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Grade 3-8 English Language Arts Results 2009

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Title: Grade 3-8 English Language Arts Results 2009


1
Grade 3-8 English Language Arts Results2009
2
Student Growth Tracked Over Time 2006 2009
  • Grade-by-grade testing began in 2006.
  • The tests and data system track the academic
    growth of students over time.
  • Example We can see how 3rd graders in 2006 are
    performing as 6th graders in 2009.
  • Tracking the growth of students from one grade to
    the next over time This is crucial to the Board
    of Regents.

3
Analyze Student GrowthIn 2 Ways
  • Look at whether students progress from Level 1
    and 2 to Level 3 and 4 as they move from one
    grade to the next.
  • Look at growth by student scale scores as
    students move from one grade to the next.

4
1. In the past we have compared the same grade
over a series of years like this example for
Grade 6
We will show slides in two different ways
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
All Students Tested 2006-09
5

2. Now we can also show the growth of
classes of students as they move from one grade
to the next over the 4 years of grades 3-8 tests.
This example shows the growth of students from
3rd grade to 6th grade
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
Grade 3 in 2006
Grade 6 in 2009
Grade 5 in 2008
Grade 4 in 2007
3
8
Grade 3 in 2006 Class of 2014
6
What Are the Results?
  • Moderate gains overall.
  • Students who began the 3-8 grade-by-grade
    curriculum in the early grades are often making
    bigger gains as they progress through school than
    did older students who started the grade-by-grade
    curriculum in higher grades, for example, grades
    6 and 7.
  • More of this years students are meeting the
    standards (scoring in Level 3 4) than did
    students in those grades 4 years ago.

7
What Are the Results?
  • Average student scale scores (as opposed to the
    percentage at Level 3 4) show moderate gains as
    students have progressed from one grade to the
    next.
  • 5. Middle school performance, which was very low
    when the grade 3-8 curriculum began 4 years ago,
    has improved significantly over time.
  • 6. Even with the improvements, many students
    still are not meeting the standards.

8
More students are scoring in Level 3 4 across
grades 3-8.
The percentage of students across all grades 3-8
who are scoring in Level 3 4 increased more
this year.
Number of Students Tested in Grades 3-8
2006 2007 2008
2009
Grades 3-8 1,205,120 1,228,362
1,207,778 1,200,460
9
  1. Moderate gains overall. The average student scale
    score across all grades 3-8 increased moderately
    this year.

A score of 650 is the cutpoint between Level 2
and Level 3.
650
10
Why Are Average Gains in Scale Scores Often
Smaller Than Gains in the Percentage at Level 3
and 4?
  • The Answer
  • Over time, many students have improved their
    performance just enough to move over the line (a
    score of 650) from Level 2 to Level 3.
  • But the increase in the average scale score was
    often smaller.

11

2. Growth Students who began the grade-by-grade
curriculum in the early grades are making bigger
gains as they progress through school than did
older students who started the grade-by-grade
curriculum in higher grades.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
All Students Tested as They Move through School,
2006-09
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
12
3. Status More of this years students are
meeting the standards (Level 3 4) than did
students in those grades 4 years ago.
Number Tested 2006 2007
2008 2009
Grade 3 185,603 198,457 195,777
198,367 Grade 4 190,951 197,499
197,016 195,942 Grade 5 201,262
202,133 198,022 197,856 Grade 6
204,249 204,463 200,505 197,996 Grade 7
210,735 211,839 207,278
202,805 Grade 8 212,320 213,971
209,180 207,494 Grades 3-8 1,205,120 1,228,36
2 1,207,778 1,200,460
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
13
4. Growth in Average Scale Scores Has Been
Moderate
  • Students are graded on a scale from the 400s to
    the upper 700s.
  • Students at the bottom of the scale are in level
    1. Students at the top of the scale are in level
    4.
  • The number of students scoring at Level 3 and 4
    increased significantly for some classes of
    students over time.
  • But the increase in average scale scores over
    time is smaller.

14

Growth Gains in average student scale scores are
small to moderate.
As students progressed from one grade to the
next, the performance of some classes of students
grew very little. For one class, performance
declined.
All Students Tested as They Move through School,
2006-09
A score of 650 is the cutpoint between Level 2
and Level 3.
650
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
15
Status This years students had higher average
scale scores than did the students in those same
grades 4 years ago.
A score of 650 is the cutpoint between Level 2
and Level 3.
650
16
5. Status Middle school has improved as more
students meet the standards.When the grade 3-8
tests began in 2006, the percentage of students
achieving Levels 3 4 was much poorer in the
middle grades than in the elementary grades. But
now performance in middle school has improved
significantly.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
17
Status Middle School Improvement in scale
scores is smaller.
There is also improvement in average student
scores especially in the middle grades but the
improvement in average scores is often much
smaller than the improvement in the percentage of
students in Levels 3 4.
Mean Scale Scores
650
18
Why the Progress Overall?
  • Over time, the State has invested significantly
    more resources in education.
  • Universal Pre-Kindergarten has been expanding and
    reaching more students each year.
  • The grade-by-grade curriculum, introduced in
    2006, seems to be helping. Schools are aligning
    their instruction with the grade-by-grade
    curriculum.
  • Schools have created literacy teams of teachers
    and are increasing professional development to
    improve instruction.

