Chapter 5 Beach Resort and Destination Resort Marinas: Managing the Operation - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Chapter 5 Beach Resort and Destination Resort Marinas: Managing the Operation

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People who travel to beaches for vacation: take longer holidays, and spend more money. ... 110 million person trips are made annually to beaches ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 5 Beach Resort and Destination Resort Marinas: Managing the Operation


1
Chapter 5Beach Resort and Destination Resort
MarinasManaging the Operation
2
Identify the changing trends in the demographic
profiles of the market for beach resorts and
destination resort marinas.
  • Beach Resorts
  • Beaches and Islands
  • People who travel to beaches for vacation take
    longer holidays, and spend more money. They are
    more likely to take their children along, to fly
    to the destination, and to rent a car.
  • 110 million person trips are made annually to
    beaches
  • Top states that benefit from coastal tourism are
    California, Florida, New Jersey, and Hawaii

3
Changing Trends
  • Scuba Travel
  • Scuba diving is a 2.6 billion annual business in
    the U.S.
  • There are over 3 million certified scuba divers
    in the U.S. a six-fold increase since the
    1980s.
  • Live Aboards are upscale dive resorts in Asia
  • Big Animal Encounters include swimming with and
    photographing animals.

4
Changing Trends
  • Romance Related
  • More than 42 million Americans take at least one
    trip a year to attend a wedding, go on a
    honeymoon or celebrate an anniversary
  • Most common among baby boomers and those who live
    in the South

5
Changing Trends
  • Destination Resort Marinas
  • Boaters
  • Its estimated that 69 million people
    participated in recreational boating in 2004, in
    17.6 million boats
  • The major boating states include Michigan,
    Florida, California, Minnesota, and Texas
  • The increased interest in boating is due to a
    growing economy with increasing disposable
    incomes, leisure time and individual mobility

6
Identify operational environmental standards for
both beach resorts and destination resort marinas.
  • In 1987 the Blue Flag concept began as an
    eco-label certifying beaches (and later
    marinas) as meeting quality standards relating to
    water quality, environmental management, and
    safety and services.

7
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Water Quality
  • In the Caribbean and South Pacific the
    microbiological limit values for E. coli faecal
    enterococci are set at 100/100 ml and 40/100 ml
    respectively
  • Water samples should be taken every two to three
    weeks, where the concentration of bathers is
    highest
  • No wastewater, industrial or urban, should affect
    the quality of the beach

8
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Water Quality (cont.)
  • Storm water outlets must be clean at all times
  • Once a year, divers should collect data regarding
    a site description focusing on the extent of
    human imprints on coral reefs
  • Algae should not be allowed to accumulate to the
    point where it is a hazard or a nuisance to beach
    users
  • Seaweed dried on the beach can be used as
    fertilizer

9
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Environmental Management
  • The operation of a beach and its immediate
    surroundings should comply with local and
    regional land-use plans
  • There should be no signs of litter on a beach
  • Trash containers must be available on/by the
    beach in adequate numbers, regularly maintained
    and emptied

10
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Environmental Management (cont.)
  • Recycling facilities must be available on/by the
    beach
  • The number of sanitary facilities will depend on
    the average number of beach users during peak
    season, the length of the beach and the number
    and location of beach access points
  • Cars should be kept at least 65 feet away from
    the waters edge
  • In most Blue Flag beaches, pets are not allowed
    on the sandy part of the beach

11
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Safety and Services
  • Determining the appropriate number of lifeguards
    and equipment requires a risk assessment of the
    beach
  • Where no lifeguards are present, lifesaving
    equipment should be provided every 120 feet with
    visible instructions
  • Separate geographic zones can be set up for
    various activities separated by buoys, beacons,
    or signs
  • The beach should be managed in a way that helps
    protect the environment

12
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Safety and Services (cont.)
  • Emergency plans should be developed in order to
    be proactive in planning for hazards
  • Safe access can be provided by securing stairs
    with handrails, designating crosswalks, and
    reserving disabled drivers parking lot spaces.
  • Security guards may be necessary to provide a
    safe environment
  • Potable drinking water must be available on the
    beach
  • A map of the beach indicating different
    facilities must be displayed

13
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Destination Resort Marinas
  • Irresponsible activities can seriously erode the
    health and aesthetics of near-shore marine
    environments and coral reefs

14
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Managing Environmental Impacts
  • Anchoring
  • Using anchors for mooring recreational boats can
    cause extensive damage to coral reefs
  • Anchoring can result in fewer fish, fewer living
    corals, fewer new corals, more stressed corals,
    more algae growth, cloudy water, and destruction
    of sea grass beds.
  • Using mooring buoys and educating resort guests
    can minimize or prevent damage.

15
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Boat Operation
  • Improper operation of a boat can result in
    accidents that crush and kill areas of coral and
    other reef dwelling organisms.
  • Boaters should be urged to follow proper
    navigation and mooring principles in regards to
    staying within designated channel markers and
    obeying all speed signs.
  • A comprehensive educational program should be
    offered to guests prior to renting a boat in such
    areas as basic navigation, boat handling, and
    safety principles.

16
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Boat Sewage and Garbage Disposal
  • When raw or partially treated sewage is dumped in
    coastal waters, people and the environment are
    subject to risk.
  • Plastic objects and styrofoam debris are often
    consumed by turtles, seabirds, fish and marine
    mammals
  • Boaters should be urged to use pump-out
    facilities on land

17
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Snorkeling, Diving and Snuba
  • Irresponsible or inexperienced snorkelers and
    divers can crush and break corals and other
    reef-dwelling organisms with fins, equipment, and
    body parts
  • Swimmers should be made aware of local laws when
    touching marine life

18
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Seafood Consumption and Souvenir Purchasing
  • The near-shore environment is threatened when
    marine resources are over-harvested for seafood
    and/or ornamental souvenirs.
  • Over-consumption reduces the very resources that
    attract tourists in the first place.
  • Resorts can educate guests about which species
    should not be consumed as food or purchased as
    souvenirs.
  • Gift shops should not be selling or purchasing
    marine ornamental souvenirs.
  • Restaurants on the property should not serve fish
    that are threatened or endangered.

19
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Recreational Fishing
  • Recreational fishing can result in the
    over-harvesting of a number of marine species.
  • Management can encourage catch-and-release
    fishing to help protect endangered species.
  • Many think that spear fishing also contributes to
    excessive harvesting.

20
Operational Environmental Standards
  • Marine Wildlife Viewing
  • Marine species have a greater economic value when
    they are viewed rather than harvested.
  • Improper boating practices and corralling of
    animals during viewing can be detrimental
  • Resorts that offer tours can avoid chasing marine
    animals, practice a no-contact policy, and avoid
    feeding and surrounding wild animals.

21
  • The End!
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