/timeline/,2006, Oct.23.08
  • Selective sequence calculator, http//potatoeskill
    me.com/comphistory1imgs/1946_eniac_large.jpg,2003,
    Oct.23.2008
  • Cathode Ray Tube-http//www.robertfarrow.net/index
    .php?substancereplicas,2001, Nov.4,2008
  • http//www.answers.com/topic/ai-technology_1981-20
    08,Oct. 30,08
  • The First Generation Computers.
    http//members.iinet.net.au/dgreen/ Last update
    Saturday, 21 May 2006. October 31, 2008

36
Citations
  • The Five Generations of Computers.
    http//www.webopedia.com/DidYouKnow/Hardware_Softw
    are/2002/FiveGenerations.asp.October 24, 2008.
    October 31,2008
  • http//www.scienceclarified.com/images/uesc_03_img
    0116.jpg. October 25,2008.October31,2008
  • http//itknowledgeexchange.techtarget.com/overhear
    d/files/2007/11/att_logo.JPG
  • http//allworldcars.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploa
    ds/2008/05/gm_to_close_windsor.jpg
  • http//www.antiqueradio.com/images/Feb07-Radio_Sha
    ck-Fig5.jpg
  • http//images.pcworld.com/opinion/graphics/136242-
    15_PDP-8.jpg
  • http//histru.bournemouth.ac.uk/Oral_History/Talki
    ng_About_Technology/computing/assets/hewlett_packa
    rd.jpg

37
Citations
  • http//www.computerhistory.org/timeline/images/197
    1_tomlinson1.jpg
  • http//www.soi.city.ac.uk/organisation/doc/researc
    h/ais/research.jpg
  • http//www.dailygalaxy.com/photos/uncategorized/20
    07/08/30/quantum_computing.jpg
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