19
Similar Trends Emerge for Different Groups of
Students Over Time.
20
Growth More students with disabilities met the
standards (scoring in Levels 3 4) as they
progressed through school.
But achievement is still low.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
21
Growth Fewer students with disabilities are
scoring in Level 1 (showing serious academic
difficulties) as they move through school.
Percentage of Students at Level 1
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
22
Growth The average scale score for students with
disabilities has also increased significantly as
students have moved through school.
Mean Scale Scores
650
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
23

Growth English Language Learners show mixed
improvement in advancing to Levels 3 4 as they
have moved through school. Performance is low.
Note 2007 was the first year the federal
government required all ELL students to be
tested, except for those in this country for one
year or less.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
24
Growth The percentage of English Language
Learners scoring in Level 1 (showing serious
academic difficulties) has decreased
significantly.
Percentage of Students at Level 1
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
25
Growth The increase in average scale scores for
English Language Learners has been greater than
the increase in the percentage of students
scoring at Levels 3 and 4.
Mean Scale Scores
650
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
26
Across all Grades 3-8, Black, Hispanic, and
American Indian students have experienced the
most growth in meeting the standards.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
27
Across all Grades 3-8, Black, Hispanic, and
American Indian students also had the most growth
in average scale scores.
Mean Scale Scores
650
28
Growth More Black students reached Levels 3 4
as they moved through school. The gains are
larger than for White and Asian students.
Percentage of Black Students Scoring at Levels 3
and 4
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
29
Growth Black students made larger gains in
average scale scores as they progressed through
school than did White and Asian students.
Mean Scale Scores
650
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
30
Growth More Hispanic students reached Levels 3
4 as they moved through school. The gains are
larger than for White and Asian students.
The percentage of this years Hispanic 4th, 5th,
and 7th graders scoring in Levels 3 4 increased
significantly as they moved from one grade to the
next through school over the 4 years.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
31
Growth Hispanic students have often made larger
gains in average scale scores as they progressed
through school than have White and Asian
students.
Mean Scale Scores
650
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
32
Growth White students often made smaller gains
in reaching Levels 3 4 as they progressed
through school than did Black and Hispanic
students, but overall performance is much higher.


Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
33

Growth Average scale scores for White students
have declined for some students as they moved
through school.
Mean Scale Scores
650
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
34
Status However, this years White students have
higher average scale scores than White students
in those grades did 4 years before.
650
Mean Scale Scores
35
Across all Grades 3-8, districts in all
need/resource categories have made significant
gains in the percentage of students scoring in
Levels 3 4.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
36
Across all grades 3-8, scale score gains have
generally been much smaller.
2006-2009 ELA Grades 3-8 Need/Resource Capacity
Category Mean Scale Scores
650
37
Growth In New York City, students who began the
3-8 grade-by-grade curriculum in the early grades
are making bigger gains as they progress through
school than did older students who started the
grade-by-grade curriculum in higher grades, e.g.,
grades 6 and 7.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
6
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
38
Status More of this years New York City
students are scoring in Level 3 4 than did
students in those grades 4 years ago.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
39
Growth The average scale score of New York City
students has generally increased as students have
progressed from one grade to the next through
school.
Mean Scale Scores
650
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
40
Status New York City students in 2009 have
higher scale scores than did students in those
same grades 4 years ago. Thats especially true
in the middle grades.
Mean Scale Scores
650
41
Growth In the Big 4 Cities, students who began
the 3-8 grade-by-grade curriculum in the early
grades are making bigger gains as they progress
through school than did older students who
started the grade-by-grade curriculum in higher
grades, e.g., grades 6 and 7.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
6
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
42
Status In the Big 4 Cities, more of this years
students are scoring in Level 3 4 than did
students in those same grades 4 years ago.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
43
Growth In the Big 4, there has been a net gain
in average scale scores as students have
progressed from one grade to the next through 4
years of school.
Mean Scale Scores
650
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
44
Status In the Big 4, students this year have
higher scale scores than did students in those
same grades 4 years ago. Thats especially true
in the middle grades.
Mean Scale Scores
650
45
Across all Grades 3-8, in each of the Big 5
Cities, the percentage of students scoring in
Levels 3 4 has significantly increased over the
past 4 years.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
46
Across all Grades 3-8, in each of the Big 5
Cities, students average scores have increased
over the past 4 years.
Mean Scale Scores
650
47
Growth In Buffalo, the percentage of students
scoring in Level 3 and 4 has increased
substantially as students have moved from one
grade to the next through school during the past
4 years.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
48
Growth In Buffalo, the average student scale
score has typically increased as students have
moved from one grade to the next through school
during the past 4 years.
Mean Scale Scores
650
3
3
5
4
5
6
5
6
3
4
7
3
4
6
7
5
8
4
6
7
8
8
7
8
Grade 3 in 2006Class of 2015
Grade 4 in 2006Class of 2014
Grade 5 in 2006Class of 2013
Grade 6 in 2006Class of 2012
Grade 7 in 2006Class of 2011
Grade 8 in 2006Class of 2010
Class of 2018
Class of 2017
Class of 2016
49
In Buffalo, more students in every grade have met
the standards than 4 years ago.
Percentage of Students at Levels 3 and 4
50
In Buffalo, students in every grade have now
achieved higher average scale scores than 4 years
ago.
Mean Scale Scores
650
51
What Are the Results?
  • Moderate gains overall.
  • Students who began the 3-8 grade-by-grade
    curriculum 4 years ago (and later) are often
    making bigger gains as they progress through
    school than did older students who started the
    grade-by-grade curriculum in higher grades, for
    example, grades 6 and 7.
  • More of this years 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, and
    8th graders are meeting the standards (scoring in
    Level 3 4) than did students in those grades 4
    years ago.

52
What Are the Results?
  • When we look at average student scores (as
    opposed to the percentage at Level 3 4), we see
    that students have generally made smaller gains
    as they have progressed from one grade to the
    next through school.
  • 5. Middle school performance, which was very low
    when the grade 3-8 curriculum began 4 years ago,
    has improved significantly over time.
  • 6. Even with the improvements, many students
    still are not meeting the standards.
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