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Environmental%20value%20systems

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Title: Environmental%20value%20systems


1
Environmental value systems
  • Manish Kr. Semwal
  • GMIS Jakarta

2
Definition
  • An environmental value system is a system in the
    sense that it has inputs (for example, education,
    cultural influences, religious doctrine, media)
    and outputs (for example, decisions,
    perspectives, courses of action) determined by
    processing these inputs.

3
What is the need of Environmental Value System?
  • Ecosystems may often cross national boundaries
    and this may lead to conflict arising from the
    clash of different value systems about
    exploitation of resources (for example, ocean
    fishing and whaling).

4
Range of environmentalphilosophies
5
Environmental Protectors
6
Deep ecologists
  • 1 Intrinsic importance of nature for the humanity
    of man.
  • 2 Ecological (and other natural) laws dictate
    human morality.
  • 3 Biorightsthe right of endangered species or
    unique landscapes to remain unmolested.

7
Self-reliance soft ecologists
  • 1 Emphasis on smallness of scale and hence
    community identity in settlement, work and
    leisure.
  • 2 Integration of concepts of work and leisure
    through a process of personal and communal
    improvement.
  • 3 Importance of participation in community
    affairs, and of guarantees of the rights of
    minority interests. Participation seen as both a
    continuing education and a political function.

8
Environmental managers
  • 1 Belief that economic growth and resource
    exploitation can continue assuming.
  • 2 Acceptance of new project appraisal techniques
    and decision review arrangements to allow for
    wider discussion or genuine search for consensus
    among representative groups of interested parties.

9
Cornucopians
  • 1 Belief that man can always find a way out of
    any difficulties, either political, scientific or
    technological.
  • 2 Acceptance that progrowth goals define the
    rationality of project appraisal and policy
    formulation.
  • 3 Optimism about the ability of man to improve
    the lot of the worlds people.
  • 4 Faith that scientific and technological
    expertise provides the basic foundation for
    advice on matters pertaining to economic growth,
    public health and safety.
  • 5 Suspicion of attempts to widen basis for
    participation and lengthy discussion in project
    appraisal and policy review.
  • 6 Belief that all impediments can be overcome
    given a will, ingenuity and sufficient resources
    arising out of growth.

10
Rachel Carson, Silent Spring, and the
Environmental Movement
  • Almost 30 years after its publication, the book
    Silent Spring (Carson, 1962b) is instantly
    recognized, evoking ominous images of DDT, bird
    and fish kills, and pesticide danger. The book
    can still galvanize reaction in readers and
    engender controversy.

11
Rachel Carson, The Woman
  • Carson in 1929 when she was awarded a fellowship
    for summer study at Woods Hole Marine Biological
    Laboratory. This was the year that she first
    viewed the ocean.

12
Minamata Bay Tragedy
  • Minamata is located on the Western coast of
    Kyushu, Japan's southernmost island (see map).
    Its disturbing story begins, perhaps, in the
    1930s, as the town was continuing to shed its
    heritage as a poor fishing and farming village.
    In 1932 the Chisso Corporation, an integral part
    of the local economy since 1907, began to
    manufacture acetaldehyde, used to produce
    plastics. As we know now, mercury from the
    production process began to spill into the bay.
    Though no one knew until decades later, the heavy
    metal became incorporated into methyl mercury
    chloride an organic form that could enter the
    food chain. At the time, Minamata residents
    relied almost exclusively on fish and shellfish
    from the bay as a source of protein. For us,
    today, the threat of pollution is immediately
    evident. But one must not fail to appreciate the
    historical context in which neither scientific
    experience nor a pervasive environmental
    awareness could offer such an explicit warning.

13
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14
Bhopal Gas Tragedy
  • The Bhopal disaster or Bhopal gas tragedy was an
    industrial disaster that took place at a Union
    Carbide pesticide plant in the Indian city of
    Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. At midnight on 3 December
    1984, the plant (accidentally) released an
    estimated 42 tonnes of toxic methyl isocyanate
    (MIC) gas, exposing more than 500,000 people to
    MIC and other chemicals. The first official
    immediate death toll was 2,259. The government of
    Madhya Pradesh has confirmed a total of 3,787
    deaths related to the gas release. Others
    estimate 8,000-10,000 died within 72 hours and
    25,000 have since died from gas-related diseases

15
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16
Chernobyl
  • The Chernobyl disaster was a nuclear reactor
    accident that occurred on 26 April 1986 at the
    Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine (then
    part of the Soviet Union). It is considered to be
    the worst nuclear power plant disaster in history
    and the only level 7 event on the International
    Nuclear Event Scale. It resulted in a severe
    release of radioactivity following a massive
    power excursion that destroyed the reactor. Most
    deaths from the accident were caused by radiation
    poisoning.

17
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18
Environmental value systems in societies.
  • Indian- Hindus
  • Buddhist
  • Judaeo-Christian societies
  • Communist and capitalist societies.

19
  • The environmental philosophy of an individual, as
    with that of a community will inevitably be
    shaped by cultural, economic and socio-political
    context.
  • If it is in you so start working for
    Environmental Protection Can YOU????

20
You can do it!!! If a illiterate villager can do
21
Chipko Movement
22
Any one can be an Environmentalist
  • The Chipko Movement has attracted world-wide
    attention. The image of poor, rural women in the
    hills of northern India standing with their arms
    around trees to prevent them being cut down is a
    romantic and compelling one. The reality, in many
    ways, fits the image the Chipko Movement can
    indeed be considered an important success story
    in the fight to secure women's rights, in the
    process of local community development through
    forestry and in environmental protection. But
    there are more complicated implications as well.
    It is important to understand the history of
    Chipko and the context in which it arose - and is
    still evolving.

23
Think It!!!!!
24
Thank You
  • Manish Kr.
    Semwal
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